These are controversial and thought-provoking questions. They are also questions that demand answers, answers that may very well be found by examining those people whose blood type is Rh negative.
The vast majority of humankind--85 to 90 percent--is Rh positive, which means a person's red blood cells contain an antigen directly connected to the Rhesus monkey. This antigen is known as the Rh factor.
Each and every primate on the planet has this antigen, except for one: the remaining 10 to 15 percent of humans. If the theory of evolution is valid--that each and every one of us is descended from ancient primates--shouldn't we all be Rh positive? Yes, we should. But we're not. The Negatives are unlike the rest of us. They are different.
They are the unique individuals whose bloodline may have nothing less than extraterrestrial origins.
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About the Author
Nick Redfern is an author, lecturer, and journalist who writes about a wide range of unsolved mysteries, including Bigfoot, UFOs, the Loch Ness Monster, alien encounters, and government conspiracies. His previous books include Close Encounters of the Fatal Kind; For Nobody's Eyes Only; The World's Weirdest Places; The Pyramids and the Pentagon; The Real Men in Black; The NASA Conspiracies; and Contactees. Redfern has appeared on numerous television shows and networks, including Fox News; The History Channel's Ancient Aliens, Monster Quest, and UFO Hunters; VH1's Legend Hunters; National Geographic Channel's The Truth About UFOs and Paranatural; BBC's Out of this World; MSNBC's Countdown; and SyFy Channel's Proof Positive. He can be contacted at Nickredfernfortean.blogspot.com.
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The Nature of the Negatives
To fully appreciate the profoundly weird nature of this potentially otherworldly saga, it's most important to first demonstrate how radically different those with Rh negative blood are to the remainder of the world's population. We will then tackle the critical matter of why the Rh negatives even exist at all. For the human race, there are four, primary, types of blood: A, B, AB, and O. The classifications are derived from the antigens of a person's blood cells — antigens being proteins that are found on the surface of the cells and that are designed to combat bacteria and viruses. Most of the human population has such proteins on their cells. They are the Rh positive percentage of the Earth's people. Within the United States, current estimates suggest that around 85 percent of all Caucasians, roughly 90 percent of African Americans, and approximately 98 percent of Asian Americans are Rh positive.
The small percentage of the U.S. population (and that of the rest of the world, too, it should be noted) that does not exhibit the relevant proteins falls into a very different category — that of the Rh negatives. There is, however, another, third group of people, the Basques of central Spain and the western parts of France, whose percentage of RH negatives is incredibly high: close to an amazing 40 percent. On top of that, and at the opposite end of the spectrum, the Basques almost completely lack individuals with B and AB blood. Why one particular group of people should be so incredibly different from just about everyone else, is a matter that will be discussed and dissected in the next chapter of this book.
The Nature of Blood
It was not until the dawning of the 20th century that the first, initial steps were taken to fully understand the precise nature of blood. As incredible as it may sound, however, experiments to transfuse blood from human to human, and from animal to animal, date back as far as the mid-1600s, when experiments using dogs and sheep proved to be successful — at least, to a degree they were successful. Despite the ups and downs of these early experiments, right up until the latter part of the 19th century, matters were very much misunderstood on the issue of blood — and, very often, tragically so, too. This all became acutely clear during the turbulent American Civil War of 1861 to 1865, in which no less than 600,000 individuals lost their lives, as North and South went to war in violent and bloody fashion.
When trying to save the lives of soldiers exhibiting terrible, battlefield-based wounds from the devastating effects of bullets, blades, and cannons — many of which provoked significant and life-threatening blood loss — military doctors were left with no option but to transfuse blood from healthy and hardy individuals into the bloodstreams of the critically injured. On some occasions, the procedures worked perfectly. On other occasions, however, they had the exact opposite outcome: The patients soon died. The reason for this distinct Russian roulette–style situation was a deep mystery, at the time. As a result, transfusions in the United States were seen as being very much a last resort; in much of Europe of the 1800s, however, blood transfusions were viewed not as a last resort, but as a definitive no-go area — period.
At least, that is where things stood until the first decade of the 20th century. That is when history was well and truly made by a man named Karl Landsteiner, a Nobel Prize–winning physician and biologist from Austria, a man who forever changed the face of medicine, and who also happened to be the co-discoverer (with Romanian microbiologist Constantin Levaditi and Erwin Popper, an Austrian physician) of the polio virus.
The Matter of the Rhesus Macaque
Karl Landsteiner's groundbreaking work demonstrated something that, at the time, was deemed remarkable: Blood serum (the liquid portion that encompasses the blood cells of the human body) is not identical in all individuals. Landsteiner's studies revealed that there was not just one blood group, after all. Four decades later, Landsteiner and a colleague, a New York Doctor of Medicine named Alexander Solomon Weiner, stumbled upon something else — something equally as remarkable as Landsteiner's earlier discoveries. As well as conducting groundbreaking research in relation to matters concerning human blood and their various groups, Landsteiner and Weiner undertook experimentation on monkeys, specifically on Rhesus macaques.
They are what are termed "Old World Monkeys" and can be found across much of south and central Asia, their territory extending from Afghanistan to China. Not only that, Rhesus macaques and the human race shared a common ancestor up until around 25 million years ago, when a divergence occurred and the two went their separate ways. On top of that, macaques have a DNA sequence that is 93-percent identical to that of the human race. This latter issue of a close tie between Rhesus macaques and people is why so much research into human diseases and viruses is undertaken on macaques.
Murray B. Gardner and Paul A. Luciw, in "Macaque Models of Human Infectious Disease," say on this particular issue: Macaques have served as models for more than 70 human infectious diseases of diverse etiologies, including a multitude of agents — bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, prions. The remarkable diversity of human infectious diseases that have been modeled in the macaque includes global, childhood, and tropical diseases as well as newly emergent, sexually transmitted, oncogenic, degenerative neurologic, potential bioterrorism, and miscellaneous other diseases (Gardner & Luciw, 2008).
Landsteiner and Weiner, during the course of their studies, elected to inject the blood of the Rhesus macaques into other, very different animals, including both guinea pigs and rabbits. It was an action that caused the blood of the animals to clot. To his astonishment, Landsteiner found that the clotting was caused by a further antigen, or protein, that, up until 1940, had not been recognized or even detected by anyone in the medical community. Most significant of all, additional work demonstrated that the hitherto-unknown antigen at issue was also found to be present in people. Landsteiner decided to term it the "Rh factor" ("Rh" standing for "Rhesus," of course). And there was yet another discovery too, one that gets to the very heart of the subject matter of this book: that there were some individuals who completely lacked the Rh factor (a rarity in the overall 33 types of human blood). They were, and are, the Rh negatives. There were more than a few of them, too. And, as history has shown, and as will later be demonstrated, the negatives amount to a group of people filled with anomalies that place them in a category noticeably detached and different from the rest of the populace.
When a Mother Attempts to Kill Her Baby
The most significant — and also deeply worrying — side effect of being Rh negative relates to the matter of pregnancy. Actually, it's the one and only adverse side effect: Giving birth aside, being Rh negative has no major, adverse bearing whatsoever upon matters relative to health. In fact, and as will become clearer in a later chapter, there may very well be notable benefits, health-wise, when it comes to being Rh negative. For a pregnant woman who is Rh negative, however, the hazards can be both considerable and extremely dangerous. If a woman who is Rh negative is made pregnant by a man who is also Rh negative, the problems are non-existent and there is no need for concern: Both individuals are wholly compatible with one another, the fetus will develop in normal fashion, and the child will be born Rh negative. If, however, the father is Rh positive and the mother is Rh negative, problems can begin and the results may prove to be very different — and tragically so, too, as the developing fetus will be Rh positive. It is this latter issue that gets to the very crux of the problem.
As incredible as it may sound, the blood of an Rh negative pregnant woman can be completely incompatible with the blood of an Rh positive baby that she is carrying. Such a situation can very often provoke the mother's own blood to produce potentially lethal antibodies, which are designed to attack the fetus's blood, if and when the former is exposed to the latter. In other words, the Rh positive baby is perceived by the mother's negative immune system as something hostile. For all intents and purposes, the unborn child is considered something alien and something to be gotten rid of at the earliest opportunity possible.
The process by which the mother effectively tries to attack and kill its very own offspring via the blood is termed sensitization. In this peculiar process, the mother's blood crosses into the placenta and then into what is termed the fetal circulation, where it proceeds to wage war on the baby's blood cells, which are made in the bone marrow, and which are absolutely vital for the carrying of oxygen about the body. It's a war to the death, for all intents and purposes.
Systematically, and bit by bit, the mother's antibodies attack the red blood cells of the baby, breaking them down and provoking the development of what is termed hemolytic anemia. And when hemolytic anemia begins to overwhelm the fetus, the results can be disastrous and deadly. Anemia in an adult can be a serious issue; in an unborn child it can be even more so. Organs, particularly so the heart, can be significantly and irreversibly damaged. The lack of sufficient levels of oxygen may have a disastrous effect on the development and function of the brain. In a worst-case scenario, the fetus may die.
More disturbing is the fact that the more times a woman becomes pregnant, the more powerful and prevalent the deadly antibodies become. In short, the mother's body finds ways to make the process of trying to kill the fetus ever more powerful, swift, and effective with each successive pregnancy. It's almost as if there is something deeply ancient and alien encoded in our DNA that sees positive and negative as being acutely different to one another, and never intended for unification. Later on, we will see why that may be exactly the case.
Fortunately for a pregnant negative, there are ways and means to combat the mother's violent assault on her unborn child. Rh immune globulin is a blood product that is injected (via a muscle) into the mother and that prevents her body from developing the very type of antibodies that are designed to attack the fetus — providing, that is, she is not already sensitized to the Rh factor. If she isn't, the chances are extremely high that the pregnancy will proceed in regular fashion and the fetus will develop into a normal, healthy baby.
There is another anomaly with Rh negative blood — although this one is of a positive nature. I mentioned earlier that there are four primary types of blood: A, B, AB, and O. These types apply both to people who are Rh positive and those who are Rh negative. It transpires that Type O negative is rather unique, in the sense that it can be successfully transfused into just about anyone and everyone — regardless of their personal blood group and without causing fatal, or even adverse, reactions. For this particular reason emergency response teams very often carry Type O negative blood when responding to disasters; it's pretty much guaranteed to be acceptable to anyone needing blood in a life-or-death situation. On the other hand, however, those with O negative blood can only be transfused with O negative blood; for them, nothing else will work. Among the negatives, then, the Type O variety appears to be the most unique of all. A case of keeping the bloodline completely pure, perhaps. And, maybe, a deliberately engineered, case, too.
Before we get to the controversial matter of ancient extraterrestrials manipulating the human bloodline in the distant past, it's important that we first rule out down-to-earth explanations for the Rh negative factor. After all, asserting that some of us are the product of alien gene-tinkering is not something that should be done lightly. Keeping that in mind, is it feasible that the controversy could be due to nothing stranger than natural selection or mutation of a very down-to-earth variety? Such a scenario might, at first glance, seem wholly reasonable. After all, some of us have dark skin, and others have light skin. One person has blond hair, another has black, and a third has brown. Eye color can vary wildly too: The pigmentation of the iris ranges from blue to green, and gray to brown. Very occasionally, a person will be born with amber-colored eyes, or even with eyes of different colors.
The color variations in skin, hair, and eyes are chiefly caused by nothing stranger than a pigment called melanin. So, in that sense, it's not impossible that the Rh negative factor is one that could have developed naturally, rather than as a result of the intervention of fantastic, extraterrestrial technologies. There are, however, certain issues that suggest Mother Nature was not the responsible party. It's very important to note there is no evidence to suggest that the color of skin, hair, or eyes can have a bearing upon the personality, mindset, or belief systems of an individual. Blood of one particular type, however, can have such a bearing — and a highly significant one, too, in certain people.
Those with Rh negative blood are very often of a specific mindset, displaying a deep and keen interest in science, UFOs, and unexplained phenomena. They have higher-than-average psychic abilities, such as precognition and extrasensory perception. Their IQ is typically higher than that of most people. Physically, they are different too: A low body temperature, slow pulse, extra vertebrae, and low blood pressure are all common in the Rh negatives. They are far more resilient to illness, viruses, and disease than the rest of the human population. And, as we will see later, there is good evidence in hand that demonstrates clandestine groups within both the U.S. government and military have secretly monitored the rise of the Rh negatives and carefully studied their associations to the UFO phenomenon.
When we put all of this together, we are faced with what appears to be nothing less than a careful, controlled, manipulation of certain portions of the human race, both physically and mentally. Can we prove that nature was not the overriding factor in the Rh negative controversy? No. Can we make a very strong case that an outside force — one that had its origins on another world — was the party responsible for creating a unique, improved form of human? Most certainly, as you will now see.
With all of the above now said, it's time to take a look at the one group of people who — more than any other, anywhere on the planet — can accurately be termed the reigning negatives. They are the Basque people of Spain and France. Their story is a long and winding one — a story that may very well have at its heart, and at its origins, evidence of genetic manipulation of the human race in the distant past by none other than powerful and infinitely advanced extraterrestrials. In our efforts to understand the negatives of today — as well as a potential ongoing and secret alien agenda, of a genetics-based nature, in our very midst — a trip into the distant and turbulent past is now in order.CHAPTER 2
The Blood of the Basques
In Atlantis: The Antediluvian World, Ignatius Donnelly described the Basques as
of middle size, compactly built, robust and agile, of a darker complexion than the Spaniards, with gray eyes and black hair. They are simple but proud, impetuous, merry, and hospitable. The women are beautiful, skillful in performing men's work, and remarkable for their vivacity and grace. The Basques are much attached to dancing, and are very fond of the music of the bagpipe (Donnelly, 2010).
There is more to the Basques than that, however — far more. The story of the Basque people is as mind-bending as it is almost unique. It's also a story steeped in fog-shrouded mystery and intrigue. Not only that, the implications of the story are stunning: The Basques just might be the results of highly advanced genetic manipulation by visiting extraterrestrials (ETs) untold number of millennia ago. If such a scenario sounds incredible, well, that's exactly what it is. In a situation like this, there's only one place to start: the beginning.(Continues…)
Excerpted from "Bloodline of the Gods"
Copyright © 2015 Nick Redfern.
Excerpted by permission of Red Wheel/Weiser, LLC.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 The Nature of the Negatives 15
Chapter 2 The Blood of the Basques 25
Chapter 3 The Curious Case of the Cro-Magnons 33
Chapter 4 Did ETs Wipe Out the Neanderthals? 41
Chapter 5 Welcome to the World of the Anunnaki 51
Chapter 6 Alien-Human Gene-Splicing in the Ancient Past 63
Chapter 7 Colliding Worlds and Nuclear Attack 73
Chapter 8 Lilith: An Anunnaki Caretaker 89
Chapter 9 Incubus and Succubus 103
Chapter 10 Fairies, the "Little People," and Human Reproduction 111
Chapter 11 The Anunnaki and the CIA 119
Chapter 12 Close Encounters of the Celtic Kind 125
Chapter 13 The Arrival of the Abductors 137
Chapter 14 The Abduction Epidemic Begins 145
Chapter 15 Missing Time 151
Chapter 16 Children of the Gods 159
Chapter 17 The Black-Eyed Children 167
Chapter 18 Reptiles From the Stars 175
Chapter 19 Military Abductions and Rh Negative 185
Chapter 20 Rh Negatives: Us Vs. Them 197
Chapter 21 A Bloody Controversy 209
Chapter 22 Rh Negatives and Inherited Memory 217
About the Author 255