Body-Self Dualism in Contemporary Ethics and Politics

Body-Self Dualism in Contemporary Ethics and Politics

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Cambridge University Press
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Body-Self Dualism in Contemporary Ethics and Politics

Profoundly important ethical and political controversies turn on the question of whether bio-logical life is an essential aspect of a human person, or only an extrinsic instrument. Patrick Lee and Robert P. George argue that human beings are physical, animal organisms-albeit essentially rational and free - and examine the implications of this understanding of human beings for some of the most controversial issues in, contemporary ethics and politics. The authors argue that human beings are animal organisms and that their personal identity across time consists in the persistence of the animal organisms they are; they also argue that human beings are essentially rational and free and that there is a radical difference between human beings and other animals, criticize hedonism and hedonistic drug-taking, present detailed defenses of the prolife positions on abortion and euthanasia and defend the traditional moral position on marriage and sexual acts.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780521124195
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 09/14/2009
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 232
Sales rank: 875,252
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction 1

I Human Beings Are Animals 4

I Main Challenges to Establishing the First Premise 5

II Animals are Enduring Agents 6

III Sensation is a Bodily Act 10

Iv In Human Being the Agent that Performs the Act of Sensing Is Identical with the Agent that Performs the Act of Understanding 15

V An Argument from the Nature of Human Intelligence 16

VI On Privileged Access and the Modal Argument for Substance Dualism 19

VII Human and Personal Identity: The Psychological Continuity View 22

VIII Against Constitutionalism 38

IX Conjoined Twins and Organic Unity and Distinctness 44

2 Human Beings Are Persons 50

I The Difference in Kind between Human Beings and Other Animals 52

A Conceptual Thought 52

B Free Choice, Moral Agency 59

II Survival after Death 66

A The Human Soul after Death 66

B Resurrection of the Body 74

III Personhood and Human Dignity 81

3 Hedonism and Hedonistic Drug-Taking 95

I What Hedonism Is 95

II Preliminary Arguments against Psychological and Ethical Hedonism 98

III An Argument against Hedonism from Qualitative Differences among Pleasures 100

IV Hedonism and Dualism 103

V Pleasures Are Good Only as Aspects of Real Perfections 108

VI Hedonistic Drug-Taking 115

4 Abortion 118

I The Biological Issue: Human Embryos or Fetuses Are Complete (Though Immature) Human Beings 119

II No-Person Arguments: The Dualist Version 130

III No-Person Arguments: The Evaluative Version 133

Iv The Argument that Abortion Is Justified as Nonintentional Killing 140

5 Euthanasia 151

I Human Life and Personhood Near the End of Life 152

II The Human Individual Remains a Person during His or Her WholeDuration 154

II Why Suicide and Euthanasia Are Morally Wrong 155

IV Intentional Killing versus Causing Death as a Side Effect 157

V Human Life Is an Intrinsic Good 160

VI The Definition of Death 163

VII The Criterion of Death 165

VIII Human Life and Dignity 169

6 Sex and the Body 176

I Sex and Marriage 179

II Sex and Pleasure 185

III Sex, Love, and Affection 193

A sodomy 194

B Fornication 196

IV Objections 197

V Nonmarital Sexual Acts, Multiple Partners, Incest, Bestiality&hellip 209

Index 219

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