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Cambridge University Press
Barbarian Migrations and the Roman West, 376-568

Barbarian Migrations and the Roman West, 376-568

by Guy Halsall


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900521435436
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 02/28/2008
Series: Cambridge Medieval Textbooks Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 616
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Guy Halsall is Professor of History at the University of York.

Table of Contents

List of maps and figure     xii
Acknowledgements     xiv
A note on spellings     xvii
Romans and barbarians in the imperial world     1
How the west was lost and where it got us     3
Saba, Romanus and Guntramn Boso: the problems of government     3
The barbarians' role in history     10
Transformation or fall?     19
Germanism and Celticism     22
The present study     25
Defining identities     35
Ethnicity     35
'Men who have nothing human beyond their limbs and voices'? The Roman view     45
The barbarian view?     57
The late Roman Empire in the west     63
Ruling Europe: the early Roman solution     68
The 'third-century crisis'     71
The new empire of the fourth century     74
The regions     79
Gender     96
The church     99
The army     101
The late Roman Empire: the problem remains     110
Society beyond the frontier     112
West of the Irish Sea: the Scotti     112
North of Hadrian's Wall: the Picti     114
East of the Rhine: the Germani     118
North of the Danube: the Goths     131
Around the African frontier: the Mauri     136
Romans and barbarians before 376     138
The frontier     138
The barbarian threat?     144
Roman use of the barbarians     149
Barbarian use of the Roman Empire     150
Barbarians within the Roman Empire     152
Conclusion     161
A world renegotiated: Western Europe, 376-550     163
The Gothic crisis, 376-382     165
Introduction: history and irony     165
The Hunnic storm     170
The Gothic entry into the Empire     175
The Goths rebel     177
The battle of Adrianople and after     178
Trying hard to recreate what had yet to be created: historians and the 'treaty of 382'     180
The crisis of the Empire, 382-410     186
The usurpations of Magnus Maximus and Eugenius and the death of Theodosius, 383-395     186
Alaric's Goths     189
Alaric, Stilicho and court politics, 395-397     194
Military withdrawal from the north     195
Alaric's invasion of Italy, 397-405     200
Alaric, king of the Goths?     202
Radagaisus, 405-406      206
The great invasion and Constantine 'III', 406-408     210
The fall of Stilicho, 408     212
Alaric in Italy and the sack of Rome, 408-410     214
The crisis at the peripheries     217
The triumph of the generals, 410-455     220
The suppression of the usurpers, 410-413     220
The supremacy of Constantius: the Empire on the offensive, 413-421     224
Competition for authority, 421-434     234
Aetius, Gaiseric and Attila, 434-453     242
The deaths of Aetius and Valentinian and the second sack of Rome, 453-455     254
The parting of Gaul and Italy, 455-480     257
Avitus: the Gauls throw the dice again, 455-456     257
Majorian, 456-461     262
The supremacy of Ricimer, 461-472     266
Ephemeral emperors, 472-480     278
Kingdoms of the Empire, 476-550     284
Italy: two nations under a Goth?     284
The Vandals in Africa     293
The Visigoths from Gaul to Spain     296
The Burgundian kingdom     300
Gaul: Clovis and the triumph of the Merovingians     303
Where no narrative is possible: Britain     311
Provincial society in the long fifth century      320
The material base: society and economy     321
Africa     321
Italy     328
Spain     338
Gaul     346
Britain     357
Survival strategies     368
Beyond the old frontier     371
West of the Irish Sea     371
North of Hadrian's Wall     375
East of the Rhine     379
Scandinavia     379
The Saxons: settlements and cemeteries in north-west Germany     383
Change around the North Sea and the Anglo-Saxon migration     386
Politics and migration in the Elbe valley: the Thuringians and Lombards     392
Settlements and cemeteries along the old Rhine frontier: the Franks and Alamanni     399
The Bavarians     403
Around the African frontier     405
Conclusions     411
Romans and barbarians in a post-imperial world     415
Mechanisms of migration and settlement     417
The mechanics of migration     417
Administered settlement: the hospitalitas question     422
Settlement     447
New peoples, new identities, new kingdoms?     455
New Peoples? Ethnogenesis     457
Law and ethnicity     462
Archaeology and ethnogenesis     466
Language, names and religion     468
Ethnic change     470
Gender     482
New forms of power? 1: post-imperial rulership     488
New forms of power? 2: aristocracy and nobility     494
Conclusion     497
A changed world: the roots of failure     499
Justinian's wars     499
The roots of failure (1): the barbarians     507
The roots of failure (2): the Romans     512
A changed world, 'partly dependent upon unhistoric acts'     515
Gildas' narrative and the identity of the 'proud tyrant'     519
Bibliography     527
Abbreviations     527
Journals, series, collections and secondary works     527
Primary sources and authors     529
Primary sources     531
Secondary works     537
Index     585

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