|Publisher:||Creative Media Partners, LLC|
|Product dimensions:||6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.76(d)|
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With the downfall of the Roman empire, the pandect of the civilized world lost its authority. The law jus naturale became extinct. On the ruins of the Roman empire rose kingdoms and principalities of a barbarous people. Continental Europe was governed by the laws of barbarians. The laws of these people were feudalistic. The relation of man to the prince was dual; through the land, for reason of birth on the land of his prince ; and fealty or allegiance to his sovereign to perform military service. From citizens the Romans became subjects. Their lands were parcelled among the followers of the king, the leaders of whom became counsellors and administrators of justice, taking to themselves titles of their towns and castles, and thus creating a landed nobility, co-extensive with the system of tenures. To give the nobility gentility of blood, they adopted armorial bearings, and the names of their estates for surnames. The privileges of birth thus became susceptible of proof iinder the customs of their lands. These innovations marked more distinctly the relation of high born to plebeian who could hold no fief. The allodialists subscribed to the oath demanded by the feudal lords. The vassals became identified with the soil. In many states he was inseparable from his till; he was a " hoeriger" to the land; a quasi immovable. To what extent this power of the prince over his subjects was exercised, is apparent from recent dates, not a century ago, when the Hessian prince sold his subjects to the English king to contend against the struggle for independence of his colonies in America. It remained for the French revolution to declare to Europe the liberty and equality of man. From theagitation, which prevailed at about this date in both Europe and America, was evolved anew the pr...