Preface to first edition.
Chapter 1. An Integrated Approach to Literacy.
Literacy in Everyday Life.
The Study of Literacy.
Outline of the Book.
Chapter 2. Talking About Literacy.
Metaphors for Literacy.
Theories and Metaphors.
Metaphors and thinking.
Definitions of Literacy.
Looking for a metaphor.
The ecological metaphor.
Chapter 3. The Social Basis of Literacy.
Practices and Events.
Literacies and Domains.
Broader Social Relations.
Literacy as Communication.
Literacy as Thought.
Values and Awareness.
Chapter 4. Researching Literacy Practices.
Researching Literacy as Social Practice.
Local and Community Literacy Practices.
Multilingual Literacy Practices.
Literacy is Gendered.
Workplace Literacy Practices.
The Social Patterning of Literacy Practices.
Chapter 5. Literacy Embedded in Language.
Literacy and Language.
From registers to genres and discourses.
Texts and intertextuality.
Taking Meaning from Texts.
Chapter 6. Configurations of Language.
Written and Spoken Language are Different.
Continua from Written to Spoken.
Configurations of Language.
Decontextualized and Explicit?.
Chapter 7. Writing Systems and Other Notations.
Comparing writing systems.
Chapter 8. Points in History.
The Archaeology of Literacy.
What is writing?.
Earlier forms of symbolic representation.
Early uses of writing.
Literacy and Historical Change.
Writing as evolution.
Evolution towards the alphabet?.
Contact and change.
A Social History of Literacy.
The development of printing.
The development of a literate culture.
Chapter 9. The Roots of Literacy.
Approaches to Learning.
Learning to Speak.
Chapter 10. Emergent Literacy.
Reading to Children.
Knowing about Literacy.
Chapter 11. Public Definitions of Literacy.
The Skill of Reading.
Writer as Scribe and as Author.
The Literary View of Literacy.
The Professional Writer.
Chapter 12. School Practices.
What Goes On in Schools.
Talk around texts.
From home to school.
Literacy as Language.
Chapter 13. Adults and World Literacy.
Not Literate in a Literate World.
Language Issues in Adult Literacy.
Chapter 14. Some Implications of an Ecological View.
Literacy in Education.