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Generations at Risk: Reproductive Health and the Environment / Edition 1
     

Generations at Risk: Reproductive Health and the Environment / Edition 1

by Ted Schettler
 

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ISBN-10: 0262692473

ISBN-13: 2900262692471

Pub. Date: 08/28/2000

Publisher: MIT Press

Generations at Risk presents compelling evidence that human exposure to some toxic chemicals can have lifelong and even intergenerational effects on human reproduction and development. The result of a collaboration involving public health professionals, physicians, environmental educators, and policy advocates, this book examines how scientific, social,

Overview

Generations at Risk presents compelling evidence that human exposure to some toxic chemicals can have lifelong and even intergenerational effects on human reproduction and development. The result of a collaboration involving public health professionals, physicians, environmental educators, and policy advocates, this book examines how scientific, social, economic, and political systems may fail to protect us from environmental and occupational toxicants. It is an important sourcebook for those concerned about their own health and that of their loved ones, as well as for medical and public health workers, community activists, policymakers, and industrial decision makers.

Humans and ecosystems in the United States are subject to potential exposure to more than 75,000 synthetic chemicals, most of which are poorly tested or untested for human health effects. The authors focus on classes of chemicals that people may be exposed to at work, at home, and in their communities. These include toxic metals, organic solvents, pesticides, and endocrine disruptors. In addition to providing scientific information with which to assess the health risks of many chemicals, the book provides a guide to the current regulatory system and resources for action.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900262692471
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
08/28/2000
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
414

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi
Introduction xiii
I Understanding and Using the Science: Reproductive Physiology and Toxicology 1(48)
Reproductive and Developmental Physiology
3(18)
Hormones
4(1)
Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system
5(4)
The ovaries
9(1)
The testes
10(1)
Normal fetal development
10(2)
How toxicants can affect reproduction and development
12(5)
Principles of abnormal development
17(4)
The Role of Science in Public Health Decisions
21(28)
The scientific method and the issue of proof
21(6)
Animal toxicology
27(7)
Epidemiology
34(9)
Quantitative risk assessment
43(2)
Reexamining scientific tools
45(4)
II Reproductive and Developmental Effects of Selected Substances and Human Exposures 49(184)
Metals
51(22)
Lead
52(5)
Mercury
57(5)
Cadmium
62(4)
Arsenic
66(3)
Manganese
69(4)
Organic Solvents
73(34)
Reproductive and developmental effects in humans
75(8)
Solvent profiles
83(24)
Pesticides
107(44)
Active ingredients and "inerts"
108(1)
Pesticides fate and transport
109(3)
Exposure to pesticides
112(2)
Reproductive and developmental toxicity of pesticides
114(11)
Pesticide profiles
125(26)
Endocrine Disruptors
151(38)
Mechanisms of action
154(2)
Health effects of endocrine disruptors
156(13)
Endocrine disruptor profiles
169(20)
Human Exposures to Reproductive Toxicants
189(44)
Data sources relevant to human exposure
192(14)
Data relevant to human exposure to reproductive toxicants
206(24)
The relevance of exposure information
230(3)
III A Guide to Investigating Environmental Threats to Reproduction 233(84)
The Regulation of Hazardous Chemicals and Your Right to Know
235(30)
Regulatory responsibility
236(20)
Informed consent and the right-to-know
256(4)
Twentieth-century seminal events relating to toxic chemicals
260(5)
Taking Action: How to Assess Reproductive Threats at Home, in the Community, and in the Workplace
265(30)
Common routes of exposure
266(1)
Source of information
266(5)
Home survey to assess threats
271(10)
Community assessment
281(8)
Workplace assessment
289(4)
Consulting a physician
293(1)
Conclusion
294(1)
Primer for the Clinician
295(12)
The occupational and environmental history
295(4)
How to obtain more information
299(4)
Follow-up
303(2)
Further reading
305(2)
Reflections and Recommendations
307(10)
Science: fragmentation and political influence
309(1)
The soundness of science
310(1)
The right to know
311(1)
An integrated public health approach
312(1)
Redefining goals
313(4)
Appendix A Resource Guide 317(16)
Appendix B Reproductive Outcomes Associated with Chemical Exposures 333(4)
Notes 337(60)
Index 397

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