Pub. Date:
Brookes Publishing
Person-Centered Planning Made Easy: The PICTURE Method / Edition 1

Person-Centered Planning Made Easy: The PICTURE Method / Edition 1

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Improve people’s quality of life through

Planning for
Reinforcement and

For person-centered planning to succeed, people with intellectual and developmental disabilities need to live, work, and learn in their own communities. Professionals can make that happen with this book, a complete step-by-step guide to the easiest, most practical person-centered planning method available. Bringing professional services and interventions out of institutions and into natural environments, the research-supported PICTURE method

  • Promotes individual choice. Professionals will get to know people’s specific goals and interests, support them in developing “pictures” of their desired future, and design a solid plan that’ll help them get there.

  • Gets people out in the real world. PICTURE helps professionals support people’s goals in community settings, where they can form meaningful friendships and develop knowledge and skills that lead to more autonomy and life enjoyment.

  • Makes evaluation part of intervention. Continuous evaluation during the PICTURE process—using the objective, easy-to-use measurements included in the book—keeps professionals consistently informed about what is and isn’t working.

  • Is ready to use. With PICTURE, there’s no need to undergo additional training or purchase extra materials—everything’s already included in this single volume.

  • Welcomes the involvement of others. PICTURE helps professionals embrace the support of the person’s family and friends and encourage community members to participate in inclusion.

To make the PICTURE method easy to implement, this manual includes all the practical tools professionals need: a helpful troubleshooting guide and evaluation exercises, as well as worksheets on assessing quality of life, ensuring good teamwork, and overcoming barriers to person-centered planning. A must for every member of the person-centered planning team, this guidebook is key to helping people with disabilities picture—and achieve—lives that are more fulfilling, independent, and consistent with their goals and dreams.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781557668530
Publisher: Brookes Publishing
Publication date: 11/01/2006
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 128
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x 0.40(d)

About the Author

Steve Holburn, Ph.D., has focused his career on research and treatment of people with developmental disabilities and challenging behavior. He is best known for his work in the areas of clinical interventions for self-injurious air swallowing, reducing residential overregulation, and the effects of person-centered planning on problem behavior. After receiving a master's degree in clinical psychology at Ball State University in 1973, Dr. Holburn worked in a large residential setting until receiving his doctoral degree in special education from the University of New Mexico in 1984. His residential research included the areas of employee job satisfaction, evaluating the impact of standards for intermediate care facilities for people with mental retardation, and applied behavior analysis of self-injury. In 1993, Dr. Holburn assumed his position at the New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, where he has continued his interests in residential issues and is conducting research and treatment in the areas of person-centered planning, assistive technology, health promotion, and parents with cognitive disabilities. He is an active member of the American Association on Mental Retardation and the Association for Behavior Analysis as well as a consulting editor for Mental Retardation.

Anne Gordon is an educator and researcher at the New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities. She began her career as Director of the Early Childhood Direction Center of Staten Island and then moved on to become Director of the Staten Island Early Intervention Service Coordination Office. In those capacities, she assisted parents of children with developmental disabilities to connect to, and advocate for, early intervention and preschool special education services. She has conducted personcentered planning evaluation research on implementing person-centered planning with parents who have developmental disabilities, and young adults with autism, transitioning from high school to the adult world. In addition, Ms. Gordon conducts personcentered planning workshops to local and international audiences, focusing on implementing the approach within their existing structures. Ms. Gordon is a co-author of the Health Advocacy Program: An Activity-Based Curriculum for Adults with Developmental Disabilities and is the facilitator of the Staten Island Down Syndrome Parent Support Group. She is also the parent of a young adult with Down syndrome.

Peter M. Vietze, Ph.D., is a developmental psychologist and educator who received his doctoral degree from Wayne State University in 1969. After completing a postdoctoral fellowship at University of California, Berkeley, he joined the faculty of George Peabody College for Teachers in Nashville. There he conducted research on early learning, perception, and socialization in human infants. In 1976, he moved to the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), where he conducted research on infant motivation and social development. Dr. Vietze became the Head of the NICHD Mental Retardation Research Centers Program in 1980 and remained there until 1987, when he moved to his present position in New York. He is also a Professor at the City University of New York. Dr. Vietze has published more than 95 research articles, chapters, and reviews and is co-author or co-editor of seven books on infant development and developmental disabilities. He is known for developing new techniques for studying infants and for his work on the causes of child maltreatment. Most recently, Dr. Vietze has been involved in projects concerned with person-centered planning, parents with learning problems, and assistive technology.

Table of Contents

About the Authors
Robert Horner


I. About Person-Centered Planning and Picture

A Brief History of Person-Centered Planning: What is Person-Centered Planning and Where Did it Come From?
Goals of Person-Centered Planning
A Snapshot of the Person-Centered Planning Process
Bureaucratic Systems and Person-Centered Planning
A Comment About Language
Comparison of Clinical Problem Solving and Person-Centered Planning
How is the PICTURE Method Different?
Role of the Professional in PICTURE
When I Move into the Community, Who Will Be My Doctor?
A New Lifestyle Requires New Learning
Fostering Friendships
Role of Applied Behavior Analysis and Reinforcement
Building on Past Practices and Accomplishments
Assessing the Process and Outcomes
Eleven Principles of PICTURE
PICTURE Principles Checklist

II. A Step-By-Step Guide To Picture
Before You Begin: Keys to Success
Organizational Support
Qualities of a Powerful Team
An Effective Facilitator
Using Wall Charts
Consensus Building
Fidelity—Walking the Walk
Shifting Control to the Person
More Decisions = More Responsibility
What Does The Person Really Want?
Be Respectful
Take Periodic Quality Checks
Conducting the Meetings: A Step-by-Step Guide
Step 1: Get to Know the Person
Step 2: Develop Pictures of the Present and Future
Step 3: Plan a Better Future
Step 4: Implement the Plan

III. Using Evaluation to Improve the Picture
Evaluating the Person, Team, and Organization
The Person’s Experiences
Person-Centered Planning Team Process
Organizational Support
Exercises for the Planning Team
Planning Team Exercise 1: Taking a Look at Overall Quality of Lie
Planning Team Exercise 2: Increasing Community Participation
Planning Team Exercise 3: Keeping the Focus on the Person
Planning Team Exercise 4: Conducting a Person-Centered Planning Meeting
Planning Team Exercise 5: How Person-Centered Is Our Planning Team?
Planning Team Exercise 6: What Is Our Team Working Toward?
Exercises for the Management Team
Management Exercise 1: Creating a More Person-Centered Climate in Your Agency
Management Exercise 2: Removing Organizational Barriers to Person-Centered Outcomes
Management Exercise 3: Organizational Processes that Facilitate Quality of Life
Management Exercise 4: Increasing Organizational Capacity for Person-Centered Outcomes

IV. Tools To Use With Picture:
A Troubleshooter’s Guide, Questionnaires, and Worksheet

A Troubleshooter’s Guide: Issues of Principle
A Troubleshooter’s Guide: Organizational Issues
Person-Centered Planning Quality-of-Life Indicators
Community Activities Checklist
Decision-Making and Satisfaction Interview
Instructions and Assessment Criteria for Assessment of Person Centered Planning Facilitation Integrity
Assessment of Person-Centered Planning Facilitation Integrity
Instructions and Assessment Criteria for Assessment of Person Centered Planning Team Integrity
Assessment of Person-Centered Planning Team Integrity
Eleven Principles of PICTURE: What Is Our Team Working Toward?
Person-Centered Organizational Climate Survey
Barriers to Plan Implementation Form
The Relationship Between the Organization and Quality-of-Life Outcomes: Organizational Processes that Facilitate Quality of Life
Person-Centered Organizational Capacity Indicators: Increasing Organizational Capacity for Person-Centered Outcomes

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