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Alba House
Jesus Christ: Fundamentals of Christology

Jesus Christ: Fundamentals of Christology

by Roch A. Kereszty
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This revised and expanded second edition of Father Kereszty's widely used Christology text is equipped with recommended readings, study questions and updated bibliography. In dialogue with contemporary concerns and controversies, it presents a penetrating and integral approach to the mystery of Christ, with broad appeal to Roman Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox Christians alike. In it they will find an articulation of their common faith in Jesus, the Christ, true God and true man. Though written as a Christology text on the graduate level, the book should interest any educated reader who seeks to know Jesus.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780818909177
Publisher: Alba House
Publication date: 01/28/2002
Edition description: REV
Pages: 554
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.20(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

List of Abbreviationsxix
Biblical Abbreviationsxx
Part IChristology of the New Testament
Chapter IThe Method of Biblical Christology3
1.Critique of the "Liberal Quest," the "New Quest," and the "Third Quest" for the Historical Jesus5
2.Reflections on the Method of Historiography in General15
3.A Theological History of Jesus19
4.The Historical Foundations of Faith in Jesus22
a.The criterion of double dissimilarity25
b.The criterion of embarrassment26
c.The personal style of Jesus27
d.Multiple attestation28
e.The criterion of necessary explanation29
Chapter IIThe Death and Resurrection of Jesus32
A.The Crucifixion of Jesus33
B.The Resurrection34
a.The earliest kerygma of the resurrection in Paul's interpretation (1 Cor 15:3-8)34
b.The resurrection narratives in the Gospels and Acts42
(1)The appearance narratives42
(2)The empty tomb narratives46
2.Historical Facts Connected with the Origin of Faith in the Resurrection48
3.Hypotheses Denying Any Form of Resurrection50
4.Various Interpretations of the Resurrection of Jesus54
5.The Resurrection in Fundamental Theology65
a.The epistemological question regarding the appearances65
b.The credibility of the resurrection68
Chapter IIIThe Beginning of the Gospel72
1.The Virginal Conception of Jesus72
2."The brothers and sisters of Jesus"77
3.The Holy Family81
4.Is Jesus "the Son of David"?85
5.The twelve-year-old Jesus in the Temple87
6."The private life of Jesus" before his public ministry90
Chapter IVJesus and the Kingdom93
1.The baptism of Jesus by John93
2.The temptations of Jesus98
3.The outline of the public ministry of Jesus104
4.The message of Jesus: the reign of God is at hand106
5.The miracles of Jesus110
a.The phenomenon of the miracle in the public ministry of Jesus110
b.Historical foundations for the miracle accounts113
c.Theological and philosophical considerations115
6.The multiplication of loaves: a turning point in the ministry of Jesus?118
Chapter VThe Kingdom and the Death of Jesus121
1."Get behind me, Satan!"121
2.The Last Supper and the Kingdom124
3.The sacrifice of the Servant126
4."My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"130
5.Foretelling his resurrection?130
6.The Kingdom and the end of this world132
7.The implicit Christology of Jesus136
Chapter VIThe Understanding of the Mystery of Christ in the Apostolic Church148
A."According to the Scriptures"150
1."In all the Scriptures" (Lk 24:27)150
2.The Suffering Servant of Yahweh153
3.The Son of Man155
4.Jesus the new eschatological Israel157
5.Jesus as High Priest and Perfect Sacrifice158
6.Jesus the Messiah161
7.Jesus as son of Adam and the last Adam163
8.Jesus as the final and complete theophany of God164
9.The unexpected newness of the New Testament168
B.Jesus as "Lord," "Son of God," and "God"169
1.Jesus is Lord169
2.Jesus is the Son of God176
3.Jesus is God181
4.The value of the Old Testament for the contemporary Christian183
Part IIHistorical Christology
Introduction: Patristic Christology189
1.The character and significance of patristic Christology189
2.The relationship between Christianity and non-Christian religions191
Chapter IThe Soteriology of the Fathers196
a.The metaphysical foundation of redemption200
b.Christ as mediator201
c."He who descended is the very one who ascended"203
d."Admirabile commercium"204
e.Redemption as victory and deliverance209
f.Redemption as sacrifice212
g.Christ as Teacher and Example214
h.Redemption as uniting all creation to God217
Chapter IIThe Christology of the Fathers222
1.Docetism and Gnosticism223
5.Christological development in the West232
6.The School of Alexandria235
7.The School of Antioch236
8.The Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon (431, 451)240
9.The Second and Third Councils of Constantinople (553, 680-681)248
Chapter IIIMedieval Christology251
1.St. Bernard of Clairvaux251
2.St. Anselm of Canterbury256
3.St. Thomas260
Chapter IVChristology of the Reformation267
2.John Calvin278
3.Liberal Protestant Christology284
Chapter VProtestant Christologies in the Twentieth Century299
1.Crisis Theology299
2.Rudolph Bultmann300
3.Karl Barth306
4.Dietrich Bonhoeffer316
Part IIISystematic Christology
Introduction: The Unity of the Mystery of Christ327
Chapter ISin as a Threefold Alienation331
2.The punishment of sin336
3.The need for redemption339
4.Why redemption through the death of God's Incarnate Son?340
Chapter IIThe Mystery of the Incarnation343
1.The Old Testament: God entering into solidarity with humankind through Israel343
2.A new stage in solidarity with humankind: God has become a human being344
3.The immanent Trinity as the metaphysical condition for divine freedom in the incarnation347
4.The feminist critique of the Christian mysteries349
a.Historical considerations350
b.Systematic considerations353
5.The ontological aspect of the hypostatic union358
6.The psychological aspect of the hypostatic union361
7.The intelligibility of the incarnation as a mystery of Trinitarian love368
8.The incarnation as an existential process372
a.The Word becoming a human being373
b.Jesus the human being "becoming God"375
Chapter IIIThe Humanity of the Son378
1.What does it mean for all of us that the Son has taken on human nature as his own?378
2.Why human nature?379
3.Why only one incarnation?382
4.Why has the Son assumed our fallen nature?385
5.The human knowledge of Jesus389
a.The common human knowledge of Jesus389
b.Jesus' knowledge of God390
6.The human will of the Son393
Chapter IVRedemption as Assumption of Humankind into Trinitarian Communion397
1.The role of the Father397
2.The role of the incarnate Son401
a.The unique character of the suffering of Jesus401
b.In Jesus God himself died for us403
c.The self-giving of Jesus to God on the cross as the reversal of our alienation404
d.The sacrifice of Jesus406
e.The sacrifice of Christ as satisfaction409
3.The role of the Holy Spirit in redemption415
4.The final goal of our redemption420
5.The "redemption" of the material world425
Chapter VThe Universal Significance of Christ in the Context of Other Religions430
1.What can the history of religions tell us about the significance of Christian revelation?431
2.What does Christian revelation say about its own place among other religions?437
3.How can we accept Christ as the fullness of God's revelation and universal Savior?439
Chapter VIChrist and Possible Other Universes and Extraterrestrial Intelligent Beings442
1.Biblical-historical considerations443
a.Concerning other universes443
b.Concerning intelligent extraterrestrial beings443
2.Systematic considerations446
AppendixRelationship Between Anthropology and Christology454
St. Bernard, A Teacher For Our Age454
I.The Universality of Salvation and the Structure of Salvation History456
II.The Misery of Fallen Man: The Threefold Alienation458
III.The Descent of God and the First Phase of Man's Redemption461
IV.The Mystery of Redemption: Liberation, Satisfaction, Sacrifice, Buying Man Back at a Precious Price467
V.The Ascension of Christ and Man's Ascension472
Conclusions: The Importance of St. Bernard's Christology for Our Age480
Reader's Guide: How To Use the Book for Different Purposes485

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