Legal and economic factors have thrust American archaeology into a period of intellectual and methodological unrest. Issues such as reburial and repatriation, land and resource "ownership," and the integration of tradition and science have long divided archaeologists and Native American communities. Both groups recognize the need for a dramatic transformation of the discipline into one that appeals to and serves the greater public. This book tackles these and other issues by elucidating successful strategies for collaboration. It includes detailed discussions of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), enacted in 1990 in effort to legislatively redefine ownership of cultural items. Perspectives range from Native American representatives from tribes throughout the U.S., professional archaeologists and anthropologists working for tribes, federal and state agency representatives, museum specialists, and private archaeology and anthropology consultants. Published in cooperation with the Society for American Archaeology.
Table of Contents
chapter 1 Foreword: Living Human Values by William V. Tallbull and Sherri Deaver chapter 2 Preface and Acknowledgements chapter 3 Introduction chapter 4 I:Historical Overview chapter 5 1.Archaeologists-Native American Relations by Alan S. Downer chapter 6 II:Changing the Paradigms chapter 7 2.Return of the Sacred: Spirituality and the Scientific Imperative by Gary White Deer chapter 8 3.Remythologizing the Relationship Between Indians and Archaeologists by Larry J. Zimmerman chapter 9 4. Who Owns the Past? by G. Peter Jemison chapter 10 5.Indigenous Rights and Archaeology by Rebecca Tsosie chapter 11 6.Native American Oral Tradition and Archaeology: Issues of Structure, Relevance, and Respect by Roger Anyon, T.J. Ferguson, Loretta Jackson, Lillie Lane, and Phillip Vicenti chapter 12 7.Forging a New Ancient History for Native America by Roger Echo-Hawk chapter 13 III: The Integration of Tradition and Science chapter 14 8.Straddling the Current: A View From the Bridge Over Clear Salt Water by Leonard A. Forsman chapter 15 9.The Integration of Tradition and Scientific Knowledge on the Leech Lake Reservation by Rose Kluth and Kathy Munnell chapter 16 10.In Front of the Mirror: Native Americans and Academic Archaeology by Dorothy Lippert chapter 17 11.How Traditional Navajos View Historic Preservation: A Question of Interpretation by Rena Martin chapter 18 12.Hualapai Tradition, Religion, and the Role of Cultural Resource Management by Loretta Jackson and Robert H. ("Hank") Stevens chapter 19 13.A Me-Wuk Perspective on Sierran Archaeology by Reba Fuller chapter 20 IV: Relevance of Archaeology to Tribes chapter 21 14.Straight Talk and Trust by Cecile Elkins Carter chapter 22 15.The Role of Archaeology in the Seminole Tribe of Florida by Billy L. Cypress chapter 23 16.The Role of Archaeology on Indian Lands: The Navajo Nation by Richard M. Begay chapter 24 17.Protecting Cultural Resources on the Umatilla Indian Reservation by Jeffrey Van Pelt, Michael S. Burney, and Tom Bailor chapter 25 18.Changing Native American Perceptions of Archaeology and Archaeologists by John C. Ravesloot chapter 26 V: A Look at Consultation chapter 27 19. Aspects of Consultation for the Central Sierran Me-Wuk by Reba Fuller 20. Federal Archaeology: Tribes, Diatribes, and Tribulations by Kurt E. Dongoske and Roger Anyon chapter 28 21.Issues in Intertribal Consultation by Nina Swidler and Janet Cohen chapter 29 22.Compliance, Preservation, and Native American Rights: Resource Management as a Cooperative Venture by Robert L. Brooks chapter 30 23.The Seeds of Common Ground: Experimentations in Indian Consultation by David G. Rice chapter 31 24.Tribal Consultation in the National Park Service: A Personal Perspective chapter 32 VI: Commentary chapter 33 25.Native Americans and Archaeologists: Commentary and Personal Perspectives by T.J. Ferguson, Joe Watkins, and Gordon L. Pullar chapter 34 References chapter 35 About the Authors chapter 36 Index