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Local Elections and the Politics of Small-Scale Democracy
     

Local Elections and the Politics of Small-Scale Democracy

by J. Eric Oliver
 

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ISBN-10: 0691143560

ISBN-13: 9780691143569

Pub. Date: 07/22/2012

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Local government is the hidden leviathan of American politics: it accounts for nearly a tenth of gross domestic product, it collects nearly as much in taxes as the federal government, and its decisions have an enormous impact on Americans' daily lives. Yet political scientists have few explanations for how people vote in local elections, particularly in the

Overview

Local government is the hidden leviathan of American politics: it accounts for nearly a tenth of gross domestic product, it collects nearly as much in taxes as the federal government, and its decisions have an enormous impact on Americans' daily lives. Yet political scientists have few explanations for how people vote in local elections, particularly in the smaller cities, towns, and suburbs where most Americans live. Drawing on a wide variety of data sources and case studies, this book offers the first comprehensive analysis of electoral politics in America's municipalities.

Arguing that current explanations of voting behavior are ill suited for most local contests, Eric Oliver puts forward a new theory that highlights the crucial differences between local, state, and national democracies. Being small in size, limited in power, and largely unbiased in distributing their resources, local governments are "managerial democracies" with a distinct style of electoral politics. Instead of hinging on the partisanship, ideology, and group appeals that define national and state elections, local elections are based on the custodial performance of civic-oriented leaders and on their personal connections to voters with similarly deep community ties. Explaining not only the dynamics of local elections, Oliver's findings also upend many long-held assumptions about community power and local governance, including the importance of voter turnout and the possibilities for grassroots political change.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691143569
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
07/22/2012
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
234
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix
Introduction 1
Chapter 1 Size, Scope, and Bias: What Differentiates
Local Electoral Politics? 12
Chapter 2 Who Votes in Local Elections? 53
Chapter 3 Who Runs for Local Office? 87
Chapter 4 Systematic versus Idiosyncratic Factors in Local Elections 116
Chapter 5 What Influences Local Voters’
Electoral Choices? 149
Chapter 6 Rethinking Local Democracy 183
References 209
Index 215

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