ISBN-10:
0813338859
ISBN-13:
2900813338858
Pub. Date:
07/28/2001
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Concise History Of The Middle East: Seventh Edition / Edition 7

Concise History Of The Middle East: Seventh Edition / Edition 7

by Arthur Goldschmidt

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900813338858
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 07/28/2001
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 520
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Arthur Goldschmidt Jr., is Professor Emeritus of Middle East History at Pennsylvania State University. He is (with Lawrence Davidson) the author of A Concise History of the Middle East, Eighth Edition , and is the author as well of Modern Egypt: Foundation of a Nation-State, Second Edition . He is the recipient of the Amoco Foundation Award for Outstanding Teaching and the 2000 Middle East Studies Association Mentoring Award.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsxi
Prefacexiii
1Introduction1
What Is History?1
Then and Now, There and Here4
The Physical Setting6
Some Descriptive Geography7
Conclusion10
2The Middle East Before Muhammad15
A Minimum of Antiquity16
Persia and Rome16
The Arabs21
Conclusion27
3The Prophet of Mecca29
Muhammad's Early Life29
The Emigration (Hijrah)34
Assessment40
4What Is Islam?43
Basic Beliefs43
The Five Pillars of Islam46
Conclusion50
5The Early Arab Conquests51
The Succession Issue51
The Initial Conquests53
The Beginnings of Islamic Government55
Dissension in the Ummah57
Changes in the Government of Islam60
Conclusion66
6The High Caliphate67
Restoration of the Umayyad Order68
The Downfall of the Umayyads72
The Abbasid Caliphate73
The Decline of the Abbasids79
Conclusion80
7Shi'is and Turks, Crusaders and Mongols81
Shi'i Islam in Power82
The Turks87
The Crusades92
The Mongol Invasion96
Conclusion98
8Islamic Civilization99
The Rules and Laws of Islam100
Development of Jurisprudence100
Islamic Society106
Importance of Family Life108
Intellectual Life111
Theology113
Conclusion118
9Firearms, Slaves, and Empires119
The Mamluks120
The Mongol Il-Khanids124
The Religious Issue124
Gunpowder Technology128
The Ottoman Empire129
Persia under the Safavids142
Conclusion145
10European Interests and Imperialism147
Ottoman Weakness148
The European Powers and the Eastern Question150
Conclusion157
11Westernizing Reform in the Nineteenth Century159
Egypt161
Westernization of the Ottoman Empire165
Persia under the Qajars170
Some Afterthoughts172
12The Rise of Nationalism175
Egyptian Nationalism177
Ottomanism, Pan-Islam, and Turkism184
Nationalism in Persia188
Conclusion191
13The Roots of Arab Bitterness193
Arab Nationalism193
World War I200
The Postwar Peace Settlement206
Conclusion and Summary210
14Modernizing Rulers in the Independent States211
Turkey: Phoenix from the Ashes212
From Persia to Iran223
The Rise of Saudi Arabia230
Conclusion236
15Egypt's Struggle for Independence239
Britain's Role in Egypt239
The Egyptian Revolution252
A Strange Ending255
16The Contest for Palestine257
Origins257
Prefatory Remarks259
The Beginnings of Political Zionism261
Britain and the Palestine Problem265
Conclusion278
17Israel's Rebirth and the Rise of Arab Nationalism279
Israel's War for Independence280
The War's Aftermath284
The Arab Countries287
Israel's Early Years245
Middle Eastern Oil249
The Great Powers and the Arab World300
Conclusion313
18War and the Quest for Peace317
The June 1967 War318
The Palestinians323
Abortive Peace Efforts325
Political Changes: 1967-1970327
Danger Signs in the Middle East333
The October (Yom Kippur) War337
The War's Aftermath340
Lebanon: The Arena for a New Arab Struggle345
The Road to Camp David348
Conclusion352
19The Reassertion of Islamic Power355
Prefatory Remarks on Islam and Politics357
The Iranian Revolution358
The Struggle for Gulf Supremacy367
The Retreat from Camp David371
Western Policy Formation and Islamic Polity382
20The Gulf War and the Peace Proces385
The Present in Historical Perspective386
The Gulf War386
Operation Desert Storm393
Palestinians and the Peace Process395
Whither Islam?404
A Parting Message406
Chronology409
Glossary425
Bibliographic Essay457
Index485

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