ISBN-10:
1466513330
ISBN-13:
9781466513334
Pub. Date:
07/11/2013
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions / Edition 1

Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions / Edition 1

by Sergio Capareda

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781466513334
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 07/11/2013
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 645
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents

Biomass as Energy Source
Introduction
US Energy Use and Needs
Biomass Energy Usage and Overall Energy Needs in OtherCountries
Future of Agriculture
Advantages and Disadvantages in Use of Biomass as EnergySource
Sources of Biomass Available for Energy Use
Units and Conversions
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Biomass Conversion Processes
Introduction
Overview of Biomass Conversion Processes
Chemical Conversion Processes
Biological Conversion Processes
Thermal Conversion Processes
Hybrid Conversion Processes
Applications of Biomass Conversion Products
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Biomass Properties for Thermal Conversion
Introduction
Physical Properties of Biomass
Important Thermal Related Properties
Other Standard Methods for Biomass Analysis
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Biomass Properties for Biological Conversion
Introduction
Properties of Biomass Important for Biological Conversion
Standard Methods for Analysis and Examples
Summary of ASTM Procedures for Compositional Analysis
Biomass Pretreatment
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Biodiesel Production
Introduction
Available Oil Production in United States
Vegetable Oil and Animal Fat Characteristics
Fatty Acid Composition
Other Basic Oil Properties
Oil Extraction Processes
Oil Refining Processes
Transesterification
ASTM Characterization
Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions
Design of Biodiesel Plants in United States
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Bioethanol Production
Introduction
Sugar Crops
Starchy Crops
Cellulosic Biomass
Biomass Pretreatment Processes
Household- and Village-Level Ethanol Production Systems
Pilot-Scale Ethanol Production Systems
Cellulosic Ethanol Studies
Commercial Cellulosic Ethanol Plants in United States
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Biogas Production
Introduction
Biomass/Waste Parameters Important in Anaerobic Digestion
Acid- and Methane-Forming Microbes
Advantages and Disadvantages of Anaerobic DigestionProcesses
Biogas Conversion Process and Digester Designs
First- and Second-Generation Biogas Digesters
Design of Biogas Digester
Biogas Utilization
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Torrefaction
Introduction
Bio-Physico-Chemical Changes in Biomass duringTorrefaction
Torrefaction Products
Physical Properties of Torrefied Biomass
Comparison between Torrefied Biomass versusPelleted Biomass
Thermal Gravimetric Analysis Studies of Biomass
Chemical Composition Changes during Torrefactionof Biomass
Advantages and Disadvantages of Torrefaction Process
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Pyrolysis
Introduction
Various Pyrolysis Processes Based on Heating Rates
Effects of Temperature on Product Yields from Pyrolysisof Microalgae
Applications of Products from Fast Pyrolysis
Bio-Oil Characterization Processes
Bio-Oil Upgrade Processes
Studies on Pyrolysis of Various Biomass Resources
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Gasification
Introduction
Chemistry of Biomass Gasification
Various Types of Gasifiers
Applications of Biomass Gasifiers
Gasifier TDR and Throughput
Gasification Studies at TAMU
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Advanced Gasification
Introduction
Determining Average Particle Size of Bed Material
Minimum Fluidizing Velocity, Terminal Velocity, andPressure Drop in Fluidized Bed Reactors
Operation of 0.3048 Fluidized Bed Gasifier
Designing Dimensions of Fluidized Bed Gasifier
Designing Dimensions of Series Cyclone CharRemoval System
Direct Use of Synthesis Gas for Heat and Steam Production
Electrical Power Production from Fluidized Bed Gasification
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Biomass Liquefaction
Introduction
Indirect Liquefaction Processes
Direct Liquefaction Processes
Other Biomass Liquefaction Processes
Advantages and Disadvantages of Biomass LiquefactionProcesses
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Biomass Combustion
Introduction
Types of Biomass Combustion Systems
Co-Combustion of Biomass and Co-Firing with Coal
Power Generation Case Studies in United States
Slagging and Fouling Issues with Agricultural Biomass
Determining Eutectic (or Melting) Point of Biomass AshPellets
Applications of Biomass Combustion Systems
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings

Biomass Sustainability Issues
Introduction
Well-to-Wheel Approach
Discussions of Software and Programs for LCA and RelatedBiomass Analysis
Biofuel Economics
Sustainability of Biofuels Production
Conclusion
Problems and Discussion Issues
References
Further Readings
Appendix A: Appropriate Units and Conversion Used
Appendix B: Glossary of Terms in Biomass Conversion Processes
Index

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