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Border Law: The First Seminole War and American Nationhood

Border Law: The First Seminole War and American Nationhood

by Deborah A. RosenDeborah A. Rosen
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The First Seminole War of 1816–1818 played a critical role in shaping how the United States demarcated its spatial and legal boundaries during the early years of the republic. Rooted in notions of American exceptionalism, manifest destiny, and racism, the legal framework that emerged from the war laid the groundwork for the Monroe Doctrine, the Dred Scott decision, and U.S. westward expansion over the course of the nineteenth century, as Deborah Rosen explains in Border Law.

When General Andrew Jackson’s troops invaded Spanish-ruled Florida in the late 1810s, they seized forts, destroyed towns, and captured or killed Spaniards, Britons, Creeks, Seminoles, and African-descended people. As Rosen shows, Americans vigorously debated these aggressive actions and raised pressing questions about the rights of wartime prisoners, the use of military tribunals, the nature of sovereignty, the rules for operating across territorial borders, the validity of preemptive strikes, and the role of race in determining legal rights. Proponents of Jackson’s Florida campaigns claimed a place for the United States as a member of the European diplomatic community while at the same time asserting a regional sphere of influence and new rules regarding the application of international law.

American justifications for the incursions, which allocated rights along racial lines and allowed broad leeway for extraterritorial action, forged a more unified national identity and set a precedent for an assertive foreign policy.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674967618
Publisher: Harvard
Publication date: 04/06/2015
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 328
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Deborah Rosen is Professor of History at Lafayette College.

Table of Contents

List of Maps ix

Introduction 1

1 U.S.-Spanish Relations and the Florida Campaigns 11

2 Rules of War and American Nation-Building 40

3 Challenges and Conflicts 72

4 Creeks, Seminoles, and Indian Wars 102

5 Civilization and Nationhood 123

6 Race and Territoriality 158

7 Military Tribunals and Rule of Law 185

Conclusion 208

Appendix 223

Abbreviations 229

Notes 231

Acknowledgments 303

Index 305

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