Borg's Perceived Exertion and Pain Scales

Borg's Perceived Exertion and Pain Scales

by Gunnar Borg

Paperback(New Edition)


Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780880116237
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
Publication date: 01/28/1998
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 104
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x 0.28(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Gunnar Borg, PhD, introduced the field of perceived exertion during the latter part of the 1950s. Since then, he has won international renown for his work in developing methods for measuring perceived exertion and pain. His method for measuring perceived exertion is the main method used in the field, and his new scale, the Borg CR10 scale, is used for measuring both perceived exertion and pain, and other subjective magnitudes.

He is the author of Physical Performance and Perceived Exertion, the book that introduced the field of perception. He also is coauthor of "The relation between neural and perceptual intensity: A comparative study on the neural and psychophysical response to taste stimuli," published in the Journal of Physiology in 1967. The article is fundamental to the science of psychophysiology. It marked the first time that perceptual magnitudes could be correlated directly to afferent neurophysiological responses of human beings. Another fundamental contribution is Borg's Range Model, which provides basic principles for determinations of "absolute" levels of intensity and how inter-individual and intermodal comparisons can be done.

Borg has organized and served as chair for numerous international symposia in the field of perception. He lectures worldwide, particularly in the United States, Canada, and Japan. He was nominated for the Australian Prize by the American College of Sports Medicine for research in the field of perception with applications for the benefit of mankind.

Currently professor emeritus of perception and psychophysics at Stockholm University, Borg's educational background encompasses the fields of psychology, philosophy, education, physiology, and sports. Borg was an associate professor at the Medical School in Umea, Sweden, from 1962 to 1968, during which time he also served as director of the laboratory for clinical psychology at the Umea Hospital. He was professor of perception and psychophysics at Stockholm University from 1987 to 1994.

Borg was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy for Engineering Sciences in 1970. The following year, the King of Sweden awarded Borg the title of Professor. Borg is a member of the International Association of Applied Psychology, the International Association for the Study of Pain, and the International Society for Psychophysics.

Borg and his wife Yvonne live in Rimbo, Sweden. His leisure activities include tennis, golf, skiing, and "walk-and-talk."

Table of Contents

Part I. Overview and History
Chapter 1. Perceived Exertion

-Developing the Concept

-Early Perceived Exertion Studies

-The Three Effort Continua

-Defining Perceived Exertion
Chapter 2. Pain

-Defining Pain

-Special Aspects of Pain
Chapter 3. Measuring Perceived Exertion and Pain

-The Borg RPE and CR10 Scales

-When to Use the Scales

-What Scale to Use

-Some Misuses of the Scale to Avoid
Part II. Principles of Scaling and Using the Borg Scales
Chapter 4. Psychophysical Scaling

-Ratio Scaling

-Interindividual and Other Interprocess Comparisons
Chapter 5. The Borg RPE Scale

-Construction of the Scale

-Reliability of the Scale

-Validity of the Scale
Chapter 6. The Borg CR10 Scale

-Construction of the Scale

-Reliability of the Scale

-Validity of the Scale
Chapter 7. Administration of the Borg Scales

-General Principles

-The Borg RPE Scale

-The Borg CR10 Scale
Part III. Applications of the Scaling Methods
Chapter 8. Perceived Exertion in Working Capacity Tests

-Aerobic Exercise Testing and RPE

-Anaerobic Exercise Testing and RPE

-Estimating Maximal and Resting Heart Rates

-The Simple Run or Walk Test
Chapter 9. Scaling Pain and Related Subjective Somatic Symptoms

-Evaluating Symptoms and Pain

-Scaling Pain With the Borg CR10 Scale
Chapter 10. External, Physiological, and Psychological Factors and Perceived Exertion

-The Environment

-Nutrition and Drugs

-Physiological Factors

-Psychological Factors

-Weighing All the Factors
Chapter 11. Applying the Scales to Training and Rehabilitation

-Mode of Exercise

-Frequency and Duration of Exercise

-Intensity of Exercise

-Short-Term Exercise and Muscular Training

-Long-Term Exercise Regulation

Chapter 12. Ergonomics and Epidemiology


-Epidemiological Intensity Evaluations
Chapter 13. Perceived Exertion and Sports

-Short-Term Maximal Effort

-Long-Term Maximal Effort

-Short-Term Submaximal Effort

-Long-Term Submaximal Effort

-Sports With Mixed Efforts of Varying Duration
About the Author

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