Born to Talk: An Introduction to Speech and Language Development / Edition 5

Born to Talk: An Introduction to Speech and Language Development / Edition 5

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Born to Talk: An Introduction to Speech and Language Development / Edition 5

In a new fifth edition that offers exciting expansions and updates, Born to Talk continues to provide students of all levels with a contemporary and comprehensive view of speech and language development in a reader-friendly and interactive manner. Structured to reflect the actual development of language in a child, this engaging text introduces readers to research-based information on the nature of human communication, theories of language and cognitive development, the anatomy and physiology of speech, milestones of language and literacy, cultural and linguistic diversity in language acquisition, and speech and language disorders.

The revised edition of Born to Talk includes up-to-date research on the impact of parent-child interactions, language samples from one child across the first 3 years, and emergent literacy in preschool. The revision also expands on the acquisition of the speech sound system and brings an integrated perspective of childhood language disorders through case examples.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780205627523
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 02/09/2010
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 480
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Chapter 1 A Connection of Brains 1

Separate but Related Processes 3

The Unique Characteristics of Human Speech 6

Speech: The Tale of Two Brains 19

Web Sites to Explore 22

Review Questions 22

References and Suggested Readings 22

Chapter 2 Language Acquisition: A Theoretical Journey 24

Evidence of Biological and Environmental Influences on Language Learning 26

A Review: The Major Theories of Language Acquisition 33

Web Sites to Explore 57

Review Questions 57

References and Suggested Readings 58

Chapter 3 Cognitive Development: Building a Foundation for Language 64

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development 66

Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development: A Sociocultural Perspective 90

Dynamic Systems Theory 97

The Perceptual Groundwork for Communication 99

Executive Functions 105

Web Sites to Explore 109

Review Questions 109

References and Suggested Readings 110

Chapter 4 In the Beginning: Communication Development from Birth to 2 Years 116

From the Beginning, the Infant Communicates 117

Ready to Receive Language: Perception and Comprehension of Words 138

Ready to Speak: Expressive Growth in Infancy 142

The Development of Communication Functions: Using Communication to Get Things Done 146

Beyond Infancy: The Emergence of Language 151

Early Syntactic Development: A Stage Model 158

Early Stage 1 (MLU: 1.0 to 1.5; Age: 12 to 22 Months) 160

Late Stage 1: Syntactic Development-Words to Word Combinations (MLU: 1.5 to 2.0; Age: 22 to 26 Months) 160

Comprehension and Production: A Critical and Evolving Relationship 166

The Role of the Caregiver in the Acquisition of Early Language 168

Social Routines Involving Literacy: Songs, Rhymes, and Stories 170

Stage 1: A Brief Look Back and a Glimpse Forward 174

Web Sites to Explore 174

Review Questions 176

References and Suggested Readings 176

Chapter 5 The Saga Continues: Language Development Through the Preschool Years 186

Stage 2: Elaborating Structure and Refining Meaning 187

Stage 3: Producing Longer, More Adultlike Sentences 201

Stage 4: Elaboration with Phrases and Clauses 208

Stage 5: Polishing the Act 215

The Role of Comprehension and Production in Language Development 225

Web Sites to Explore 232

Review Questions 232

References and Suggested Readings 233

Chapter 6 Taking Language to School and into Adulthood 240

Semantic Development 242

Syntax and Morphology 253

Pragmatics, Conversation, and Narratives 261

Metalinguistic Development During the School Years 274

Learning to Read and Write 277

Language in Adulthood 291

And the Beat Goes On 295

Web Sites to Explore 295

Review Questions 296

References and Suggested Readings 297

Chapter 7 The Building Blocks of Speech 309

Describing Speech Sounds 310

Early Development of Speech Sounds 314

Later Development of Speech Sounds 318

Coarticulation and Suprasegmental Aspects of Speech Production 325

The Roles of Biology, Cognition, and Social Interaction in Phonological Development 327

Web Sites to Explore 328

Review Questions 328

References and Suggested Readings 329

Chapter 8 Language Diversity: Regional and Social/Cultural Differences 332

Dialects and Accents 334

Regional Dialects 335

Social/Cutural Dialects 339

The Changing Face of America and Bilingual Language Development 351

Bilingualism 352

Cognition, Language, and Literacy Development 356

The Optimal Age of Second Language Learning 359

A Closer Look at Simultaneous Bilingualism 362

A Closer Look at Successive or Sequential Bilingualism 365

Stages of Language Development in Bilingual Children 367

Cultural Diversity in the Public Schools 371

Web Sites to Explore 377

Review Questions 377

References and Suggested Readings 378

Chapter 9 Speech and Language Disorders in the Home, School, and Community 387

Causes and Types of Communication Disorders 390

Interrelationships of Speech and Language Disorders 399

Speech Disorders 403

Summary 408

Final Thoughts 408

Web Sites to Explore 408

Review Questions 409

References and Suggested Readings 409

Appendix: The Anatomical and Physiological Bases of Speech, Language, and Hearing 415

Speech as the Product of Borrowed Structures 416

The Four Processes Speech 447

Respiration 418

Phonation 423

Resonation 429

Articulation 430

The Four Processes in Review 432

The Brain: The Computer Center for Speech and Language 432

The Ear: An Energy Transformer 438

The Complete Speech and Language Machine 442

Web Sites to Explore 443

Review Questions 443

References and Suggested Readings 443

Name Index 446

Subject Index 456

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