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Prentice Hall
Born to Talk: An Introduction to Speech and Language Development / Edition 1

Born to Talk: An Introduction to Speech and Language Development / Edition 1

by Lloyd M. Hulit, Merle R. Howard


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This authoritative introduction to language development offers a stage-by-stage description of how human speech and language are acquired over the course of the early childhood years, and how they are changed and diversified by the influences of gender, geography, and culture. Rather than discuss speech and language components as separate, individual elements, these authors strive to give students a "real time" sense of speech acquisition and language growth as it happens, at every stage of development. They organize information on morphology, syntax, phonology, semantics, and pragmatics around general stages of language development as described by Roger Brown...thus emphasizing the integration and interaction of components, rather than their individual characteristics. In addition, the book also explores similarities and differences between human speech and the communication systems of other species, discusses the anatomy and physiology of the physical speech mechanism, and addresses the nature of communication disorders. For professionals working in the fields of audiology, speech-language pathology, or deaf education.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780675221559
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Publication date: 12/28/1992
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 400

About the Author

Kathleen Fahey, Ph.D. is Professor Emeritus at the University of Northern Colorado. She is a speech-language pathologist with 36 years experience in the assessment and intervention of childhood speech, language and literacy disorders. Her areas of expertise include development and disorders of articulation and phonology, early language, and school-age language and literacy. She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in a traditional and online format.

Table of Contents

All Chapters end with “Review Questions,” “References” and “Suggested Readings.”

1. A Connection of Brains.
Separate but Related Processes.
The Unique Characteristics of Human Speech.
Speech: The Tale of Two Brains.

2. Language Acquisition—A Theoretical Journey.
Choosing Sides.
The Behaviorist Interpretation.
The Nativist Interpretation.
The Generative Semantics Interpretation.
The Cognitive Interpretation.
The Information processing Interpretation.
The Pragmatics Revolution.
The Social Interactionist Interpretation.
And the Evolution Continues.

3. Cognitive Development—Building a Foundation for Language.
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive.
Development: A Sociocultural Perspective.
The Perceptual Groundwork for Communication.

4. In the Beginning—Communication Development from Birth to Two Years.
From the Beginning ...The Infant Communicates.
Beyond Infancy: The Emergence of Language.
Stage One: From Words to Combinations of Words.
Comprehension and Production: A Critical and Evolving Relationship.
The Role of the Caregiver in the Acquisition of Early Language.
Stage One: A Brief Look Back and a Glimpse Forward.

5. The Saga Continues—Language Development Through the Preschool Years.
Stage Two: Elaborating Structure and Refining Meaning.
Stage Three: Producing Longer, More Adult-Like Sentences.
Stage Four: Elaboration by Embedding.
Stage Five: Polishing the Act.
Understanding Language: Cognition, Comprehension, and Production.

6. Taking Language to School and Into Adulthood.
Bringing My Stuff to School: Pencils, Crayons, and Language.
Language Development During the School Years: An Overview.
Semantics: Vocabulary and Cognition Still Growing Together.
Syntax and Morphology: Still Expanding and Acquiring.
Pragmatic Development: Conversational Skills Continue to Improve Metalinguistic. Development During the School Years.
Reading and Writing: New Applications of Language.
Adult Language.
And the Beat Goes On...

7. The Building Blocks of Speech.
Describing Speech Sounds.
Co-Articulation: The Mix of Sounds in the Making of Speech.
The Landmarks of Phonological Development.
Theories of Phonological Development.

8. Language Diversity—Regional, Social/Cultural, and Gender Differences.
What is a Dialect?
What is an Accent?
Regional Dialects.
Social/Cultural Dialects.
Gender Differences in Language.

9. Speech and Language Disorders.
Falling Short of Normal Communication.
Phonological Disorders.
Language Impairments.
Voice Disorders.
Fluency Disorders.
Final Thoughts.

Appendix: The Anatomical and Physiological Bases of Speech, Language, and Hearing.
Speech as the Product of Borrowed Structures.
The Four Processes of Speech.
The Four Processes in review.
The Brain: The Computer Center for Speech and Language.
The Ear: An Energy Transformer.
The Complete Speech and Language Machine.

Name Index.

Subject Index.

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