Fifty years agoon April 26, 1956the freighter Ideal X steamed from Berth 26 in Port Newark, New Jersey. Flying the flag of the Pan-Atlantic Steamship Company, she set out for Houston with an unusual cargo: 58 trailer trucks lashed to her top deck.
But they weren’t trucksthey were steel containers removed from their running gear, waiting to be lifted onto empty truck beds when Ideal X reached Texas. She docked safely, and a revolution was launchednot only in shipping, but in the way the world trades. Today, the more than 200 million containers shipped every year are the lifeblood of the new global economy. They sit stacked on thousands of “box boats” that grow more massive every year.
In this fascinating book, transportation expert Brian Cudahy provides a vivid, fast-paced account of the container-ship revolutionfrom the maiden voyage of the Ideal X to the entrepreneurial vision and technological breakthroughs that make it possible to ship more goods more cheaply than every before.
Cudahy tells this complex story easily, starting with Malcom McLean, Pan-Atlantic’s owner who first thought about loading his trucks on board. His line grew into the container giant Sea-Land Services, and Cudahy charts its dramatic evolution into Maersk Sealand, the largest container line in the world. Along the way, he provides a concise, colorful history of world shippingfrom freighter types to the fortunes of steamship linesand explores the spectacular growth of global trade fueled by the mammoth ships and new seaborne lifelines connecting Asia, Europe, and the Americas.
Masterful maritime history, Box Boats shows how fleets of these ungainly ships make the modern world possiblewith both positive and negative effects. It’s also a tale of an historic home port, New York, where old piers lie silent while 40-foot steel boxes of toys and televisions come ashore by the thousands, across the bay in New Jersey.
|Publisher:||Fordham University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)|
About the Author
Brian J. Cudahy’s books include Around Manhattan Island: And Other Maritime Tales of New York and A Century of Subways: Celebrating 100 Years of New York’s Underground Railways (both Fordham). He lives in Bluffton, SC.
Table of ContentsAcknowledgments vii
Cargo Ships, American Style: A Primer 1
The Pan-Atlantic Steamship Company: 1933-57 13
From the Hudson River to Newark Bay: 1915-48 42
Sea-Land: The First Decade, 1956-66 68
Sea-Land Approaches Maturity: 1966-85 99
From RJR to CSX: 1985-99 145
After 1999: Horizon, Maersk-Sealand, and Beyond 187
Three Other Companies 206
The Present-and the Future 231
Epilogue: The U.S. Navy's T-AKR-Class Fast Sealift Ships 252
Vessel Roster 255
Sea-Land Liner Services, 1999 283
Maritime Activity at the Port of New York, Thursday, April 26, 1956 290
General Index 321
Vessel Charter 335