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Brain Injury Treatment: Theories and Practices

Brain Injury Treatment: Theories and Practices

by Jose Leon-Carrion, Klaus R. H. von Wild, George A. Zitnay

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ISBN-10: 1841695726

ISBN-13: 9781841695723

Pub. Date: 04/28/2006

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Brain Injury Treatment: Theories and Practices is a thorough and wide-ranging account of the rehabilitation of brain injury. Written from an international perspective, this book presents a detailed discussion of the basic science of brain injury. It goes on to explain the treatments used in brain injury rehabilitation, containing a wealth of information on different


Brain Injury Treatment: Theories and Practices is a thorough and wide-ranging account of the rehabilitation of brain injury. Written from an international perspective, this book presents a detailed discussion of the basic science of brain injury. It goes on to explain the treatments used in brain injury rehabilitation, containing a wealth of information on different neurosurgical and neuropsychological treatments and covering new methods of rehabilitation, such as complementary medicine theories. It also includes a comprehensive reference to the theories underlying rehabilitation practices and chapters on community re-entry and family dynamics following brain injury. It will be an invaluable tool for students of psychology, medicine, physical and occupational therapy studying the treatment and aftercare of people with brain injury.

Product Details

Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
Studies on Neuropsychology, Neurology and Cognition Series
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.52(d)

Table of Contents

From the series editor     xiii
List of contributors     xv
List of tables and figures     xviii
Note     xxiii
Prehospital management of traumatic brain injury   Andy Jagoda   John Bruns, Jr     1
Introduction     1
Prehospital systems     2
Prehospital assessment of the TBI patient     4
Prehospital management of the TBI patient     7
Transport decisions     11
Conclusion     12
Mild brain injury: Detecting high-risk patients   M. A. Munoz-Sanchez   F. Murillo-Cabezas   J. Leon-Carrion     17
Introduction     17
Risk factors     18
Guidelines for the management of mild head injury     23
Concluding remarks     25
Organization of neurological intensive care units   Jose Maria Dominguez-Roldan   Claudio Garcia-Alfaro   Walter Videtta     28
History of the development of intensive care units     28
Neurological intensive care     31
Care management of patients with traumatic brain injury     33
Care management of patients with cerebrovascular pathology     38
Other pathologies in neurologicalintensive care     44
General management of neurological intensive care units     45
Cerebral monitoring techniques in the critical patient     48
Evaluating the efficiency of neurological intensive care units     55
Current concepts and strategies on early neurorehabilitation for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI): A model project according to the guidelines of the German Task Force on Early Neurological-Neurosurgical Rehabilitation   Klaus R. H. von Wild     63
Introduction     63
Historical remarks     64
Spectrum of neurorehabilitation     65
Coma Remission Scale     67
Standards     71
Multidisciplinary team     71
Technology and quality of life     75
Perspectives     76
Concluding remarks     77
Electrical treatment of coma: Experience in the eastern USA and central Japan   Edwin Cooper   Tetsuo Kanno     80
Introduction     80
Experience in Japan with electrical stimulation for coma     85
Review of prognosis and outcomes in the literature     96
Right median nerve electrical stimulation (RMNS)     102
Discussion     110
Conclusion     110
Low-level responsive states   Jose Leon-Carrion   Maria del Rosario Dominguez-Morales   Jose Maria Dominguez-Roldan     117
Coma     117
Persistent vegetative state     127
Locked-in syndrome (LIS)     132
Minimally responsive state     137
Akinetic mutism     138
Legal aspects     138
Conclusions     140
Diagnosing and treating affective disorders after brain injury   Dale F. Thomas   Jose Leon-Carrion     144
Introduction     144
Epidemiological data     145
Other factors contributing to mood disturbances following brain injury     148
Suicide precautions and intervention strategies     150
Methods of treating depression and intervention strategies     152
Talk therapy in neurorehabilitation     155
Other treatment modalities to treatment of depression and anxiety     157
Concluding remarks     157
Sleep disorders in patients with traumatic brain injury   Antonio Vela-Bueno   E. O. Bixler   A. N. Vgontzas     163
Introduction     163
Dysomnia     164
Parasomnias     179
Other sleep disorders      180
Sleep complaints and sleep patterns: relation to cognitive and behavioural outcome     181
Rehabilitation of equilibrium and posture control after brain injury: The NeuroBird method   Jose Leon-Carrion   Eugene Mikhaelenov   Maria del Rosario Dominguez-Morales   Olga Voronina     187
Introduction     187
Motor control and stability     188
The NeuroBird method: systems and strategies     190
Presentation of a case of rehabilitation of balance with the NeuroBird method     199
Concluding remarks     202
Neuropharmacologic management of impairment after traumatic brain injury   Nathan D. Zasler   Michael F. Martelli   Treven C. Pickett     205
Introduction     205
Neurotransmitter receptors     206
Principles of therapeutics     207
Overview of pharmacologic agents by class     210
Review of treatment options for specific clinical deficits     214
Conclusions     222
Spasticity of cerebral origin   John S. Hong   Christopher G. Zitnay     230
Background     230
Clinical     232
Rehabilitation in water: A practical guide   Gianpietro Salvi   AnnaMaria Quarenghi    Paola Quarenghi     250
Introduction     250
Effects of immersion on the human body     250
The effect of water on the human body     251
Therapeutic effects of water on the human body     252
Structures and means     252
Role of the physiotherapist     252
Indications for rehabilitation in water     253
Contraindications for rehabilitation in water     253
Objectives of treatment in water of patients with TBI     253
Treatment of post-TBI patients     258
Symptoms of cerebellar dysfunction problems and balance     260
Proprioceptive difficulty     265
Stiff joints     267
Stenosis due to injury to the central or peripheral nervous systems     270
Conclusion     273
Neuropsychological assessment of persons with acquired brain injury   Jose Leon-Carrion   Paul J. Taaffe   Juan Manuel Barroso y Martin     275
Introduction     275
Quantitative and qualitative assessment     275
The clinical interview     277
Cognitive assessment     279
The assessment of emotions and personality     300
Social consequences of ABI and assessment      303
Concluding remarks     305
Sevilla Neuropsychological Test Battery (BNS) (version 2.0) for the assessment of executive functioning   Jose Leon-Carrion     313
Sevilla computerized Neuropsychological Test Battery (BNS) (version 2.0)     313
The concept of executive functioning underlying the BNS     315
Evaluation of attentional mechanisms: letter cancellation subtests     315
Evaluation of hemianopia and hemiattention: tachitoscopic subtests of attention     317
Evaluation of memory processes and learning     321
Evaluation of neurocognitive interferences: Stroop effect     324
Assessment of decision-making capacity: the Tower of Hanoi-Sevilla     325
Neurologically-related Changes of Personality Inventory (NECHAPI)     327
Conclusions     328
Methods and tools for the assessment of outcome after brain injury rehabilitation   Jose Leon-Carrion     331
Introduction     331
Scales to be used in the acute phase of TBI     332
Functional assessment measures for post-acute phase     340
Measure for emotional outcome after TBI     347
Concluding remarks     350
Assessment of response bias in impairment and disability examinations   Michael F. Martelli    Nathan D. Zasler   Shane S. Bush   Treven C. Pickett     354
Introduction     354
Examinee response biases     355
Attribution and bias     360
Response bias     361
Conclusions: recommendations for enhancing validity in impairment and disability assessment findings     375
Rehabilitation of cognitive disorders after acquired brain injury: The Combined Method (TCM)   Jose Leon-Carrion     385
Introduction     385
The prosthetic method of cognitive rehabilitation     386
The Combined Method (TCM) of cognitive rehabilitation     389
The scientific logic of TCM     394
Prognosis and course of cognitive deficits using TCM     395
Timing for recovery using TCM     396
Conclusion     397
Neuropsychological recovery in children and adolescents following traumatic brain injury   Peter D. Patrick   Sean T. Patrick   Erin Duncan     401
Introduction     401
Incidence, prevalence and cause     402
A developmental perspective     404
Psychological and psychosocial development     408
Traumatic brain injury     410
Complex neuropsychological disturbances following brain injury     413
The impact of neurobehavioural changes on the family     427
Outcomes     431
Lessons learned     434
Medical rehabilitation of TBI after intensive care   Claudio Perino   Paolo Pietrapiana   Enrico Fiorio   Andrea Maestri   Roberto Rago     441
Introduction     441
Transfer criteria from intensive care to acute rehabilitation     443
Practical guidelines for database collection     445
Prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism     447
Nutrition and swallowing rehabilitation     449
Tracheostomy management     453
Rehabilitation of visual disorders     455
Subacute neuro-orthopaedic treatment of complications     458
Summary     464
The holistic, multidisciplinary, and intensive approach to treatment: The CRECER method   Jose Leon-Carrion   Maria del Rosario Dominguez-Morales     469
Introduction     469
The CRECER integral, intensive and multidisciplinary model of rehabilitation for people with acquired brain injury     471
Neuropsychological rehabilitation     472
Speech rehabilitation     474
Physical rehabilitation      476
The NeuroBird system of muscular training for spasticity, posture control, balance, trembling and emotional reactivity     477
Occupational therapy/functional therapy     478
Efficiency in specialized treatments     479
Conclusions     481
The role of stem cells in the rehabilitation of brain injury   Jose Leon-Carrion     484
Introduction     484
Neural stem cells in mammals     485
Substitutions of neural cells by stem cells     486
Memory and hippocampus     487
Ethical and social aspects     489
Conclusions     491
Complementary medicine and TBI   George A. Zitnay     493
Introduction     493
Methodology     498
Summary and conclusion     510
The role of family in the rehabilitation of traumatic brain injury patients: Advocate or co-therapist   Jose Leon-Carrion   Claudio Perino   George A. Zitnay     513
Introduction     513
The family and brain injury     513
Family systems     515
Reconstructed families     518
Socio-economic and cultural status related to TBI outcome     518
Influence of legal issues in the recovery of TBI patients     519
Intervention with the families     521
Concluding remarks     524
Return to work after brain injury   Davide Verne   Tiziana Mezzanato   Elina Caminiti     527
Introduction     527
Predictive factors     528
First step: patient assessment     532
Second step: finding a job     535
Third step: work adaptation     537
Looking for an effective model     538
The Supported Employment model     539
The multi-regional project for TBI patients' return to work     541
From rehabilitation to return to work: a case study     543
Conclusions     545
Index     551

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