Breaking Convention: Essays on Psychedelic Consciousness

Breaking Convention: Essays on Psychedelic Consciousness

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Overview

Breaking Convention—a collection of essays and articles from the international conference of the same name—is a multifaceted exploration of the history, use, and benefits of psychedelics since the dawn of humankind. Some pieces address the archaeological and ethnographic evidence of psychedelic use as a vital part of early human development. Others focus on modern psychedelic history—such as pre-World War II psychedelic research and self-experimentation, or the fear-mongering nuclear era of the 1950s and 1960s, when psychedelics were banished into a forty-year Dark Ages. Still other pieces examine contemporary drug use, particularly MDMA and poly drug use (the use of a combination of drugs for a specific effect). The book concludes with a piece by Rick Doblin, PhD, founder of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS), in which he offers a bold vision of the future, one in which psychedelics and expanded consciousness are an integral part of modern cosmopolitan society.

Contents
Introduction
Altered States and the Prehistoric Ritualisation of the Modern Human Mind
Tracing Neolithic World Views: Shamanism, Irish Passage Tomb Art and Altered States of Consciousness
Towards an Exploration of the Mind of a Conquered Continent: Shamanism,
Sacred Plants and Amerindian Epistemology
"A Train of Delightful Visions": Early Scientific Encounters with Psychedelics
Psychedelic Formations in Literature
Drop Acid Not Bombs
Season of the Witch: 1966 and the Vilification of LSD in Britain
Breaking Conventions in Policy and Science
Religious Freedom and the Expansion of Ayahuasca Ceremonies in Europe
Introduction to the MDMA Debate
Poly and Mono: Reflections on the Validity of "Poly Drug Use"
From Meta-Sin to Medicine: A Program for Future Research into the Healing Power of Psychedelics
A Declaration of Psychedelic Studies
Biophenomenology of Altered States
Cognitive Phenomenology of Mind Manifestation
Psychedelics, Parapsychology and Exceptional Human Experiences
The Anaesthetic Revelation: Psychedelia and Mysticism
Deceptive Cadences: A Hermeneutic Approach to the Problem of Meaning and Psychedelic Experience
A Matter of Spirit: An Imaginal Perspective on the Paranormal
Communications from the Herbs: A Step-by-Step Guide to Ini Consciousness
Afterword: A Bold Vision, by Rick Doblin

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781583947715
Publisher: North Atlantic Books
Publication date: 07/15/2014
Pages: 336
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

CAMERON ADAMS is a research associate in the School of Anthropology and Conservation at the University of Kent, Canterbury, and a coorganizer of the annual Breaking Convention conferences. ANNA WALDSTEIN is a lecturer in medical anthropology and ethnobotany at the University of Kent and studies self-medication with herbal medicines as a form of empowerment and/or resistance to biomedical hegemony. BEN SESSA is a child and adolescent psychiatrist and psychedelic researcher in the United Kingdom. DAVID LUKE is a senior lecturer in psychology at the University of Greenwich, London, where he teaches an undergraduate course on the Psychology of Exceptional Human Experience. He is director of the Ecology, Cosmos and Consciousness lecture series at the October Gallery, in Bloomsbury, London. DAVID KING is a cofounder of Breaking Convention and a cofounder of the UKC Psychedelics Society, and he represented the Beckley Foundation at the House of Lords in 2011. He studied anthropology at the University of Kent, and his research has focused on concepts of health and medicine among cannabis users. The author lives in United Kingdom.

Table of Contents

Introduction xi

Altered States and the Prehistoric Ritualisation of the Modern Human Mind Tom Froese 1

On the Origins of Prehistoric Art 2

On the Origins of Enculturation 5

On the Origins of Human Consciousness 9

Tracing Neolithic Worldviews: Shamanism, Irish Passage Tomb Art and Altered States of Consciousness Ffion Reynolds 13

Shamanic Acts 13

Altered States of Consciousness 15

Entoptic Visual Phenomena 17

Passage Tomb Art in the Boyne Valley 19

Entoptic Shapes at Newgrange 21

Entoptic Shapes at Knowth 21

Discussion and Conclusions 22

Towards an Exploration of the Mind of a Conquered Continent: Shamanism, Sacred Plants and Amerindian Epistemology Luis Eituardo Luna 31

Shamanism in the Americas 33

Psychointegrators 40

Concluding Words 43

"A Train of Delightful Visions": Early Scientific Encounters with Psychedelics Mike Jay 47

"Nothing exists but thoughts": Nitrous Oxide 47

"Personal experience is the criterion of truth": Hashish 50

"A new artificial paradise": Mescaline 52

William James and the Religious Experience 56

Coda: The Sublime 58

Psychedelic Formations in Literature Robert Dickins 61

Drop Acid not Bombs Jonathan Hobbs 73

Shaping Defence Policy: The Rise and Fall of Nuclear Weapons 73

"Humane" War: The Emergence of incapacitants 75

Media Campaign and Network Building 75

From Bicycle Day to Widespread Military Interest 77

Psychedelic Research at Porton Down 79

Conclusion 82

Season of the Witch: 1966 and the Vilification of LSD in Britain Andy Roberts 87

Breaking Conventions in Policy and Science Amanda Feilding 99

The Beckley Foundation Scientific Programme 100

The Beckley Foundation Policy Programme 104

The Turning of the Tide 109

Religious Freedom and the Expansion of Ayahuasca Ceremonies in Europe Kevin Feeney Beatriz Caiuby Labate 113

A Brief History of Ayahuasca Traditions in Europe 113

Legality of DMT and Ayahuasca 115

European Convention on Human Rights 117

Religious Recognition of Ayahuasca Traditions in Europe 118

Limitations on Religious Freedom 121

Conclusion 123

Introduction to the MDMA Debate Ben Sessa 127

The MDMA debate, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK. 2 April 2011 128

Poly and Mono: Reflections on the Validity of "poly drug use" Axel Klein 163

From Meta-Sin to Medicine: A Programme for Future Research into the Healing Power of Psychedelics Cameron Adams 175

A Declaration of Psychedelic Studies Nese Devenot 187

Establishing Precedents: The Queering of Consciousness 188

Dissolving Disciplinary Boundaries 191

In Defence of Thought Experiments 192

The Rise of Visionary Culture 195

Reset Your Operating System 197

Biophenomenology of Altered States Vit Pokorný 201

Perspectives 203

Umwelts 205

Patterns 206

Rhizomatic Model 208

Conclusion 211

Cognitive Phenomenology of Mind Manifestation Joseph Bicknell 215

Analogy and the Description of Experience 216

From Analogy to Cognitive Phenomenology 218

Mind Manifestation and Transformation of Belief Networks 224

Psychedelics, Parapsychology and Exceptional Human Experiences David Luke 227

The Anaesthetic Revelation: Psychedelia and Mysticism William Rowlandson 235

Deceptive Cadences: A Hermeneutic Approach to the Problem of Meaning and Psychedelic Experience Andy Letcher 249

Two Theories of Mysticism 251

Two Anthropological Studies 254

Deceptive Cadences 257

A Matter of Spirit: An Imaginal Perspective on the Paranormal Angela Voss 261

Communications from the Herbs: A Step-By-Step Guide to INI Consciousness Hon. Binghi Congo-Nyah Reka Komarorni Kirkland Murray Anna Waldstein 273

Researching Rastafari 274

Rastafari and Inl Consciousness 275

Cultivation of Herbs 277

Smoking Herbs 278

Meditation with Herbs 281

Healing with Herbs 284

Reasoning and Conclusions 285

A Bold Vision Rick Doblin 289

Figures 301

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