Breaking Sudan: The Search for Peace

Breaking Sudan: The Search for Peace

by Jok Madut Jok


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Breaking Sudan: The Search for Peace by Jok Madut Jok

In 2005, twenty-two years of civil war in Sudan were brought to an end by the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Negotiations between north and south had ended in compromise, however, and hopes of a unified state that was open, democratic and secular, had fallen to secession. Following South Sudan’s declaration of independence in 2011, political tensions have led to conflict in both countries and now there is even the growing threat of a war between them. The situation is, arguably, worse than it ever has been before.

Sudan expert Jok Madut Jok investigates how violence has once more come to dominate a region where various political groups remain separated by deep-rooted mistrust and ethnic relations are nothing short of wrecked. Dissecting the failure of the peace agreement, he confronts the frightening possibility that it may have actually, in effect, legitimized the use of violence for the achievement of political goals. More than just a scrupulous survey of two countries ravaged by war, Breaking Sudan features starkly drawn portraits that provide a moving insight into how the Sudanese of the post-secession era continue to live with war.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781786070036
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
Publication date: 04/11/2017
Pages: 432
Sales rank: 1,248,973
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.50(d)

About the Author

Jok Madut Jok is undersecretary in South Sudan’s ministry of culture and heritage, co-founder of the Sudd Institute and an associate professor of history at Loyola Marymount University in California. He is the author of Sudan: Race, Religion and Violence, also published by Oneworld, and co-editor of The Sudan Handbook.

Table of Contents

Maps vii

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xiii

Abbreviations 1

Introduction: The "New Sudan": How Sudan's Break-Up Prepared the Ground for More War 5

Sudan after the CPA 24

South Sudan after the CPA 39

1 The Two Sudans and the Defeat of the CPA Reform Project 65

South Sudan and the burden of independence 72

Post-separation relations 86

The cooperation agreements 99

The cooperation agreements and continued military raids 107

2 Independent South Sudan and the Burden of Liberation History 113

The burden of the liberation wars 117

Political violence and the development of a sub-culture of guns 121

The CPA and the unrelenting violence 124

The CPA and the exclusionary peace 128

South Sudan and the legacy of liberation ideologies 134

3 Sudan's Wars: The Experience of One Village 149

4 Political Rivalries, the New Wars and the Crumbling Social Order 181

The 2013 outbreak of conflict: what caused this crisis? 193

How political disagreement turned violent 196

Power politics or tribal wars? 203

5 Reporting Sudan's Wars: The Media and the Blurred Line Between Informing and Inciting 219

War and sexual violence 233

Displacement and social life 244

6 Mixed Economies, Corruption and Social Disparity 247

The decentralized system of government and its shortfalls 251

Mixed economies, social disparities, conflict and the role of corruption 255

Governance and the role of policy research 272

7 Ethnic Relations, the New War and the (Dis) Unity of South Sudan 285

Obstacles to collective belonging 291

Public goods and services as the success of the state 303

History as the foundation of nationhood 305

The new civil war and prospects for a united South Sudan 310

Cultural exclusion could keep South Sudan in perpetual conflict 316

8 Conclusion: The Fates of the Two Sudans 321

Landing on hard ground 325

Ambivalent new neighbors 329

A history of violent interactions or a future of links? 335

Invisible connections and the promise of peaceful co-existence 339

Notes 345

Bibliography 361

Index 363

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