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Lester Faigley understands how students learn best. The design and approach of The Brief Penguin Handbook started with ideas and suggestions from real students, and thus it is uniquely successful when it comes to giving students the information they need in a format they will actually use. This handbook continues to innovate in its design as well as its content to make handbook topics accessible.

The third edition does this with enhanced visual examples, a new section on writing across the curriculum, more student samples than ever, and expanded documentation coverage including a new five-step guide to the documentation process. Research coverage has also been augmented to acknowledge that students begin their research online rather than in the library, and new “staying on track” boxes have been added to help students check themselves and avoid getting lost in the writing process.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900205743420
Publisher: Longman
Publication date: 05/21/2009
Series: English MLA Updated Books Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 640
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents


1 Think as a Writer

   1a Think about the process of communication

   1b Think about how to persuade others

1c Think about your audience

   1d Think about your credibility

   1e Think about your purpose

2 Plan and Draft

   2a Think about the expectations of college readers

2b Establish your goals

   2c Explore your topic

   2d Write a working thesis

2e Plan a strategy

   2f Compose a draft

   2g Write as a member of a team

3 Compose Paragraphs

   3a Focus your paragraphs

   3b Organize your paragraphs

   3c Make your paragraphs coherent

   3d Consider paragraph length

   3e Link across paragraphs

   3f Write effective beginning and ending paragraphs

4 Rewrite, Edit, and Proofread

   4a Switch from writer to reader

   4b Learn strategies for rewriting

   4c Respond to other writers’ drafts

   4d Edit for particular goals

   4e Proofread carefully

   4f Learn to edit the writing of others



5 Read and View with a Critical Eye

   5a Become a critical reader

   5b Read actively

   5c Recognize verbal fallacies

   5d Become a critical viewer

   5e Recognize visual fallacies

6 Write to Analyze

   6a Understand the goal of a rhetorical analysis

   6b Analyze the context and the text

   6c Organize and write a rhetorical analysis

   6d Sample rhetorical analysis

   6e Analyze images and other visual texts

7 Write to Reflect

   7a Find a reflective topic

   7b Identify a focus

   7c Organize and write a reflection

   7d Sample reflective essay

8 Write to Inform

   8a Find an informative topic

   8b Narrow your topic and write a thesis

   8c Organize and write an informative essay

   8d Sample informative essay

9 Write Arguments

   9a Position arguments and proposal arguments

9b Find an arguable topic

   9c Make an arguable claim

9d Organize and write a position argument

   9e Sample position argument

   9f Organize and write a proposal argument

   9g Sample proposal arguments



10 Learn to Write in Academic Disciplines

   10a Become an academic writer

   10b What counts as evidence in the disciplines?

11 Write in Specific Genres

   11a Write an essay examination

   11b Write an observation

   11c Write a case study

   11d Write a lab report in the sciences

   11e Write a letter of application

   11f Write a résumé

12 Write about Literature

   12a Become a critical reader of literature

   12b Develop an interpretation

   12c Write a literary analysis

   12d Sample literary analysis



13 Communicate with Words, Images, and Graphics

   13a Write in multimedia

   13b Think about verbal and visual relationships

   13c Know where images and graphics work best

   13d Know where words work best

14 Design for Print and the Screen

   14a Start with your readers

   14b Design pages

   14c Choose type

14d Compose images

14e Edit images

14f Create tables, charts, and graphs

14g Design a Web site

15 Design Presentations

   15a Plan a presentation

   15b Design visuals for a presentation

   15c Deliver an effective presentation



16 Plan Your Research

16a Analyze the research task

16b Find a topic

16c Determine what kind of research you need

16d Draft a working thesis

16e Start a working bibliography

17 Find and Evaluate Sources in Databases

17a Know the strengths of database sources

17b Find information in databases

17c Construct effective database searches

17d Evaluate database sources

17e Locate elements of a citation in database sources

18 Find and Evaluate Sources on the Web

18a Know the strengths and weaknesses of Web sources

18b Find reliable Web sources

18c Construct effective Web searches

18d Find visual sources online

18e Evaluate Web sources

18f Locate elements of a citation in Web sources

19 Find and Evaluate Print Sources

19a Know the strengths of print sources

19b Find books

19c Find journal articles

19d Evaluate print sources

19e Locate elements of a citation in print sources

20 Plan Field Research

20a Know what you can obtain from field research

20b Conduct interviews

20c Administer surveys

20d Make observations

21 Incorporate Sources and Avoid Plagiarism

21a Understand the purposes of sources

21b Incorporate sources

21c Avoid plagiarism

21d Quote sources without plagiarizing

21e Summarize and paraphrase sources without plagiarizing

22 Write and Revise the Research Project

22a Revisit your research

22b Plan your organization

22c Write a draft

22d Select and introduce quotations

22e Review your draft

22f Revise, revise, revise



Five Steps for Documenting Sources

   1 Which documentation style do I use?

   2 What kind of source am I using?

   3 When do I cite sources?

   4 How do I cite a source in my paper?

   5 How do I cite sources at the end of my paper?

23 MLA Documentation

   23a In-text citations in MLA style

   23b Books in MLA-style works cited

   23c Journals and magazines

   23d Newspapers

   23e Government documents, pamphlets, dissertations, and letters

   23f Library database publications

   23g Online publications

   23h CD-ROM, software, and unedited online sources

   23i Visual sources

   23j Multimedia sources

   23k Informational notes

23l Sample research paper with MLA documentation

24 APA Documentation

   24a In-text citations in APA style

   24b Books and nonperiodical sources in the APA-style references list

   24c Periodical sources

   24d Online sources

   24e Visual, computer, and multimedia sources

   24f Sample paper with APA documentation

25 CMS Documentation

   25a Books and nonperiodical sources in CMS-style citations

   25b Periodical sources

   25c Online and computer sources

   25d Multimedia sources

   25e Sample pages with CMS documentation

26 CSE Documentation

   26a In-text citations in CSE style

   26b Books and nonperiodical sources in CSE-style references

   26c Periodical sources

   26d Online sources

   26e Sample pages with CSE documentation



27 Write with Power

27a Pay attention to verbs

27b Stay active

27c Find agents

27d Vary your sentences

27e Give your writing personality

28 Write Concisely

28a Eliminate unnecessary words

28b Reduce wordy phrases

28c Simplify tangled sentences

29 Write with Emphasis

29a Manage emphasis in sentences

29b Forge links across sentences

29c Use parallel structure with parallel ideas

29d Use parallel structure with lists

29e Use parallel structure in paragraphs

30 Find the Right Words

30a Be aware of levels of formality

30b Be aware of denotation and connotation

30c Use specific language

30d Use effective figurative language

31 Write to Be Inclusive

31a Be aware of stereotypes

31b Be inclusive about gender

31c Be inclusive about race and ethnicity

31d Be inclusive about other differences

31e Recognize international varieties of English



32 Grammar Basics

   32a Sentence basics

   32b Word classes

   32c Clauses

   32d Phrases

   32e Sentence types

33 Fragments, Run-ons, and Comma Splices

   33a Fragments

   33b Run-on sentences

   33c Comma splices

34 Subject-Verb Agreement

   34a Agreement in the present tense

   34b Singular and plural subjects

   34c Indefinite pronouns as subjects

   34d Collective nouns as subjects

   34e Inverted word order

   34f Amounts, numbers, and pairs

35 Verbs

   35a Basic verb forms

   35b Irregular verbs

   35c Transitive and intransitive verbs

   35d Shifts in tense

   35e Shifts in mood

36 Pronouns

   36a Pronoun case

   36b Pronoun agreement

   36c Problems with pronouns and gender

   36d Vague reference

37 Modifiers

   37a Choose the correct modifier

   37b Place adjectives carefully

   37c Place adverbs carefully

   37d Revise disruptive modifiers

   37e Revise dangling modifiers



38 Commas

   38a Commas with introductory elements

   38b Commas with compound clauses

   38c Commas with nonrestrictive modifiers

   38d Commas with items in a series

   38e Commas with coordinate adjectives

   38f Commas with quotations

   38g Commas with dates, numbers, titles, and addresses

38h Commas to avoid confusion

   38i Unnecessary commas

39 Semicolons and Colons

   39a Semicolons with closely related main clauses

   39b Semicolons together with commas

   39c Colons in sentences

   39d Colons with lists

40 Hyphens

   40a Hyphens with compound modifiers

   40b Hyphens with compound nouns

   40c Hyphens that divide words at the ends of lines

   40d Hyphens for clarity

41 Dashes and Parentheses

   41a Dashes and parentheses versus commas

   41b Dashes and parentheses to set off information

   41c Other punctuation with parentheses

   41d Other punctuation with dashes

42 Apostrophes

   42a Possessives

   42b Contractions and omitted letters

   42c Plurals of letters, symbols, and words referred to as words

43 Quotation Marks

   43a Direct quotations

   43b Titles of short works

   43c Other uses of quotation marks

   43d Misuses of quotation marks

   43e Other punctuation with quotation marks

44 Other Punctuation Marks

   44a Periods

   44b Question marks

   44c Exclamation points

   44d Brackets

   44e Ellipses

   44f Slashes

45 Write with Accurate Spelling

   45a Know the limitations of spelling checkers

   45b Distinguish homonyms

46 Capitalization and Italics

   46a Capital letters

   46b Italics

47 Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Numbers

   47a Abbreviations

   47b Acronyms

   47c Numbers



48 Write in a Second Language

   48a Understand the demands of writing in a second language

   48b Use your native language as a resource

   48c Use dictionaries

   48d Understand English idioms

49 Nouns, Articles, and Prepositions

   49a Kinds of nouns

   49b Count and noncount nouns

   49c Singular and plural forms

   49d Articles

   49e Prepositions

50 Verbs

   50a Types of verbs

   50b Be verbs

   50c Modal auxiliary verbs

   50d Verbs and infinitives

   50e Verbs and -ing verbals

   50f Conditional sentences

   50g Participial adjectives

   50h Phrasal verbs

51 English Sentence Structure

   51a Subjects

   51b English word order

   51c Placement of modifiers

51d Adjectives with prepositions


Glossary of Grammatical Terms and Usage

Index to Exercises



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