Britain's Hegemony in Palestine and the Middle East, 1917-56: Changing Strategic Imperatives

Britain's Hegemony in Palestine and the Middle East, 1917-56: Changing Strategic Imperatives

by Michael J. Cohen


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From the Balfour Declaration of 1917 to the Suez Crisis of 1956, Britain's strategic interests in Palestine and in the Middle East underwent radical changes. A leading authority on the British Mandate in Palestine and the rise of the state of Israel, Professor Michael J. Cohen focuses on these changing interests in this anthology of some of his seminal works. This book includes previously unpublished material and an introductory chapter surveying the changing views and interpretations of the Declaration over the past 100 years. Britain's imperial interests are the key to understanding these changes, why she supported the Zionist cause until the mid-1930s, and why her priorities changed thereafter. After the Second World War her priorities changed once again and Allied strategic planners drew up contingency plans to meet the threat of a potential Third World War against the Soviet bloc. This anthology closes with an analysis of the botched Suez War. This caused not only the failure of the military operation, but a grave crisis with the Americans, Eden's fall from power, and the denouement of Britain's Middle East hegemony. Professor Cohen's essays are essential reading for anyone wanting a clear understanding of the Middle Eastern context of the Palestine Mandate, and the rise of the State of Israel during this period. *** "This is a fine book of historical essays. Of special significance are Cohen's assessments — and in part, re-assessments — of the Balfour Declaration, Churchill's and Truman's attitude toward the Jews and Zionism, and Palestinian leader Haj Amin al-Husseini's evasion of punishment as a Nazi war criminal in 1945-1947. Historians and students of the Arab-Zionist conflict can both derive benefit from Cohen's insights." —Professor Benny Morris, Ben-Gurion University *** "This important book of essays will provide further food for thought for readers who wish to look at the self-interest, both personal and national, behind the decision of the decision makers." —Colin Shindler, Emeritus Professor, SOAS, University of London

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781910383216
Publisher: Vallentine Mitchell
Publication date: 02/14/2017
Pages: 344
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 9.75(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

List of Maps ix

Acknowledgements xi

List of Abbreviations and Glossary xiii

Introduction 1

1 The Centenary of the Balfour Declaration 7

2 Was the Balfour Declaration at Risk in 1923? Zionism and British Imperialism 21

3 Zionism and British Imperialism, Part 2: Imperial Financing and Palestine 47

4 The Strange Case of the Palestine White Paper, 1930 81

5 The Palestine-Egypt Nexus; 1935-39 107

6 The Churchill-Gilbert Symbiosis: Myth and Reality 119

7 Haj Amin al-Husayni, Mufti of Jerusalem: History and Propaganda 143

8 From 'Cold' to Hot' War: Allied Strategic and Military Interests in the Middle East after the Second World War 165

9 Intelligence, Morality and Realpolitik: Why Didn't the British Bring the Mufti of Jerusalem to Trial as a War Criminal after the Second World War? 193

10 The End of the Mandate: The Zionist Perspective 231

11 Colonel William A. Eddy, the Oil Lobby and the Palestine Problem 257

12 A New Look at Truman and the Exodus 1947 273

13 Prologue to Suez: Anglo-American Planning for Military Intervention in a Middle East War, 1955-56 281

14 Politics and Military Planning: The Eden Administration and the Generals - Suez, 1956 308

Select Bibliography 326

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