British Heavy Cruisers 1939-45

British Heavy Cruisers 1939-45

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Overview

The idea of a heavy cruiser emerged in the aftermath of the First World War, and was closely linked to the limits set by the inter-war Washington Treaty on naval armament. The pre-Great War concept of armoured cruisers had been abandoned, but in their stead the Admiralty saw a place for powerful cruisers, able to patrol the sea lanes of the British Empire, and which were well-enough armed that they could destroy enemy commerce cruisers of the kind used by the Germans in the last war.

The result was a group of British warships which were collectively known as the "Washington Treaty Cruisers", which did everything the Admiralty wanted, but which fitted within the limits imposed by the Washington Treaty - an armament of 8-inch guns, and a displacement of less than 10,000 tons. These impressive cruisers were high-sided, spacious and stately - perfect peacetime ambassadors for British power.

In war they also packed a considerable punch. While they all carried powerful 8-inch guns, they were also given an effective armoured belt, making them proof against any foreign cruisers then in service. During the Second World War the Royal Navy's thirteen heavy cruisers saw service in every theatre of war, whether taking part in major sea battles in the Mediterranean, delivering the coup de grace to the Bismarck in the North Atlantic, or enduring the unwanted attention of kamikaze pilots in the Pacific.



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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781849086868
Publisher: Bloomsbury USA
Publication date: 05/22/2012
Series: New Vanguard , #190
Pages: 48
Product dimensions: 7.22(w) x 9.56(h) x 0.14(d)

About the Author

Angus Konstam hails from the Orkney Islands, and is the author of over 50 books, 30 of which are published by Osprey. This acclaimed and widely published author has written several books on piracy, including The History of Pirates, and Blackbeard: America's Most Notorious Pirate. A former naval officer and museum professional, he worked as the Curator of Weapons at the Tower of London and as the Chief Curator of the Mel Fisher Maritime Museum in Key West, Florida. He now works as a full-time author and historian, and lives in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Table of Contents

Introduction 04

Design and Development 05

Hawkins Class

The Washington Naval Treaty

Kent Class

London Class

Norfolk Class

Class B Cruisers

Heavy Cruiser Specifications, September 1939 18

Kent Class

York Class

London Class

Norfolk Class

Exeter Class

Service History, 1939-45 26

Kent Class

London Class

Norfolk Class

York Class

Exeter Class

Armament and Operation 34

Main Armament

Anti-Aircraft Armament

Other Weaponry

Radar

Effectiveness

Further Reading 46

Index 48

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