Brokered Boundaries: Creating Immigrant Identity in Anti-Immigrant Times

Brokered Boundaries: Creating Immigrant Identity in Anti-Immigrant Times

by Douglas S. Massey, Magaly Sanchez R.

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Brokered Boundaries: Creating Immigrant Identity in Anti-Immigrant Times by Douglas S. Massey, Magaly Sanchez R.

Anti-immigrant sentiment reached a fever pitch after 9/11, but its origins go back much further. Public rhetoric aimed at exposing a so-called invasion of Latino immigrants has been gaining ground for more than three decades—and fueling increasingly restrictive federal immigration policy. Accompanied by a flagging U.S. economy—record-level joblessness, bankruptcy, and income inequality—as well as waning consumer confidence, these conditions signaled one of the most hostile environments for immigrants in recent memory. In Brokered Boundaries, Douglas Massey and Magaly Sánchez untangle the complex political, social, and economic conditions underlying the rise of xenophobia in U.S. society. The book draws on in-depth interviews with Latin American immigrants in metropolitan New York and Philadelphia and—in their own words and images—reveals what life is like for immigrants attempting to integrate in anti-immigrant times. What do the social categories "Latino" and "American" actually mean to today's immigrants? Brokered Boundaries analyzes how first- and second-generation immigrants from Central and South America and the Caribbean navigate these categories and their associated meanings as they make their way through U.S. society. Massey and Sánchez argue that the mythos of immigration, in which newcomers gradually shed their respective languages, beliefs, and cultural practices in favor of a distinctly American way of life, is, in reality, a process of negotiation between new arrivals and native-born citizens. Natives control interactions with outsiders by creating institutional, social, psychological, and spatial mechanisms that delimit immigrants' access to material resources and even social status. Immigrants construct identities based on how they perceive and respond to these social boundaries. The authors make clear that today's Latino immigrants are brokering boundaries in the context of unprecedented economic uncertainty, repressive anti-immigrant legislation, and a heightening fear that upward mobility for immigrants translates into downward mobility for the native-born. Despite an absolute decline in Latino immigration, immigration-related statutes have tripled in recent years, including many that further shred the safety net for legal permanent residents as well as the undocumented. Brokered Boundaries shows that, although Latin American immigrants come from many different countries, their common reception in a hostile social environment produces an emergent Latino identity soon after arrival. During anti-immigrant times, however, the longer immigrants stay in America, the more likely they are to experience discrimination and the less likely they are to identify as Americans.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780871545800
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Publication date: 03/01/2012
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 316
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

DOUGLAS S. MASSEY is Henry G. Bryant Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School. MAGALY SÁNCHEZ R. is senior researcher and visiting scholar at the Office of Population Research at Princeton University.

Table of Contents

About the Authors vii

Preface ix

Chapter 1 Constructing Immigrant Identity 1

Chapter 2 Roots and Motivations 26

Chapter 3 The Rise of Anti-Immigrant Times 58

Chapter 4 Worlds of Work 81

Chapter 5 Dreams and Disappointments 119

Chapter 6 Transactional Options 147

Chapter 7 Verbalizing Identity 183

Chapter 8 Visualizing Identity 213

Chapter 9 Identity, Integration, and the Future 240

Appendix A Sampling, Interviewing, Coding, and Data Analysis 253

Appendix B Information Sheet Presented to Potential Respondents 265

Appendix C Interview Guide: First Generation 267

Appendix D Interview Guide: Second Generation 272

References 277

Index 293

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