Brown-Sequard: An Improbable Genius Who Transformed Medicine

Brown-Sequard: An Improbable Genius Who Transformed Medicine

by Michael J. Aminoff, MD
ISBN-10:
0199742634
ISBN-13:
9780199742639
Pub. Date:
11/23/2010
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
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Overview

Brown-Sequard: An Improbable Genius Who Transformed Medicine

Brown-Séquard: An Improbable Genius Who Transformed Medicine traces the strange career of an eccentric, restless, widely admired, nineteenth-century physician-scientist who eventually came to be scorned by antivivisectionists for his work on animals, by churchgoers who believed that he encouraged licentious behavior, and by other scientists for his unorthodox views and for claims that, in fact, he never made. An improbable genius whose colorful life was characterized by dramatic reversals of fortune, he was a founder-physician of England's premier neurological hospital and held important professorships in America and France.

Brown-Séquard identified the sensory pathways in the spinal cord and emphasized functional processes in the integrative actions of the nervous system, thereby anticipating modern concepts of how the brain operates. He also discovered the function of the nerves that supply the blood vessels and thereby control their caliber, and the associated reflexes that adjust the circulation to bodily needs. He was the first to show that the adrenal glands are essential to life and suggested that other organs have internal secretions. He injected himself with ground-up animal testicles, claiming an invigorating effect, and this approach led to the development of modern hormone replacement therapy.

Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard was reportedly "one of the greatest discover of facts that the world has ever seen". It has also been suggested that "if his reasoning power had equaled his power of observation he might have done for physiology what Newton did for physics." In fact, scientific advances in the years since his death have provided increasing support for many of his once-ridiculed beliefs.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199742639
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 11/23/2010
Pages: 376
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1 Prologue: The Death of a Professor

Chapter 2: At Home in Mauritius

Chapter 3 A Medical Student in Paris

Chapter 4. Great Expectations

Chapter 5. The Physics of the Circulation: Why we don't faint on standing and get bedsores on lying still for too long

Chapter 6: Fame in the Making

Chapter 7. Fame and Fortune in Britain: A Piece of Cake

Chapter 8: Broken Dreams and Promises

Chapter 9: Musical Chairs

Chapter 10: Thoughts about the Brain

Chapter 11: The Disease of Devils and Demons

Chapter 12: The Magnificent Maverick

Chapter 13: A New System of Medicine

Chapter 14: Scenes from the World of a Scientist

Chapter 15: A Backward Glance and A Reckoning

General Biographical references

Appendix

Glossary

Index

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