Brush, Seal and Abacus: Troubled Vitality in Late Ming China's Economic Heartland, 1500-1644

Brush, Seal and Abacus: Troubled Vitality in Late Ming China's Economic Heartland, 1500-1644

by Jie Zhao


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789629967765
Publisher: Chinese University Press, The
Publication date: 02/01/2017
Pages: 230
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 1.50(h) x 9.50(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Jie Zhao is associate professor of history at the University of Southern Maine. She has published articles on Ming thought and society in T'oung Pao and Ming Studies.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ix

Abbreviations xi

Foreword xiii

Introduction 1

Chapter I Brush and Abacus: Scholars and Merchants Seek Profit and Place 11

Commercial Contagion 14

Scholars' Dilemma 23

"Trade and Study" 27

Profitable Niches 34

Scholars and the Rise of Merchants 39

Blurred Social Boundaries 49

Chapter II Seal and Abacus: Officials and Their Agents Catch the Fever 61

The Fusion of Seal and Abacus 62

Masters and Bondsmen 68

Tax Evasion 76

The Case of Dong Fen 85

Chapter III Tonic or Toxic? Scholars Contest the Implications of Profit 99

Benefits of the Market Economy 100

The Market and Moral Decay 106

The Middle Ground 117

The Debasement of Officialdom 120

Chapter IV A Roiling Cauldron: Imperial Misrule and Factionalism Fan the Flames 127

The Shadows of Hongwu and Zhang Juzheng 129

Obstreperous Emperor 134

Dogged Opposition 139

The Grand Secretariat's Faction 146

Rancor over Examinations 153

The Guoben Controversy 160

Institutional Erosion 165

Partisan Divide at Home 171

A Decade of Considerable Significance 174

Chapter V Seething Protest: Great Families Provoke Public Outbursts 179

Hai Rui's Abortive Populism 181

The Huzhou Disturbance against Dong Fen 183

Student Agitators 195

The Songjiang Riots against Dong Qichang 198

Chapter VI On a Sinking Ship: Gentry Reformers Respond to Crises 207

Charity 209

Tax Reforms 218

Disaster Relief 227

The Final Descent 233

Afterword 241

Bibliography 245

Glossary and Index 261

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