Building Modern Turkey: State, Space, and Ideology in the Early Republic

Building Modern Turkey: State, Space, and Ideology in the Early Republic

by Zeynep Kezer


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Building Modern Turkey offers a critical account of how the built environment mediated Turkey’s transition from a pluralistic (multiethnic and multireligious) empire into a modern, homogenized nation-state following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I. Zeynep Kezer argues that the deliberate dismantling of ethnic and religious enclaves and the spatial practices that ensued were as integral to conjuring up a sense of national unity and facilitating the operations of a modern nation-state as were the creation of a new capital, Ankara, and other sites and services that embodied a new modern way of life. The book breaks new ground by examining both the creative and destructive forces at play in the making of modern Turkey and by addressing the overwhelming frictions during this profound transformation and their long-term consequences. By considering spatial transformations at different scales—from the experience of the individual self in space to that of international geopolitical disputes—Kezer also illuminates the concrete and performative dimensions of fortifying a political ideology, one that instills in the population a sense of membership in and allegiance to the nation above all competing loyalties and ensures its longevity.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780822963905
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
Publication date: 12/30/2015
Series: Culture Politics & the Built Environment Series
Edition description: 1
Pages: 368
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Zeynep Kezer is senior lecturer in the School of Architecture Planning and Landscape at Newcastle University, United Kingdom.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Notes on Names, Pronunciation, and Sources xi

Introduction: Ambivalences and Anxieties 1

Part I Forging a New Identity

Chapter 1 Political Capital 17

Chapter 2 Theaters of Diplomacy 53

Part II Erasures in the Land

Chapter 3 Dismantling the Landscapes of Islam 81

Chapter 4 Of Forgotten People and Forgotten Places 114

Part III An Imaginable Community

Chapter 5 Nationalizing Space 157

Chapter 6 Manufacturing Turkish Citizens 197

Epilogue 237

Notes 245

Bibliography 291

Index 321

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