Building the Homestead: Agriculture,Labour and Beer in South Africa's Transkei

Building the Homestead: Agriculture,Labour and Beer in South Africa's Transkei

by Patrick A. McAllister

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780754618454
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 06/01/2001
Series: African Studies Centre Research
Pages: 216
Product dimensions: 8.62(w) x 6.02(h) x 0.04(d)

Table of Contents

Maps, Tables and Photographsvii
Prefaceviii
Acknowledgementsx
1.Introduction1
Fieldwork in Shixini1
Building the homestead6
Agrarian development in South Africa's communal areas12
2.Shixini and Its People15
Historical and administrative background15
Physical characteristics and settlement20
Ecology and demography24
Making a living32
Migrant labour36
3.Subsistence Agriculture, or 'Scratching about in the Soil'?40
Land and livestock40
An agricultural ethos45
Maize yields: What is a 'harvest'? What is 'maize'?58
The implications for rural development71
4.Co-Operative Labour in Africa: an Overview88
Exchange labour and festive labour90
Efficiency and uses93
Who works for whom, and why?97
Work parties and rural differentiation100
Reciprocity102
5.Work Parties and the Transformation of Rural Production111
The historical context: changing rural production116
The development of beer drinks122
Kinship and neighbourhood organization124
The organisation of agricultural labour125
Agricultural companies and work groups136
Umgqibelo and other labour combinations143
6.Drinking and Working148
The occasions for beer148
Rules of beer drinking152
Work party beer159
7.Beer, Labour and the Homestead177
Conclusion184
References192

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