Bumble Bees of North America: An Identification Guide

Bumble Bees of North America: An Identification Guide

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Overview

Bumble Bees of North America: An Identification Guide by Paul H. Williams, Robbin Thorp, Leif Richardson, Sheila Colla

More than ever before, there is widespread interest in studying bumble bees and the critical role they play in our ecosystems. Bumble Bees of North America is the first comprehensive guide to North American bumble bees to be published in more than a century. Richly illustrated with color photographs, diagrams, range maps, and graphs of seasonal activity patterns, this guide allows amateur and professional naturalists to identify all 46 bumble bee species found north of Mexico and to understand their ecology and changing geographic distributions.

The book draws on the latest molecular research, shows the enormous color variation within species, and guides readers through the many confusing convergences between species. It draws on a large repository of data from museum collections and presents state-of-the-art results on evolutionary relationships, distributions, and ecological roles. Illustrated keys allow identification of color morphs and social castes.

A landmark publication, Bumble Bees of North America sets the standard for guides and the study of these important insects.

  • The best guide yet to the 46 recognized bumble bee species in North America north of Mexico
  • Up-to-date taxonomy includes previously unpublished results
  • Detailed distribution maps
  • Extensive keys identify the many color patterns of species

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781400851188
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 03/23/2014
Series: Princeton Field Guides
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 208
Sales rank: 463,277
File size: 48 MB
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About the Author

Paul H. Williams is a research entomologist at the Natural History Museum in London. Robbin W. Thorp is professor emeritus of entomology at the University of California, Davis. Leif L. Richardson is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Dartmouth College. Sheila R. Colla is an NSERC postdoctoral fellow and project leader at Wildlife Preservation Canada.

Table of Contents

Introduction 7
Observing Bumble Bees 17
Attracting Bumble Bees 20
Bumble Bee Forage Guide by Ecoregion 22
Maps and Seasonal Activity 29
Bumble Bee Decline and Conservation 31
Threats to Bumble Bees 33
Natural Enemies 35
Mimicry 38
Distinguishing Bumble Bees from Other Insects 42
Bumble Bee Names and Classification 45
How to Use This Book to Identify Bumble Bee Species 48
Species Accounts 51
SQUARE- OR LONG-CHEEKED BEES WITH A ROUNDED ANGLE ON THE MIDLEG
- Bombus vosnesenskii 52
- Bombus caliginosus 54
- Bombus vandykei 57
- Bombus impatiens 59
- Bombus bimaculatus 62
- Bombus perplexus 64
- Bombus vagans 67
- Bombus sandersoni 70
- Bombus jonellus 73
- Bombus frigidus 75
- Bombus mixtus 77
- Bombus ternarius 80
- Bombus huntii 82
- Bombus sylvicola 84
- Bombus melanopygus 87
- Bombus bifarius 90
- Bombus centralis 93
- Bombus flavifrons 95
- Bombus sitkensis 98
- Bombus polaris 100
- Bombus balteatus 103
- Bombus neoboreus 105
- Bombus hyperboreus 108
SHORT-CHEEKED BEES WITH A ROUNDED ANGLE ON THE MIDLEG
- Bombus terricola 111
- Bombus occidentalis 114
- Bombus cryptarum 117
- Bombus franklini 119
- Bombus affinis 121
- Bombus griseocollis 123
- Bombus morrisoni 126
- Bombus fraternus 128
- Bombus crotchii 130
- Bombus rufocinctus 133
MEDIUM- OR LONG-CHEEKED BEES WITH A SHARP ANGLE ON THE MIDLET
- Bombus fervidus 136
- Bombus borealis 139
- Bombus distinguendus 142
- Bombus appositus 144
- Bombus pensylvanicus 147
- Bombus auricomus 150
- Bombus nevadensis 152
HINDLEG (TIBIA) WITH THE OUTER SURFACE UNIFORMLY CONVEX AND DENSELY HAIRY (CUCKOO BUMBLE BEES, NO WORKERS)
- Bombus citrinus 155
- Bombus variabilis 157
- Bombus insularis 159
- Bombus bohemicus 161
- Bombus suckleyi 163
- Bombus flavidus 165
Identification Keys to Female and Male Bumble Bees, with Photos 168
Glossary 199
Additional Resources 203
Acknowledgments 204
Photo Credits 206
Index 207

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Bumble Bees of North America: An Identification Guide 4.7 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 29 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
&female <p> Crush-i just got here <p> history- Mom shadow and dad shadow were fighting and killed each other <p> Age-14 moons <p> looks- A dark black she wirh more than a few scares a white tipped tail and white paws <p> ANY THING ELSE JUST ASK!!!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Gender: tom Age: 20 moons old &#1492 Rank: warrior <br>Description: bright orange (in sunlight) muscular and amber eyes. <br>Personality: caring, fierce, loyal, protective, funny, and he will do anything to help. History: won't tell everyone. He will only tell his past to cats he trusts. Other: just ask!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Name: Myntpaw <br> Gender: Shecat <br> Looks: Grey pelt, when the sun shines on it it looks slightly green. Green eyes, tiny figure. <br> Personality: Jumpy, nervous around new cats, very shy. Kind and gentle, understanding. <br> History: Born in an abandoned fox den. Father was dead when she was born. She saw her mother being killed by 2 foxes and it scarred her forever. After that, fond a cat named Pincecone who taught her herbs. After he left her, she came here. <br> Crush: Nope <br> Other: Ask
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
&clubs Wisppaw &clubs <p> Gender: Tom <br> Age: Seven moons <br> Appreance: A light, smoky gray, with a white tipped tail. Dark blue eyes. A bit on the small side. <br> Personality: Mature for his age, and calm and collected at most times. Not quick to anger, but when he IS angry, you will know. He is quick to defend his friends and family, either from words or physical blows. He is especially protective of Dreampaw, his only surving sister and twin. <br> Kin:<br> Dreampaw: Amberclan, sister, alive <br> Stormeye: Sunclan, brother, deceased <br> Firespirit: Sunclan, sister, missing <br> Earthdrop: Sunclan, brother, deceased <br> Nightfrost: Sunclan, mother, deceased <br> Windclaw: Sunclan, father, deceased <br> Crush/Mate/Kits: Not telling/O.o/O.o <br> Other: Ask! <p> &hearts Dreampaw &hearts <p> Gender: She <br> Age: Seven moons <br> Appearance: Same light, smoky gray fur as Wisppaw, but with jade green eyes. Already on the small side, but sticks to the shadows and tries to make herself smaller than she is. <br> Personality: Very, very shy. Almost to the point where she won't talk at all. She almost never talks anyway, and when she does she stutters very much. She is attached to her brother, and is rarely seen without him. She is VERY afraid of nightmares, and as result goes for as long as she can, sometimes even a week, without sleep. If without sleep long enough, and not forced -rarely ever happens, and never succesful-, she WILL collapse. She is training to become a Med Cat <br> Kin: See Wisppaw <br> Crush/Mate/Kits: O.o/O.o/O.o <br> Other: Ask!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Name -- VineStar. <br> Age -- 22 moons old. <br> Gender -- Femme. <br> Rank -- Leader of AmberClan. <br> Apprentice -- DarkPaw. <br> Crush -- Once, but no longer. <br> Mate -- Again, no longer. <br> Kits -- Loves them, but has none of her own. <br> Siggy -- Vine<_>&Theta <br> RPer -- Lin &#9788 <p> Appearance -- Vine has fluffy ecru fur, with hazel stripes on her back. Her muzzle is heavily-scarred. Being quite svelte and slender, she is also small, but her thick pelt makes her seem larger than she really is. Her eyes are a deep, stormy grey, with several shades. <p> Persona -- Vine is constantly happy and an altruist at heart. She loves being able to help others, and the members of her Clan. She's hard-working to a scary extent, and is very tired at all times. <p> History -- Vine was once a rogue who traveled alngside the infamous Pandemonium. But she broke away from them and joined AmberClan when it was first formed. She was deputy then, but the original leader, HoneyStar, left to become a kittypet. She appointed her beloved friend TawnyStorm, the creator of this Clan, as deputy, and has lead ever since. She refuses to let her Clan die.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
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Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Name:Applefire <p> Gender: &female <p> Age: 100 or so moons. <p> Rank: Elder <p> History: Lived in several clans, with her mate, Brackentail. Had three kits, whom dispersed. She does not know where they are now. <p> Kits: Dapplepelt, Dawngleam, and Toadflight. <p> Other: Ask.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
DONT IGNORE ME! I WAS HERE BEFORE ALL OF YOU, WHEN WE WERE STILL AT NIGHTENGALE AND DROPPAW, BRAMBLEKIT, ELECTRICEKIT, DARKJAGUAR, JAGUARHEART, AND DRIZZLEFIRE WERE STILL HERE!!!!i miss them.~Willowbreeze(stupid newbs everywhere!AAAGGGGHHH!)
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Gently presses some on Dewkit and Rainkit. She nuzzles them. She lets them suckle before theh nap. She calls Bramblekit in. Graysuns kit Thornkit stays outside. They suckle quietly as Bluemist sleeps.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Tears eletricflare apart
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Yep. She did kit. Tonight.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Hh
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Then, leafdrop came from behind to corner the dog
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Cheered, knowing she must not be ready for apprenticeship
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Check out my post in res one
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Go to result four. That's the camp.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Watched the battle of the badger. He thought o himself that protecting blossomtail will help him forget the terrible memory.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Juniperpaw! Tawnypaw! Orcalily! Dashing?!(forgot his name sorry!)" She cheered.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
An expert poet and prophecy rhyme maker
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Its not a good feeling to be ignored, all the cats in that prophecy are popular ):O
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
"The embers shall rise to be feared by the star but when the lily blossoms and falcon takes flight the orca will swim to the tide. Winter shall leave a cough of green and the gentle soul shall drop again."
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
My nook broke on me and I cant nessecarily rp anymore. U mught be back if its dixible.... but dont miss me too much.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
( pads in ) hello im spotedfur and i just joined the clan and i want to make some friends
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
CLOUDHEART! WINTERFERN!