ISBN-10:
1337740985
ISBN-13:
9781337740982
Pub. Date:
02/09/2017
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Bundle: College Physics, Loose-Leaf Version, 11th + WebAssign Printed Access Card for Physics, Multi-Term Courses / Edition 11

Bundle: College Physics, Loose-Leaf Version, 11th + WebAssign Printed Access Card for Physics, Multi-Term Courses / Edition 11

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ISBN-13: 9781337740982
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 02/09/2017
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author


Raymond A. Serway is Professor Emeritus at James Madison University. He earned his doctorate at Illinois Institute of Technology. Among his accolades, he received an honorary doctorate degree from his alma mater, Utica College, the 1990 Madison Scholar Award at James Madison University (where he taught for 17 years), the 1977 Distinguished Teaching Award at Clarkson University and the 1985 Alumni Achievement Award from Utica College. As a Guest Scientist at the IBM Research Laboratory in Zurich, Switzerland, Dr. Serway worked with K. Alex Müller, who shared the 1987 Nobel Prize in Physics. He also was a visiting scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, where he collaborated with his mentor and friend, the late Sam Marshall. In addition to this text, Dr. Serway is the co-author of COLLEGE PHYSICS, Eleventh Edition; PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, Fifth Edition; ESSENTIALS OF COLLEGE PHYSICS; MODERN PHYSICS, Third Edition; and the high school textbook PHYSICS, published by Holt McDougal. He has published more than 40 research papers in the field of condensed matter physics and has given more than 60 presentations at professional meetings.


Chris Vuille (PhD, University of Florida) is associate professor of physics at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, the world's premier institution for aviation higher education. While he has taught courses at all levels, including postgraduate, his primary interest is the teaching of introductory physics courses. He conducts research in general relativity, astrophysics, cosmology, and quantum theory and was a participant in a special three-year NASA grant program where he studied properties of neutron stars. His work has appeared in many scientific journals and in ANALOG SCIENCE FICTION/SCIENCE FACT magazine. He is the coauthor of COLLEGE PHYSICS, Eleventh Edition and ESSENTIALS OF COLLEGE PHYSICS.

Table of Contents

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Part 1Mechanics
Chapter 1Introduction1
1.1Standards of Length, Mass, and Time1
1.2The Building Blocks of Matter4
1.3Dimensional Analysis5
1.4Uncertainty in Measurement and Significant Figures7
1.5Conversion of Units9
1.6Estimates and Order-of-Magnitude Calculations11
1.7Coordinate Systems13
1.8Trigonometry14
1.9Problem-Solving Strategy16
Summary17
Chapter 2Motion in One Dimension23
2.1Displacement24
2.2Velocity25
2.3Acceleration30
2.4Motion Diagrams33
2.5One-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration35
2.6Freely Falling Objects41
Summary45
Chapter 3Vectors and Two-Dimensional Motion53
3.1Vectors and Their Properties53
3.2Components of a Vector56
3.3Displacement, Velocity, and Acceleration in Two Dimensions59
3.4Motion in Two Dimensions60
3.5Relative Velocity68
Summary72
Chapter 4The Laws of Motion81
4.1Forces81
4.2Newton's First Law83
4.3Newton's Second Law84
4.4Newton's Third Law90
4.5Applications of Newton's Laws92
4.6Forces of Friction100
Summary107
Chapter 5Energy118
5.1Work118
5.2Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem123
5.3Gravitational Potential Energy126
5.4Spring Potential Energy134
5.5Systems and Energy Conservation140
5.6Power142
5.7Work Done by a Varying Force146
Summary148
Chapter 6Momentum and Collisions160
6.1Momentum and Impulse160
6.2Conservation of Momentum166
6.3Collisions168
6.4Glancing Collisions175
6.5Rocket Propulsion177
Summary180
Chapter 7Rotational Motion and the Law of Gravity189
7.1Angular Speed and Angular Acceleration189
7.2Rotational Motion Under Constant Angular Acceleration193
7.3Relations Between Angular and Linear Quantities194
7.4Centripetal Acceleration198
7.5Newtonian Gravitation206
7.6Kepler's Laws214
Summary217
Chapter 8Rotational Equilibrium and Rotational Dynamics226
8.1Torque227
8.2Torque and the Two Conditions for Equilibrium230
8.3The Center of Gravity232
8.4Examples of Objects in Equilibrium234
8.5Relationship Between Torque and Angular Acceleration237
8.6Rotational Kinetic Energy244
8.7Angular Momentum247
Summary251
Chapter 9Solids and Fluids266
9.1States of Matter266
9.2The Deformation of Solids268
9.3Density and Pressure274
9.4Variation of Pressure with Depth277
9.5Pressure Measurements281
9.6Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principle282
9.7Fluids in Motion288
9.8Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics294
9.9Surface Tension, Capillary Action, and Viscous Fluid Flow298
9.10Transport Phenomena305
Summary309
Part 2Thermodynamics
Chapter 10Thermal Physics321
10.1Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics322
10.2Thermometers and Temperature Scales323
10.3Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids327
10.4Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gas334
10.5The Kinetic Theory of Gases339
Summary344
Chapter 11Energy in Thermal Processes352
11.1Heat and Internal Energy352
11.2Specific Heat355
11.3Calorimetry357
11.4Latent Heat and Phase Change359
11.5Energy Transfer365
11.6Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases375
Summary377
Chapter 12The Laws of Thermodynamics386
12.1Work in Thermodynamic Processes386
12.2The First Law of Thermodynamics389
12.3Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics399
12.4Entropy408
12.5Human Metabolism413
Summary416
Part 3Vibrations and Waves
Chapter 13Vibrations and Waves424
13.1Hooke's Law424
13.2Elastic Potential Energy427
13.3Comparing Simple Harmonic Motion with Uniform Circular Motion432
13.4Position, Velocity, and Acceleration as a Function of Time435
13.5Motion of a Pendulum438
13.6Damped Oscillations441
13.7Waves441
13.8Frequency, Amplitude, and Wavelength444
13.9The Speed of Waves on Strings446
13.10Interference of Waves447
13.11Reflection of Waves448
Summary449
Chapter 14Sound458
14.1Producing a Sound Wave458
14.2Characteristics of Sound Waves459
14.3The Speed of Sound461
14.4Energy and Intensity of Sound Waves463
14.5Spherical and Plane Waves465
14.6The Doppler Effect467
14.7Interference of Sound Waves473
14.8Standing Waves475
14.9Forced Vibrations and Resonance479
14.10Standing Waves in Air Columns480
14.11Beats484
14.12Quality of Sound486
14.13The Ear487
Summary489
Part 4Electricity and Magnetism
Chapter 15Electric Forces and Electric Fields497
15.1Properties of Electric Charges497
15.2Insulators and Conductors497
15.3Coulomb's Law500
15.4The Electric Field505
15.5Electric Field Lines510
15.6Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium512
15.7The Millikan Oil-Drop Experiment515
15.8The Van de Graaff Generator516
15.9Electric Flux and Gauss's Law517
Summary523
Chapter 16Electrical Energy and Capacitance531
16.1Potential Difference and Electric Potential531
16.2Electric Potential and Potential Energy Due to Point Charges538
16.3Potentials and Charged Conductors541
16.4Equipotential Surfaces542
16.5Applications543
16.6Capacitance545
16.7The Parallel-Plate Capacitor546
16.8Combinations of Capacitors548
16.9Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitor554
16.10Capacitors with Dielectrics556
Summary561
Chapter 17Current and Resistance568
17.1Electric Current568
17.2A Microscopic View: Current and Drift Speed570
17.3Current and Voltage Measurements in Circuits572
17.4Resistance and Ohm's Law573
17.5Resistivity575
17.6Temperature Variation of Resistance577
17.7Superconductors579
17.8Electrical Energy and Power580
17.9Electrical Activity in the Heart583
Summary586
Chapter 18Direct Current Circuits592
18.1Sources of emf592
18.2Resistors in Series593
18.3Resistors in Parallel596
18.4Kirchhoff's Rules and Complex DC Circuits601
18.5RC Circuits605
18.6Household Circuits609
18.7Electrical Safety611
18.8Conduction of Electrical Signals by Neurons612
Summary614
Chapter 19Magnetism624
19.1Magnets624
19.2Earth's Magnetic Field626
19.3Magnetic Fields628
19.4Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor631
19.5Torque on a Current Loop and Electric Motors634
19.6Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field637
19.7Magnetic Field of a Long, Straight Wire and Ampere's Law640
19.8Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel Conductors643
19.9Magnetic Fields of Current Loops and Solenoids644
19.10Magnetic Domains648
Summary649
Chapter 20Induced Voltages and Inductance660
20.1Induced emf and Magnetic Flux660
20.2Faraday's Law of Induction663
20.3Motional emf667
20.4Lenz's Law Revisited (The Minus Sign in Faraday's Law)670
20.5Generators673
20.6Self-Inductance677
20.7RL Circuits680
20.8Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field682
Summary683
Chapter 21Alternating Current Circuits and Electromagnetic Waves693
21.1Resistors in an AC Circuit693
21.2Capacitors in an AC Circuit696
21.3Inductors in an AC Circuit697
21.4The RLC Series Circuit699
21.5Power in an AC Circuit702
21.6Resonance in a Series RLC Circuit704
21.7The Transformer705
21.8Maxwell's Predictions707
21.9Hertz's Confirmation of Maxwell's Predictions708
21.10Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an Antenna709
21.11Properties of Electromagnetic Waves710
21.12The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves715
21.13The Doppler Effect for Electromagnetic Waves718
Summary718
Part 5Light and Optics
Chapter 22Reflection and Refraction of Light726
22.1The Nature of Light726
22.2Reflection and Refraction727
22.3The Law of Refraction732
22.4Dispersion and Prisms736
22.5The Rainbow738
22.6Huygens' Principle739
22.7Total Internal Reflection742
Summary745
Chapter 23Mirrors and Lenses754
23.1Flat Mirrors754
23.2Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors757
23.3Convex Mirrors and Sign Conventions759
23.4Images Formed by Refraction765
23.5Atmospheric Refraction768
23.6Thin Lenses769
23.7Lens and Mirror Aberrations777
Summary779
Chapter 24Wave Optics786
24.1Conditions for Interference786
24.2Young's Double-Slit Experiment787
24.3Change of Phase Due to Reflection791
24.4Interference in Thin Films792
24.5Using Interference to Read CD's and DVD's796
24.6Diffraction797
24.7Single-Slit Diffraction798
24.8The Diffraction Grating800
24.9Polarization of Light Waves804
Summary811
Chapter 25Optical Instruments819
25.1The Camera819
25.2The Eye820
25.3The Simple Magnifier825
25.4The Compound Microscope827
25.5The Telescope829
25.6Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular Apertures831
25.7The Michelson Interferometer836
Summary837
Part 6Modern Physics
Chapter 26Relativity843
26.1Introduction843
26.2The Principle of Galilean Relativity844
26.3The Speed of Light845
26.4The Michelson-Morley Experiment846
26.5Einstein's Principle of Relativity849
26.6Consequences of Special Relativity850
26.7Relativistic Momentum858
26.8Relativistic Addition of Velocities859
26.9Relativistic Energy and the Equivalence of Mass and Energy860
26.10Pair Production and Annihilation865
26.11General Relativity865
Summary868
Chapter 27Quantum Physics874
27.1