by Victoria Barnett, Victoria Barnett


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Bystanders by Victoria Barnett, Victoria Barnett

The Holocaust did not introduce the phenomenon of the bystander, but it did illustrate the terrible consequences of indifference and passivity towards the persecution of others. Although the term was initially applied only to the good Germans—the apathetic citizens who made genocide possible through unquestioning obedience to evil leaders—recent Holocaust scholarship has shown that it applies to most of the world, including parts of the population in Nazi-occupied countries, some sectors within the international Christian and Jewish communities, and the Allied governments themselves. This work analyzes why this happened, drawing on the insights of historians, Holocaust survivors, and Christian and Jewish ethicists. The author argues that bystander behavior cannot be attributed to a single cause, such as anti-Semitism, but can only be understood within a complex framework of factors that shape human behavior individually, socially, and politically.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780313291845
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 06/30/1999
Series: Contributions to the Study of Religion: Christianity and the Holocaust--Core Issues Series , #59
Pages: 208
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.63(d)

About the Author

VICTORIA J. BARNETT is a consultant for the Department of Church Relations, U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. She has written numerous scholarly articles on religious topics. An authority on the history of the churches during the Holocaust, she is the author of For the Soul of the People: Protestant Protest against Hitler (1992).

Table of Contents


Who Is a Bystander?

Individual Behavior

Collective Behavior

Interpreting the Holocaust

The Role of Totalitarianism

Attitudes Toward "The Other": Prejudice and Indifference

The Dynamics of Indifference

A Broken World: Religious Interpretations of the Holocaust

Acts of Disruptive Empathy: One Village

The Individual as Ethical Being



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