Byzantium/Modernism features contributions by fourteen international scholars and brings together a diverse range of interdisciplinary essays on art, architecture, theatre, film, literature, and philosophy, which examine how and why Byzantine art and image theory can contribute to our understanding of modern and contemporary visual culture. Particular attention is given to intercultural dialogues between the former dominions of the Byzantine Empire, with a special focus on Greece, Turkey, and Russia, and the artistic production of Western Europe and America. Together, these essays invite the reader to think critically and theoretically about the dialogic interchange between Byzantium and modernism and to consider this cross-temporal encounter as an ongoing and historically deep narrative, rather than an ephemeral or localized trend.Contributors are Tulay Atak, Charles Barber, Elena Boeck, Anthony Cutler, Rico Franses, Dimitra Kotoula, Marie-José Mondzain, Myroslava M. Mudrak, Robert S. Nelson, Robert Ousterhout, Stratis Papaioannou, Glenn Peers, Jane A. Sharp and Devin Singh.
About the Author
Roland Betancourt, Ph.D. (2014), Yale University, is Assistant Professor of Art History at the University of California, Irvine. He has published articles and essays on the intersection of Byzantine art, liturgy, and image theory, as well as on contemporary media and visual culture. His work and methodology focus on both Byzantine and contemporary discourses on the ontological valences of the image and its temporality.Maria Taroutina, Ph.D. (2013), Yale University, is Assistant Professor of Art History at Yale–NUS College in Singapore. She has published a number of articles and essays on the art and architecture of Imperial and early Soviet Russia and is currently working on the book, From the Tessera to the Square: Russian Modernism and the Russo-Byzantine Revival.
Table of Contents
ContentsAcknowledgments IXPreface XIList of Illustrations XVList of Contributors XIXExplanation of the Cover XXIIIPart 1Byzantium and ModernismIntroduction: Byzantium and Modernism 1Maria TaroutinaSection 1The Avant-Gardes and Their Counter Movements1 Modernism’s Byzantium Byzantium’s Modernism 15Robert S. Nelson2 Kazimir Malevich and the Liturgical Tradition of EasternChristianity 37Myroslava M. MudrakSection 2Modernism’s Precursors3 Arts and Crafts and the ‘Byzantine’: The Greek Connection 75Dimitra Kotoula4 Archaeology of Decadence: Uncovering Byzantium in VictorienSardou’s Theodora 102Elena N. BoeckSection 3Byzantine Tactics, Modernist Strategies in Architectural Discourse5 Abstraction’s Economy: Hagia Sophia in the Imaginary ofModern Architecture 135Tulay Atak6 Byzantine Architecture: A Moving Target? 163Robert OusterhoutPart 2The Slash as MethodIntroduction: The Slash as Method 179Roland BetancourtSection 4Reading across Time: Modern Subjects, Byzantine Objects7 Byzantium and the Modernist Subject: The Case of AutobiographicalLiterature 195Stratis Papaioannou8 One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish: Byzantine Visual Structures inthe Light of Twentieth-Century Practice and Theory 212Anthony CutlerSection 5Byzantine New Media: The Photographic and Filmic Icon9 Iconicity of the Photographic Image: Theodore of Stoudios and AndreBazin 237Devin Singh10 Tarkovsky: Embodying the Screen 254Marie-José MondzainSection 6Presence, Representation, and the Gaze: The Byzantine at the Endsof Modernity11 ‘Action-Paradise’ and ‘Readymade Reliquaries’: Eccentric Histories in/of Recent Russian Art 271Jane A. Sharp12 Lacan and Byzantine Art: In the Beginning was the Image 311Rico Franses13 Beyond Representation/The Gift of Sight 330Charles BarberCODA14 We Have Never been Byzantine: On Analogy 349Glenn PeersSelect Bibliography 361Index 367