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McGraw-Hill Companies, The
California: An Interpretive History / Edition 9

California: An Interpretive History / Edition 9

by James J. Rawls


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780073534640
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date: 12/28/2006
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 553

About the Author

Rawls received his M.A. and Ph.D. in history from the University of California, Berkeley. He serves as an editor of California History, the journal of the California Historical Society. He has published many articles and reviews that have appeared in Journal of American History, Pacific Historical Reviews, and American Indian Quarterly.

Table of Contents


Part One: California Beginnings

Chapter 1 Introduction: Geography and History

The Origins of California

Regional Diversity

The Climates of California

Chapter 2 The Original Californians

Food and Population

Aspects of Material Culture

Location, Linguistic Groups, Tribes

Social Culture

Chapter 3 Discovery, Exploration, and Founding

The Finding and Naming of California

Cabrillo and the Discovery of Alta California

Francis Drake and Nova Albion

The Manila Galleon and the California Coast

Vizcaino and Monterey

Spain’s Indian Policies

The Mission as a Frontier Institution

Galvez and the Plan for Alta California

The Franciscans and Father Serra

The Sacred Expedition

Chapter 4 Outposts of a Dying Empire

Bucareli, Anza, and the Founding of San Francisco

Neve and the Pueblos of San Jose and Los Angeles

Native Resistance

The Impact of the Missions

Attempts at Reinforcement

Exploration of the Central Valley

The Coming of the Russians

The Last Years Under the Spanish Flag

Chapter 5 A Marginal Province of a Troubled Republic

Government and Politics in Theory and Practice

The Secularization Problem

From Echeandia to Figueroa

Figueroa and Secularization

Alvarado and Provincial Autonomy

The Heyday of the Rancheros

Chapter 6 American Infiltration: Trader, Trappers, and Settlers

The Yankee Traders

The Beaver Trappers

Early Settlers

Covered Wagons, 1841-1846

Part Two: The Rush for Riches

Chapter 7 The American Conquest

Overtures, Diplomatic and Undiplomatic

Plans of the Polk Administration

John Charles Fremont

The Bear Flag Revolt

The Mexican War and California

Chapter 8 The Gold Rush and Economic Development

Marshall’s Discovery at Sutter’s Mill

The Forty-Eighters

The Forty-Niners

The Diggings

Early Mining Methods

Mining Camp Law

From an Adventure to a Profession

An Economic Multiplier

The Historical Significance of the Gold Rush

Chapter 9 A New State and Frontier Politics

Military Governments

The Constitutional Convention and Its Problems

The First Legislature

The Admission of California to the Union

The Feud Between Broderick and Gwin

Movements for State Division

California and the Civil War

Chapter 10 Crime and Punishment

The Nature of Vigilantism

The Hounds in San Francisco

The San Francisco Committee of 1851

Statewide Vigilance

The San Francisco Committee of 1856

Chapter 11 Racial Oppression and Conflict

Treatment of Mexican Miners

Land-Title Troubles

The Act of 1851 and the Land Commission

Early Discrimination Against the Chinese

The “Indian Question”

Episodes in Extermination

Decline and Exploitation

Blacks Enslaved and Free

Chapter 12 Culture and Anarchy

Newspapers and Literary Magazines

Writers of the Fifties

Bret Harte

Mark Twain

Joaquin Miller

Churches and Schools

Part Three: The Railroad Era

Chapter 13 Building the Central Pacific Railroad

Early Transportation

Judah and the Conception of the Central Pacific

Enter the Four “Associates”

Federal and State Support

Difficulties and the Death of Judah

Solving the Problems of Construction

Chapter 14 The “Terrible Seventies”

The Onset of Depression

Transportation Monopoly

Land Monopoly

The Comstock and Overspeculation

Chapter 15 Political Turmoil and a New Constitution

The Increase of Anti-Chinese Sentiment

The Workingmen’s Party of California

The Constitution of 1879

The Frustration of Reform

Chinese ExclWorkingmen’sregation

Chapter 16 Economic Growth

The Wheat Bonanza


The Citrus Industry

The Rise of Southern California

Water and Land

Electric Railways and Urbanization

Chapter 17 Culture and Oligarchy

Henry George

Ambrose Bierce

Frank Norris

Jack London

Hubert Howe Bancroft

Lords of the Press

The Arts and Architecture

Schools, Colleges, and Universities

Chapter 18 Politics in the Era of Railroad Domination

The Colton Letters

The Huntington-Stanford Feud

Los Angeles Fights for a Free Harbor

The Funding Bill

The Southern Pacific Machine

William F. Herrin

Failure of Nineteenth-Century Reform Movements

Part Four: Modernization and its Discontents

Chapter 19 Labor and Capital

Backgrounds of the California Labor Movement

The Rise of Unions in San Francisco

Triumph of the Open Shop in Los Angeles

Agricultural Labor: Unorganized and Disfranchised


Chapter 20 The Roots of Reform

Boss Ruef and the Union Labor Party

The San Francisco Graft Prosecution

The Good Government Movement in Los Angeles

The Lincoln-Roosevelt League

Chapter 21 The Republican Progressives in Power

Public Utility Regulation

Governmental Efficiency and Finance

More Democracy

Nonpartisanship and Cross-Filing

Woman Suffrage

Public Morals

The Progressives and Labor

The Anti-Japanese Movement

The Decline of Progressivism

Chapter 22 The Triumph of Conservatism

Rise and Fall of the Socialist Movement

The Mooney Case

The Criminal Syndicalism Law

Decline of Organized Labor

Collapse of the Democratic Party

The Continuing Decline of Republican Progressivism

The “Federal Plan” of Reapportionment

Chapter 23 New Industries for Southern California

Origins of the Oil Industry

The Oil Boom of the Twenties

The Automobile Revolution

The Movies Discover California

Rise of “The Industry”

Chapter 24 Controversies over Land and Water

The Yosemite and John Muir

The Hetch Hetchy Controversy

The Owens Valley-Los Angeles Aqueduct

The Boulder Canyon Project

The Colorado River Aqueduct

The Central Valley Project

The 160-Acre Limit

Part Five: The State and the Nation

Chapter 25 The Great Depression

“Sunny Jim”

Social Messiahs

Depression and Deportation

Labor Strife

Upton Sinclair and EPIC

From Merriam to Olson

Chapter 26 Cultural Trends

Robinson Jeffers

John Steinbeck

William Saroyan and Other Writers

William Randolph Hearst and Other Journalists

The Arts


Chapter 27 Wartime Growth and Problems

The Impact of Federal Spending

Wartime shipyards

“Americans All”

Rise of the Aircraft Industry

The Relocation of the Japanese Americans

Chapter 28 Politics California Style

Nonpartisanship Favors the Republicans

Filling the Void

The Governorship of Earl Warren

The Spurious Issue of “Loyalty”

The Governorship of Edmund G. Brown

Extremists, Right and Left

Chapter 29 Industrialized Agriculture and Disorganized Labor Green Gold

The Empire of Agribusiness

“Farm Fascism” in the 1930s

The Rise and Fall of the Bracero Program

Unionization Breaks Through

Equal Protection of the Laws

Chapter 30 Diversity and Conflict

California Indians


African Americans



Part Six: The Challenge of California

Chapter 31 A Season of Discontent

The Growth Rate: Peak and Slowdown




Campus Turmoil

The Hippie Movement

Black Radicalism

The Decline of Radicalism

Chapter 32 Culture and Identity


Painting and Sculpture



Chapter 33 Recent California Politics

The Conservative Revival

The Era of Limits and Beyond

The Politics of Resentment

The Perils of Moderation

The Politics of Personality

Chapter 34 The Environment and Energy

Regional Protection


Growth Control

Air Pollution

Water Resources

Pesticides and Toxic Wastes

Renewable Energy

Nuclear Power

Petroleum Dependency

The Electric Energy Crisis

Chapter 35 The New California Economy

The Sunbelt Shift

The Pacific Rim

The Post-Industrialism

High Technology

The Internet Revolution

The Arsenal of America




Chapter 36 Contemporary California Society




Health Care

Criminal Justice

The New Californians


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