Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Laboratory Practical Book

Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Laboratory Practical Book

by Bryan Earl


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Improve your students' scientific skills and report writing with achievable experiments and simple structured guidance. This Laboratory Practical Book supports the teaching and learning of the practical assessment element of the Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Syllabus. Using this book, students will interpret and evaluate experimental observations and data. They will also plan investigations, evaluate methods and suggest possible improvements. Demonstrates the essential techniques, apparatus, and materials that students require to become accomplished scientists, Improves the quality of written work with guidance, prompts and experiment writing frames, Develops experimental skills and abilities through a series of easily achievable investigations, Prepares students for the Practical paper or the Alternative, with past exam questions, Answers can be found on the Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Teacher's CD 9781444196290, For 25 years we have been trusted by Cambridge schools around the world to provide quality support for teaching and learning. For this reason we have been selected by Cambridge International Examinations as an official publisher of endorsed material for their syllabuses.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781444192209
Publisher: Hodder Education Group
Publication date: 07/31/2015
Pages: 128
Product dimensions: 6.70(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Experimental skills and abilities

Skills for scientific enquiry 1

Safety 1

Using and organising techniques, apparatus and materials 3

Observing, measuring and recording 6

Handling experimental observations and data 9

Planning, carrying out and evaluating investigations 11


1 The particulate nature of matter 15

1.1 Rate of diffusion of ammonia and hydrogen chloride (Teacher demonstration) 15

1.2 Reaction of potassium iodide with lead(II) nitrate 19

1.3 Sublimation of iodine 23

2 Elements, compounds and experimental techniques 26

2.1 Rock salt: an important raw material 26

2.2 Ascending chromatography 30

2.3 Elements, mixtures and compounds (Part 1 Teacher demonstration) 35

3 Atomic structure and bonding 39

3.1 Structure of substances 39

3.2 Properties of ionic and covalent substances 42

3.3 Electrolysis of solutions 45

4 Stoichiometry - chemical calculations 48

4.1 Determination of the formula of magnesium oxide 48

4.2 Determination of the volume occupied by one mole of a gas 53

4.3 Determination of the percentage yield of a chemical reaction 57

5 Electricity and chemistry 62

5.1 Electrolysis of lead(II) bromide (Teacher demonstration) 62

5.2 Electrolysis of water (Teacher demonstration) 67

5.3 Electrolysis of brine (Teacher demonstration) 70

6 Chemical energetics 74

6.1 Electrochemical cells: chemical energy to electrical energy 74

6.2 Calculating the energy of combustion of methanol and ethanol 78

6.3 Determination of the energy change of a displacement reaction 83

7 Chemical reactions 89

7.1 How does changing surface area affect the rate of a reaction? 89

7.2 What is the effect of changing the temperature on the rate of a reaction? 94

7.3 What is the effect of changing the concentration on the rate of a reaction? 99

8 Acids, bases and salts 103

8.1 Hydrated salts: how much water do they contain? 103

8.2 Determination of the concentration of a solution of hydrochloric acid 107

8.3 Preparation of hydrated magnesium sulfate 111

9 The Periodic Table 115

9.1 Reactions of the Group 1 metals (Teacher demonstration) 115

9.2 Halogen displacement reactions 121

9.3 Using transition metal ions as catalysts 126

10 Metals 131

10.1 Metal displacement reactions 131

10.2 Rusting of iron 136

10.3 Metal reactivity 141

11 Air and water 144

11.1 The active part of the air (Teacher demonstration) 144

11.2 Making a fertiliser 149

11.3 The effects of acid rain 154

12 Sulfur 157

12.1 Sulfuric acid: a useful quantitative analytical chemical 157

12.2 Concentrated sulfuric acid (Teacher demonstration) 162

12.3 Properties of dilute sulfuric acid 165

13 Inorganic carbon chemistry 170

13.1 Limestone: a useful resource 170

13.2 Does the food we eat contain carbon? 175

13.3 Carbon dioxide 178

14 Organic chemistry 1 183

14.1 Is methane a hydrocarbon? 183

14.2 Difference between alkanes and alkenes 188

14.3 Hydrocarbons can form isomers 192

15 Organic chemistry 2 196

15.1 Organic structures and functional groups 196

15.2 Nylon rope trick (Teacher demonstration) 201

15.3 Properties of dilute ethanoic acid 205

16 Experimental chemistry 210

16.1 Missing labels from reagent bottles: what a problem! 210

16.2 Using flame colours to identify unknown metal ions 214

16.3 How pure is your water supply? 217

Past exam questions

Practical Test past exam questions 220

Alternative to practical past exam questions 228

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