Canard Cycles and Center Manifolds available in Paperback
- Pub. Date:
- American Mathematical Society
In this book, the ''canard phenomenon'' occurring in Van der Pol's equation $\epsilon \ddot x+(x^2+x)\dot x+x-a=0$ is studied. For sufficiently small $\epsilon >0$ and for decreasing $a$, the limit cycle created in a Hopf bifurcation at $a = 0$ stays of ''small size'' for a while before it very rapidly changes to ''big size'', representing the typical relaxation oscillation. The authors give a geometric explanation and proof of this phenomenon using foliations by center manifolds and blow-up of unfoldings as essential techniques. The method is general enough to be useful in the study of other singular perturbation problems.