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Candide
     

Candide

by Leonard Bernstein
 

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Candide, as a musical/opera, has a highly complex history, having gone through multiple alterations since it first premiered in 1956 with a book by Lillian Hellman. In the 1974 version, the book was rewritten by Hugh Wheeler (as adapted from Voltaire and at the insistence of director Hal Prince) with added humor, ultimately saving it

Overview

Candide, as a musical/opera, has a highly complex history, having gone through multiple alterations since it first premiered in 1956 with a book by Lillian Hellman. In the 1974 version, the book was rewritten by Hugh Wheeler (as adapted from Voltaire and at the insistence of director Hal Prince) with added humor, ultimately saving it from being a complete disaster by some accounts. In any case, the music is by Leonard Bernstein with lyrics by Richard Wilbur -- although additional lyrics are contributed by John Latouche, Dorothy Parker, Lillian Hellman, Bernstein, Stephen Sondheim, and John Wells. The 1956 version took itself too seriously, with Hellman attempting to make political statements with the admittedly sardonic Voltaire novelette. This recording is especially worthwhile in contrast to the far more publicized version written by Wheeler. For those who would prefer a more serious take on the musical, this recording is well done, and Bernstein's glorious score shines as usual.

Product Details

Release Date:
08/14/2012
Label:
Masterworks
UPC:
0886919747225
catalogNumber:
197472
Rank:
43486

Tracks

Album Credits

Performance Credits

Leonard Bernstein   Primary Artist
Barbara Cook   Vocals
Robert Barry   Vocals
Samuel Krachmalnick   Conductor
Thomas Pyle   Vocals
Conrad Bain   Vocals
Irra Petina   Vocals
George Blackwell   Vocals
Robert Rounseville   Vocals
Boris Aplon   Vocals
Max Adrian   Vocals
Charles Aschmann   Vocals
William Chapman   Vocals
Norman Roland   Vocals
Robert Mesrobian   Vocals
William Olvis   Vocals
Stanley Grover   Vocals
Candide Pit Orchestra   Performing Ensemble
Robert Cosden   Vocals
Joseph Bernard   Vocals
Tony Drake   Vocals
Louis Edmond   Vocals
Maud Scheerer   Vocals
Maria Novotna   Vocals
Candide Cast Ensemble   Choir, Chorus
Margaret Roy   Vocals
Fred Jones   Vocals
Doris Okerson   Vocals
Dori Davis   Vocals
Charles Morrell   Vocals
Dorothy Krebill   Vocals
Robert Rue   Vocals

Technical Credits

Leonard Bernstein   Composer,Orchestration
Barbara Cook   Liner Notes
Richard Wilbur   Lyricist
Tyrone Guthrie   Stage Direction
Didier C. Deutsch   Liner Notes,Reissue Producer
Goddard Lieberson   Producer
Fred Plaut   Engineer
Murray Zimney   Engineer
Hershy Kay   Orchestration
Edward T. Graham   Engineer
Ken Fredette   Art Direction
Samuel Krachmalnick   Music Direction
Roxanne Slimak   Reissue Package Design
Stacey Boyle   Tape Research
Darcy M. Proper   Reissue Producer
Tammy Van Aken   Reissue Package Coordinator
David Oppenheim   Producer
Lillian Hellman   Book

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