Coppa provides the first full-length study of Giacomo Antonelli, friend and advisor to Pope Pius IX (Pio Nono) and his Secretary of State and chief minister from 1849 to 1876. Based on the documents of the secret Vatican Archives, and neglected family papers in the State Archive in Rome, the book gives an important reevaluation of this key diplomatic figure, separating the man from the myth and delving into his character and policies.
The book examines both the personality and policies of the Cardinal, who was seen to be the Pope’s Richelieu and Mazarin combined. Confronting the polemical literature which has charged him with sexual misconduct and venality, the study examines his early formation and career, the inspiration for his European policies, his relationship to Pio Nono, and the part he played in the Counter-Risorgimento and the Papal reaction. By improving our understanding of Papal, Italian, and European developments during these crucial decades, this study provides new insights into Rome’s fortress mentality and its rejection of the main currents that were transforming western life currents that influenced not only the Catholic Church but European society as a whole.
|Publisher:||State University of New York Press|
|Sold by:||Barnes & Noble|
|File size:||1 MB|
About the Author
Frank J. Coppa is Professor of History at St. Johns University.
Table of Contents
Cardinal Giacomo Antonelli: The Myth and the Man
First Year: The Antonelli Family
Early Career: Giacomo Conquers Rome from the Provinces
Antonelli Accompanies Pio Nono on the Path of Reformism, 18461848
The Antonelli Government: The First Constitutional Ministry of the Papal States
The Cardinal Confronts the Revolution and the Roman Republic
Architect of the Conservative Restoration
The Quiet Before the Storm
The Cardinal Between the Intrigues of Napoleon III and the Intransigence of Pio Nono
Antonelli Confronts Italian Unification
The Troubled 1860s
The Infallible Pope and His Fallible Minister
The Fall of Rome and After
Last Years: "Prisoner" in the Vatican
Conclusion: Villain of the Risorgimento or Hero of the Counter-Risorgimento ?