ISBN-10:
1466552034
ISBN-13:
9781466552036
Pub. Date:
09/03/2013
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition / Edition 9

Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition / Edition 9

by Charles E. Carraher Jr.

Hardcover

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Overview

Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition / Edition 9

Most of the advancements in communication, computers, medicine, and air and water purity are linked to macromolecules and a fundamental understanding of the principles that govern their behavior. These fundamentals are explored in Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition. Continuing the tradition of previous volumes, the latest edition provides a well-rounded presentation of the principles and applications of polymers. With an emphasis on the environment and green chemistry and materials, this edition offers detailed coverage of natural and synthetic giant molecules, inorganic and organic polymers, biomacromolecules, elastomers, adhesives, coatings, fibers, plastics, blends, caulks, composites, and ceramics.

Using simple fundamentals, this book demonstrates how the basic principles of one polymer group can be applied to all of the other groups. It covers reactivities, synthesis and polymerization reactions, techniques for characterization and analysis, energy absorption and thermal conductivity, physical and optical properties, and practical applications. This edition includes updated techniques, new sections on a number of copolymers, expanded emphasis on nanotechnology and nanomaterials, and increased coverage of topics including carbon nanotubes, tapes and glues, photochemistry, and more.

With topics presented so students can understand polymer science even if certain parts of the text are skipped, this book is suitable as an undergraduate as well as an introductory graduate-level text. The author begins most chapters with theory followed by application, and generally addresses the most critical topics first. He provides all of the elements of an introductory text, covering synthesis, properties, applications, and characterization. This user-friendly book also contains definitions, learning objectives, questions, and additional reading in each chapter.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781466552036
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 09/03/2013
Edition description: Revised
Pages: 818
Product dimensions: 7.10(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.80(d)

About the Author

Charles E. Carraher, Jr., is a professor of chemistry and biochemistry at Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, and associate director of the Florida Center for Environmental Studies, Palm Beach Gardens. He was recognized as the most outstanding chemist in the southeastern United States (1992) by the American Chemical Society (ACS). Dr. Carraher currently serves as co-chair of the ACS’s Joint Polymer Education Committee, on the board of the Intersocietal Polymer Education Committee, and has been a member of the ACS’s Committee on Professional Training (CPT). He also serves as an associate editor of the Journal of Polymeric Materials and on the board of the Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials and the Journal Chinese Advanced Materials Society. The author or co-editor of about 70 books and over 1,000 articles, Dr. Carraher has chaired/co-chaired numerous national and international symposia. His research has led to the synthesis of over 75 new families of polymers.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Polymers
History of Polymers
Why Polymers?
Today’s Marketplace
Environmental Assessment

Polymer Structure (Morphology)
Stereochemistry of Polymers
Molecular Interactions
Polymer Crystals
Amorphous Bulk State
Polymer Structure–Property Relationships
Cross-Linking
Crystalline and Amorphous Combinations

Molecular Weight of Polymers
Introduction
Solubility
Average Molecular Weight Values
Fractionation of Polydisperse Systems
Chromatography
Colligative Molecular Weights
Light-Scattering Photometry
Other Techniques
Viscometry

Polycondensation Polymers (Step-Reaction Polymerization)
Comparison between Polymer Type and Kinetics of Polymerization
Introduction
Stepwise Kinetics
Polycondensation Mechanisms
Polyesters
Polycarbonates
Synthetic Polyamides
Polyimides
Polyamide-Imide
Polybenzimidazoles and Related Polymers
Polyurethanes and Polyureas
Polysulfides
Polyethers and Epoxies
Polysulfones
Poly(Ether Ether Ketone) and Polyketones
Phenolic and Amino Plastics
Furan Resins
Synthetic Routes
Liquid Crystals
Microfibers
General Stepwise Polymerization

Ionic Chain-Reaction and Complex Coordination Polymerization (Addition Polymerization)
Cationic Polymerization
Anionic Polymerization
Stereoregularity
Polymerization with Complex Coordination Catalysts
Soluble Stereoregulating Catalysis
Polyethylenes
Polypropylene
Polymers from 1,4-Dienes
Polyisobutylene
Metathesis Reactions
Zwitterionic Polymerization
Isomerization Polymerization
Precipitation Polymerization

Free-Radical Chain Polymerization (Addition Polymerization)
Initiators for Free-Radical Chain Polymerization
Mechanism for Free-Radical Chain Polymerization
Chain Transfer
Polymerization Techniques
Fluorine-Containing Polymers
Polystyrene
Poly(Vinyl Chloride)
Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)
Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) and Poly(Vinyl Acetals)
Polyacrylonitrile
Solid-State Irradiation Polymerization
Plasma Polymerizations

Copolymerization
Kinetics of Copolymerization
Q-e Scheme
Commercial Copolymers
Block Copolymers
Graft Copolymers
Elastomers
Thermoplastic Elastomers
Blends
Fluoroelastomers
Nitrile Rubber
Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Styrene Terpolymers
EPDM Rubber
Networks: General
Polymer Mixtures
Dendrites
Ionomers
Viscosity Modifiers

Composites and Fillers
Fillers
Types of Composites
Long-Fiber Composites: Theory
Fibers and Resins
Long-Fiber Composites: Applications
Nanocomposites
Fabrication
Metal-Matrix Composites

Naturally Occurring Polymers: Plants
Polysaccharides
Cellulose
Paper
Cellulose-Regenerating Processes
Esters and Ethers of Cellulose
Starch
Homopolysaccharides
Heteropolysaccharides
Synthetic Rubbers
Naturally Occurring Polyisoprenes
Resins
Balloons
Lignin
Melanins
Asphalt

Naturally Occurring Polymers: Animals
Proteins
Levels of Protein Structure
Nucleic Acids
Flow of Biological Information
RNA Interference
Polymer Structure
Protein Folding
Genetic Engineering
DNA Profiling
Human Genome: General
Chromosomes
Spliceosomes
Proteomics
Protein Site Activity Identification

Organometallic and Inorganic–Organic Polymers
Introduction
Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms
Condensation Organometallic Polymers
Coordination Polymers
Addition Polymers
Ion-Exchange Resins

Inorganic Polymers
Introduction
Portland Cement
Other Cements
Silicates
Silicon Dioxide (Amorphous)
Kinds of Amorphous Glass
Safety Glass
Lenses
Solgel
Aerogels
Silicon Dioxide (Crystalline Forms): Quartz Forms
Silicon Dioxide in Electronic Chips
Silicon Dioxide in Optical Fibers
Asbestos
Fly Ash and Aluminosilicates
Polymeric Carbon: Diamond
Polymeric Carbon: Graphite
Internal Cyclization: Carbon Fibers and Related Materials
Carbon Nanotubes
Bitumens
Carbon Black
Polysulfur
Ceramics
High-Temperature Superconductors
Zeolites

Testing and Spectrometric Characterization of Polymers
Spectronic Characterization of Polymers
Surface Characterization
Amorphous Region Determinations
Mass Spectrometry
Thermal Analysis
Thermal Property Tests
Flammability
Electric Properties: Theory
Electric Measurements
Optical Property Tests
Weatherability
Chemical Resistance
Measurement of Particle Size
Measurement of Adhesion
Permeability and Diffusion

Rheology and Physical Tests
Rheology
Typical Stress–Strain Behavior
Stress–Strain Relationships
Specific Physical Tests

Additives
Plasticizers
Antioxidants
Heat Stabilizers
Ultraviolet Stabilizers
Flame Retardants
Colorants
Curing Agents
Antistatic Agents: Antistats
Chemical Blowing Agents
Compatibilizers
Impact Modifiers
Processing Aids
Lubricants
Microorganism Inhibitors

Reactions on Polymers
Reactions with Polyolefins and Polyenes
Reactions of Aromatic and Aliphatic Pendant Groups
Degradation
Cross-Linking
Reactivities of End Groups
Supramolecules and Self-Assembly
Transfer and Retention of Oxygen
Nature’s Macromolecular Catalysts
Photosynthesis
Mechanisms of Physical Energy Absorption
Breakage of Polymeric Materials

Synthesis of Reactants and Intermediates for Polymers
Monomer Synthesis from Basic Feedstocks
Reactants for Step-Reaction Polymerization
Synthesis of Vinyl Monomers
Synthesis of Free-Radical Initiators

Polymer Technology
Fibers
Elastomers
Films and Sheets
Polymeric Foams
Reinforced Plastics (Composites) and Laminates
Molding
Casting
Extrusion
Coatings
Adhesives

Selected Topics
Conductive Polymeric Materials
Nonlinear Optical Behavior
Photophysics and Photochemistry: Basics
Drug Design and Activity
Synthetic Biomedical Polymers
Sutures
Geotextiles
Smart Materials
High-Performance Thermoplastics
Construction and Building
Flame-Resistant Textiles
Water-Soluble Polymers
Anaerobic Adhesives
Hydrogels
Emerging Polymers
Green Materials
New Materials: Additional Aspects

Solutions
Appendix A: Symbols
Appendix B: Trade Names
Appendix C: Syllabus
Appendix D: Polymer Core Course Committees

Appendix E: Structures of Common Polymers
Appendix F: Mathematical Values and Units
Appendix G: Comments on Health
Appendix H: ISO 9000 and 14000
Appendix I: Electronic Education Websites

Index

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