As a counterpart to the growing volume of more theoretical literature in ecotourism, this volume presents a global compilation and analysis of over 170 real-life case studies in ecotourism, selected after an extensive screening process. It includes ecotours on land and sea, ecolodges and resorts, private reserves and public parks. The case studies range from the world’s best models to test cases, small and large, unique to representative. Data has been drawn from independent audits by the author and others, as well as from published reports from universities, multilateral and non-government organizations. The book shows what ecotourism can achieve, what constraints it faces, and provides a convenient and comprehensive reference for ecotourism enterprises, development agencies and university teaching.
Table of Contents
FOREWORD - UNEP CHAPTER 1. Introduction Aims, scope and focus Case study approach Methods CHAPTER 2 - Africa Phinda Private Game Reserve, South Africa Chumbe Island Coral Park, Tanzania Nxabega Lodge, Botswana Cousin Island, Denis Island, Fregate Island, Seychelles Casamance Village Tourism, Senegal Kakum Canopy Walkway, Ghana CHAPTER 3 - Asia Pacific Rapita Lodge, Soloman Islands El Nido Resort, Palawan, Philippines Turtle Island, Fiji Salani Surf Resort, Samoa Narayani Safari Hotel and Lodge, Nepal Ulu Ai Longhouse, Sarawak Earth Sciences Expeditions, China Togian Islands, Indonesia Kanchanburi Ecotourism Cooperative, Thailand Gobi Gurbansaikhan, Mongolia CHAPTER 4 - Australia and New Zealand Earth Sanctuaries Ltd, Australia Yellow-Eyed Penguin Reserve, New Zealand Broome Bird Observatory, Australia Binna Burra Lodge, Australia Arthur’s Pass Wilderness Lodge, New Zealand World Expeditions, Rafting and Seakayaking, Australia Taka Dive, Australia Waitomo Glow Worm Caves, New Zealand Mon Repos Turtles, Australia CHAPTER 5 - South and Central America Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve, Costa Rica Una Ecopark, Brazil Wekso Ecolodge, Panama Chalalan Ecolodge, Bolivia Community Baboon Sanctuary, Belize San Pedro Volcano, Guatemala Cuatro Cienegas, Mexico CHAPTER 6 - North America and Europe Redberry Pelican Project, Canada Betchart Expeditions, USA Touristik Union International, Germany Earthfoot Travel, USA Baikal Watch, Russia Nols Seakayak, Prince William Sound, Alaska Prespa, Greece Russian Zapovedniks CHAPTER 7 - Artic and Antartics Antarctic Tourism Explorer Shipping, Antarctica Arctic Tourism Aurora Expeditions, SvalbardTest Cases Couran Cove Resort, Australia Kingfisher Bay Resort, Australia Island Tourism, Maldives Himachal Helicopter Skiing, India Sport Hunting Whalewatch Kaikoura, New Zealand CHAPTER 8 - Discussion and Conclusions Significance and Context Ecotourism and Sustainability Scale and Leverage Economic, Social and Environmental Contexts Boundaries and Expectations Nature-based Product Environmental Management Environmental Education Contributions to ConservationConclusions Ecotourism can Contribute to Conservation and Communities In Developed Nations, Ecotourism in Parks is Politically Charged A Strong Conservation Framework is Needed in Developing Nations International Oversight Helps Maintain Standards Ecotourism Signatures Differ Between Regions Big Ecotourism is Possible but Currently Rare The Future of Ecotourism