Caste Identities and The Ideology of Exclusion: A Post-Script on the Humanization of Indian Social Life

Caste Identities and The Ideology of Exclusion: A Post-Script on the Humanization of Indian Social Life

by Sebastian Velassery, Reena Patra

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Overview

Today, when India is certainly once more emerging as one of the most important social experiments in the world, it is more than ever incumbent to explore and re-discover the underlying reasons and philosophy that marginalized the Indian consciousness in terms of caste, ethnicity, religion and the like. This book is intentionally taking a re-look at caste as ontology in a deeper level by taking recourse to the major mode of dehumanization that has systematically happened in this country by upholding tradition as sacred and thus cannot be challenged. Unlike the European enlightenment which was powerful enough to overthrow a cognitive method that was centered on religious considerations, Indian cultural and civic movements could not depose doctrinal claims based on caste and caste identities. Therefore, the most significant question is: Can a new form of civic culture devoid of Varnashrama morals and their preceptors will be a possible reality in this tradition and culture? This is the most formidable, intellectual, cultural, political and social anxiety that post-independence India faces with regard to the humanization debates of Indian societies.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781627347037
Publisher: Universal-Publishers.com
Publication date: 06/30/2018
Pages: 146
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.31(d)

About the Author

Sebastian Velassery, Professor, Department of Philosophy, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India did his M. A. from Hyderabad Central University and Ph. D from IIT/Kanpur. Professor Velassery has contributed more than six dozen research articles in various national/international journals and anthologies. He has published eight books. The recent books are Casteism and Human Rights: Toward an Ontology of the Social Order; Globalization and Cultural Identities: Philosophical Challenges and Opportunities; Identity, Creativity and Modernization: Perspectives on Indian Cultural Tradition, and Reasoning in Faith: Cultural Foundations for Civil Society and Globalization.

Reena Patra was awarded the prestigious Graduiertenkolleg - Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG-German Research Foundation) fellowship for her doctoral studies in combining the age old Indian concept of Vaastu Shastra with the Heideggerian concept of techne at Dresten University of Technology in Germany. Besides the two books Reena has published, she has contributed more than a dozen research papers on different philosophical themes in various national/international journals. Presently, she is working on an ICPR project with the Centre for Vivekananda Studies, Panjab University, Chandigarh.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgment 009

Preface 013

CHAPTER – 1

Casteism: Onto-Genesis of an Ideology of Exclusion 017

Caste Origins and its Intellectual Basis

Metamorphosis of Varna into Caste

The Basis of Caste System

Defining Caste: A Sociological Perspective

The Caste Hierarchy and Ascriptions of Identities

Caste System and the Untouchables

Brahmin Control of Thought

Dalit: Descending Scale of Contempt

Dalits: Attributed Characteristics

Caste Factors and Theological Endorsement

Brahminic and the Shramanic Traditions

Resistance to Caste Exclusion

Colonial Period and the Movement against Caste Exclusion

II

Caste as Ontology 033

Two Forms of Indian Ontologies

Being Vs. Non-Being

Casteism: It’s Faith Character

Exclusion Ideology: Philosophical Specificities

Faith Character and Privileged Identity

Identity and the Cultural Character

Casteism as Human Estrangement

Desegregation and Integration

An Initial Conclusion

CHAPTER - 2

Indian Social Life: Ideologies of Equality and Varnashrama Morality 047

Concept of Equality

Equality and Justice

Social Equality

Rationale of Equality

II

Varnashrama Morality: Objective Principles 053

The Triad of Dharma: Dharma-Trimurti

Inequality of the Varnas

Varna and Ashrama

Culture of Equality and Varnashrama Morality

Caste as the Form of Equality

Civic Culture and the Civic Good

III

Dalit Identity and the Ideology of Equality 063

Dalit Identity

Dalits and Religion

Dalits and Social Policy

Cultural Consensus

Political and Social Transformation

IV

Christian Dalits 071

Christian Dalits and Social Change

Indian Churches and the Ideology of Equality

Compensatory Discrimination and Christian Dalits

By way of a Conclusion

CHAPTER – 3

Philosophy of Exclusion: Cognitive Contaminations 081

Epistemological Issues in Indian Thought

The systematic Speculations

The Absolute view of Knowledge

The Synthetic view of Knowledge

II

Epistemological Issues 085

Indian and Western conceptions on the idea of epistemology

Brahmin Monopoly of thought

The Language of Dalit-Bahujan

Dalit Category as Ontology

Dharma and the Consideration of the Other

Concept of Dharma and the Cognitive contaminations

Two Conceptions of Dharma

Dalit –Bahujan Epistemology

Dalitism vs. Brahminism: the Epistemological Conflict in History

Cognitive Contaminations: Perceptible factors

Cognitive Contaminations: Recent Examples

Conclusion

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