Catholic Bioethics, Third Edition / Edition 3

Catholic Bioethics, Third Edition / Edition 3

by William E. May
ISBN-10:
1612787029
ISBN-13:
9781612787022
Pub. Date:
07/22/2013
Publisher:
Our Sunday Visitor, Publishing Division
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Overview

Catholic Bioethics, Third Edition / Edition 3

No topic seems to be more hotly debated right now than bioethics. Artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization, cloning, genetic counseling, and assisted suicide are just some of the stories in the forefront of the news. It is every Catholic’s responsibility to know and understand the Church’s teachings regarding these issues. William E. May has taken this multi-faceted, complex topic and offers guidance for all Catholics on making moral choices.

William E. May is the Michael J. McGivney Professor of Moral Theology at the John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family. He is an internationally known and well respected theologian. He is the coauthor of Catholic Sexual Ethics, Second Edition and author of An Introduction to Moral Theology.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781612787022
Publisher: Our Sunday Visitor, Publishing Division
Publication date: 07/22/2013
Pages: 336
Sales rank: 302,583
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword13
Introduction15
Chapter 1Church Teaching and Major Issues in Bioethics19
1.John Paul II's Encyclical Evangelium Vitae20
A.Chapter One: "Present-Day Threats to Human Life"20
B.Chapter Two: "The Christian Message Concerning Life"22
C.Chapter Three: "God's Holy Law"24
D.Chapter Four: "For a New Culture of Human Life"30
2.The Vatican Instruction on Respect for Human Life in Its Origin and on the Dignity of Procreation (Donum Vitae)34
A.Introduction34
B.Part I: Respect for Human Embryos35
C.Part II: Interventions Upon Human Procreation36
D.Part III: Moral Law and Civil Law38
3.Declaration on Procured Abortion39
4.The Declaration on Euthanasia42
A.Introduction42
B.Part I: The Value of Human Life42
C.Part II: Euthanasia43
D.Part III: The Meaning of Suffering for Christians and the Use of Painkillers43
E.Part IV: Due Proportion in the Use of Remedies44
Conclusion to Chapter One45
Endnotes for Chapter One45
Chapter 2Making True Moral Judgments and Good Moral Choices47
1.The Meaning of a "Human Act"; Its Existential and Religious Significance; The Sources of Its Moral Character48
A.The Meaning of a "Human Act"48
B.The Existential, Religious Significance of Human Acts as Freely Chosen49
C.The Sources of the Morality of a Human Act50
2.Kinds of Human Dignity; Human Freedom and God's Wise and Loving Plan for Human Existence52
A.Kinds of Human Dignity52
B.Human Freedom of Choice and God's Wise and Loving Plan for Human Existence54
3.The Relationship Between the "Good" and Human Choices and Action; The First Principles of Natural Law55
4.Normative Truths of Natural Law57
5.Steps in Making True Moral Judgments60
6.The "Fulfillment" or "Perfection" of Natural Law Through the Redemptive Work of Christ61
Endnotes for Chapter Two63
Chapter 3Generating Human Life: Marriage and the New Reproductive Technologies65
Introduction65
1.Part One: Fornication, Adultery, and the Generation of Human Life66
2.Part Two: Marriage and the Generation of Human Life67
A.Marriage, Marital Rights and Capacities67
B.The Meaning of the Marital Act68
C."Begetting" Human Life Through the Marital Act70
3.Part Three: Generating Human Life Through New Reproductive Technologies71
A.The Teaching of Pius XII and the Pontifical Academy for Life72
B.The New Reproductive Technologies73
C.An Ethical and Theological Evaluation of the New Reproductive Technologies79
4.Part Four: "Assisted" Insemination/Fertilization87
A.Basic Criteria87
B.Acknowledged Instances of Assisted Insemination or Fertilization89
C.Controverted Technologies90
D.Conclusion to Part Four; A Word About Fertility Drugs93
5.Part Five: "Rescuing" Frozen Embryos94
A.There Are No Morally Licit Ways of "Rescuing" Frozen Embryos95
B.It Can Be Morally Licit for a Woman to Have a Frozen Embryo Transferred to Her Womb and Nurtured101
C.Even Single Women Can Rightly Nurture and Bear Frozen Embryos104
D.Conclusion to the "Rescuing of Frozen Embryos"107
Endnotes for Chapter Three108
Chapter 4Contraception and Respect for Human Life119
Introduction119
1.Pope John Paul II on the Roots of the Culture of Death and Contraception's Relationship to It123
2.Contraception vs. "Recourse to the Rhythm of the Cycle": Their Anthropological and Moral Differences, One Ultimately Entailing "Irreconcilable Concepts of the Human Person and of Human Sexuality"125
A.Contraception: Its Underlying Anthropology and Moral Methodology125
B.Recourse to the Rhythm of the Cycle: Its Underlying Anthropology and Moral Methodology132
3.Contraception: An Anti-Life Act134
4.Contraception: Both Anti-Love and Anti-Life137
AppendixPreventing Conception When in Danger of Rape or After Rape140
Endnotes for Chapter Four142
Chapter 5Abortion and Human Life151
Introduction: Structure of This Chapter151
1.Resume and Clarification of Church Teaching152
A.The Definition of Abortion153
B."Ensoulment" or Infusion of the Immortal Soul153
C."Direct" vs. "Indirect" Abortion154
2.It is Reasonable to Believe that Most People Begin at Fertilization and Unreasonable to Deny This156
Rejection of Opinions Denying This Truth
A.Personhood Requires Exercisable Cognitive Abilities159
B.Personhood Depends on Sense Organs and a Brain: The "Delayed Hominization" Theory162
C.Individual Personhood Cannot Be Established Before Implantation166
3.The Special Moral Gravity of Abortion, a Woman's "Right" to Abortion, the Difference Between a "Right" and a "Liberty"170
A.The Unique Moral Gravity of Abortion170
B.A Woman's "Right" to an Abortion172
C.The Difference Between a "Right" and a "Liberty"174
4.Abortion as "Removal" vs. Abortion as "Killing"176
A.Lee's Analysis and Position177
B.Critique179
5.The Management of Ectopic Pregnancies182
A.Ectopic Pregnancies and Their Frequency182
B.Medically Available Procedures for Coping with Ectopic Pregnancies182
C.The Ethical and Religious Directives183
D.Current Theological Debate Over Management of Tubal Pregnancies184
Conclusion to Chapter Five186
Endnotes for Chapter Five186
Chapter 6Experimentation on Human Subjects199
1.Introduction: The Cardinal Principle of Free and Informed Consent199
A.Basic Types of Experimentation201
B.The Key Principle or "Canon of Loyalty": The Principle of Free and Informed Consent201
2.Proxy Consent: Its Meaning, Justification, and Limits205
A.Proxy Consent in the Therapeutic Situation205
B.Proxy Consent in the Nontherapeutic Situation206
3.Research on the Unborn, In Particular, Embryonic Stem-Cell Research213
A.What Are Human Embryonic Stem Cells and Why Are They Used for Research?214
B.Legitimate Sources of Stem Cells for Research215
4.Genetic Therapy215
A.Gene Therapy: Its Definition and Types215
B.How Gene Therapy "Works"216
C.Strategies for Gene Therapy217
D.Delivering Therapeutic Genes218
E.The Morality of Somatic Cell Gene Therapy218
F.Germ-line "Therapy"219
5.Prenatal and Pre-Implantation Screening220
A.Prenatal Diagnosis and Screening220
B.Pre-implantation Diagnosis and Screening223
6.Genetic Counseling224
7.The Human Genome Project227
Endnotes for Chapter Six228
Chapter 7Euthanasia, Assisted Suicide, and Care of the Dying235
The Contemporary Movement for Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide235
1.Clarifying the Terminology238
2.The "Ethics of Euthanasia"240
A.Voluntary Active Euthanasia240
B.Nonvoluntary Euthanasia243
C.The Legal or Jurisprudential Issue245
D.Summary and Conclusion: The "Ethics of Euthanasia"246
3.Critique of the "Ethics of Euthanasia"246
A.Autonomy and Voluntary Euthanasia vs. the Sanctity of Life247
B."Quality of Life" Judgments and Justice249
C.Dualism and Euthanasia250
D.Voluntary Active Euthanasia and the Law251
4.The "Ethics of Benemortasia"252
A.The Intrinsic Good of Human Life and the Evil of Intentional Killing252
B.Criteria for Distinguishing Between "Ordinary" ("Proportionate") and "Extraordinary" ("Disproportionate") Treatments254
C.Summary: The Presuppositions of the "Ethics of Benemortasia"262
5.Caring for the Permanently Unconscious and Persons in the "Persistent Vegetative State"263
A.Description of "Persistent Vegetative State"263
B.Recommendations by Professional Bodies, etc.: PVS Patients, Consciousness, and Pain264
C.Responses by U.S. Bishops266
D.The Theological Position That Providing Tubal Feeding to PVS Patients Is Futile and Unduly Burdensome267
E.The Theological Position Claiming That Tubal Feeding of PVS Patients is Obligatory268
6.Advance Directives270
A.The Living Will270
B.The Durable Power of Attorney270
Endnotes for Chapter Seven273
Chapter 8Defining Death and Organ Transplantation283
Introduction283
Procedure285
1.Pope John Paul II on Death286
A.The Value of Human Life, Including Bodily Life286
B.The Meaning of Death287
C.Human Death and Organ Transplants288
2.The Conclusions of the "Working Group" of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences289
A.The Clinical Definition of Death289
B.Clinical Indications That Death Has Occurred290
C.Artificial Prolongation of Organ Functions290
3.The Rationale for Identifying "Brain Death" With Human Death291
A.Historical Background291
B.The Consensus on "Brain Death": The Report of the President's Commission292
C.The Presuppositions Underlying This Consensus293
4.D. Alan Shewmon's Challenge to "Brain Death"294
A.Evidence Challenging the Claim That the Brain Is the Central Integrating Organ of the Whole Body295
B.Criteria for Determining the "Integrative Unity" of the Human Body297
C.New Criteria for Determining That Death Has Occurred298
D.A Suggested Protocol for Organ Transplants From the "Brain-Dead"299
E.Responses to Shewmon's Critique of "Brain Death"302
F.Conclusion: Retrieving Organs From Persons Declared Brain-Dead305
5.Organ Donation From the Living (Inter Vivos)306
Endnotes for Chapter Eight310
Bibliography and Resources317
Index323

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