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Central America provocatively challenges the myths of Central American democracy, development, and changeconcepts traditionally maligned and oversimplified, but here presented analytically through a unique series of first-hand accounts. Incorporating essays by a variety of well-known academics and Central American specialists, this work considers each of the three concern areas separately. Part I includes five essays on democracy in the context of such nations as El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. Part II explores the idea of development, the development of democratic education, U.S. aid, and the Social Democratic Project of 1948. Part III discusses the concept of changeseven essays cover liberation theology, the Sanctuary Movement, and the Reagan administration's attempts to thwart change.
About the Author
JOHN M. KIRK is Associate Professor at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada. He has travelled extensively in Latin America and is a frequent contributor to Canadian radio and television on Central American affairs.
GEORGE W. SCHUYLER is Director of the Inernational Education Center at St. Mary's University in Halifax, Canada. He has lived and worked in Latin America and has studied and taught about the region for many years.
Table of Contents
Introduction by John M. Kirk and George W. Schuyler
Part I: Democracy
El Salvador: "Democratization" to Halt the Insurgency by Guillermo Manuel Ungo
Democratization in El Salvador: Illusion or Reality? by Liisa L. North
Democracy, Military Rule, and Agrarian Reform in Guatemala by Jim Handy
Consolidating Democracy Under Fire by H.E. Sergio Lacayo
Honduras: National Identity, Repression, and Popular Response by Judith A. Weiss
Part II: Development
Central America: Dependent-Welfare, Authoritarian, and Revolutionary Concepts of Development by James Petras and Morris H. Morley
One Road to Democracy With Development: José Figueres and the Social Democratic Project After 1948 by Anthony Winson
Resisting Conquest: Development and the Guatemalan Indian by W. George Lovell
Developing Democratic Education in Central America Means Revolution: The Nicaraguan Case by W. Gordon West
Militarization, U.S. Aid, and the Failure of Development in El Salvador by Charles Clements
Part III: Change
New Social Movements in Central America: Perspectives on Democratic Social Transformations by James Petras
Liberation Theology as a Force for Change by Blase Bonpane
The Sanctuary Movement in the United States by Mary Ann Lundy
Four Themes and an Irony by Walter LaFeber
The Reagan Administration and Its Attempts to Thwart Change Wayne S. Smith
The U.S. War in Central America by Ed Asner
Obstacles to the Peace Process in Central America by Sandor Halebsky and Susanne Jonas
Appendix: Central America: Socio-Economic Statistics