Central Bankers, Bureaucratic Incentives, and Monetary Policy / Edition 1 available in Hardcover
- Pub. Date:
- Springer Netherlands
By now it has become obvious that Federal Reserve actions have an immense impact on the functioning of our economy. As a result, a great deal of research has been done on the Fed and on monetary policy. Much of this work is normative; it tells us what the Fed should do. Positive work on the Fed has usually tried to elucidate particular Fed policies, and has not tried to present a theory of why the Fed behaves the way it does. The dominant theory of Fed behavior is that the Fed does what it believes to be best for the public welfare. This theory - usually left implicit - is so simple, and seemingly so obviously correct, that it has received widespread credence without extended discussion or tests. When thinking about govern ment in general many observers doubt that it nearly always acts in the public interest. However, they ascribe this unfortunate state of affairs mainly to political pressures. Since the Fed is relatively removed from such pressures, the public interest theory of government seems more applicable to it.
Table of Contents
1. Central Bankers, Bureaucratic Incentives, and Monetary Policy: An Introduction.- I. Structure of Central Bank Financing and Bureaucratic Rents.- 2. Monetary Policy: Theory and Practice.- 3. Inflationary Bias of the Federal Reserve System: A Bureaucratic Perspective.- 4. Preliminary Evidence on the Use of Inputs in the Federal Reserve System.- 5. Human Capital and Bureaucratic Inertia: The Use of Inputs by the Federal Reserve.- II. The Organization of Central Bank Bureaus and the Problems of Control.- 6. The Choice of Monetary Instruments and the Theory of Bureaucracy.- 7. Bureaucratic Theory and the Choice of Central Bank Goals.- 8. Research Activities and Budget Allocations Among Federal Reserve Banks.- 9. Banking Sector Influence on the Relationship of Congress to the Federal Reserve System.- III. Political Pressures, Bureaucratic Incentives, and Monetary Policy.- 10. Politics and Fed Policymaking.- 11. Central Bank Independence: An International Comparison.- 12. A Private Central Bank: Some Olde English Lessons.- IV. Conclusion.- 13. Central Bankers and the Issue of Independence.- Contributors.