A Century of Physics / Edition 1

A Century of Physics / Edition 1

by D. Allan Bromley
Pub. Date:
Springer New York

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A Century of Physics / Edition 1

In this amazing "Cook's tour" of physics over the past 100 years, D. Allan Bromley uses the occasion of the centenary of the American Physical Society to reflect upon the growth of physics, its expansion into numerous subdisciplines, the impact physics has had upon modern technology, and the reemergence of the fundamental unity of the discipline in recent years. Hundreds of illustrations, both historical and new, accompany the text.

Bromley conveys much of the excitement and wonder that research in physics generated in the twentieth century and asks what new things may be in store in the next century. He covers such topics as relativity and quantum mechanics, the Manhattan Project, superconductivity, transistors and the electronics revolution, protein folding, the uses of nuclear and atomic physics in biology and medicine, plate tectonics, gravitational radiation, and the expansion of the universe and the Big Bang.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780387952475
Publisher: Springer New York
Publication date: 12/14/2001
Edition description: 2002
Pages: 114
Product dimensions: 7.01(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

Part IAn Historical Overview, 1900-19491
What Is Physics?1
The Early Twentieth Century2
Activities in the Cambridge Cavendish Laboratory3
The Development of Quantum Mechanics9
1932--Annus Mirabilis9
The Discovery of Nuclear Fission18
The Manhattan Project18
The MIT Radiation Laboratory27
The Merger of Natural Philosophy and Invention28
Physics in the 1930s29
The Immediate Postwar Period29
Part IIThe Explosive Growth of Postwar Physics, 1950-199931
Materials Science32
Buckyballs and Nanotubes40
Surface Science41
Fluid Physics43
Development of the Transistor48
The Evolution of Computers48
Breakthroughs in Communications53
Computational Chemistry55
Folding of Proteins56
Photon Probes57
Improved Resolution and Higher Precision60
Trapping and Cooling of Elementary Particles and Atoms62
Bose-Einstein Condensates64
Frontiers of Nuclear Structure Physics67
The Phase Diagram for Nuclear Matter74
Atomic and Nuclear Technology in Biology and Medicine75
The Merging of Elementary Particle Physics and Cosmology82
The Standard Model83
The Building Blocks of Nature86
String Theory88
Plasma Physics91
Plate Tectonics in Geophysics94
The Structure of Supernovae95
Gravitational Radiation99
The Evolution of Our Universe102
The COBE Measurements on the CMB103
The Inflationary Universe105
The Structure of the Milky Way Galaxy106
The Gross Structure of Our Universe106
Gravitational Lensing109
Concluding Remarks111

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