Cerebral Blood Flow: Clinical and Experimental Results

Cerebral Blood Flow: Clinical and Experimental Results

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1969)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783642858628
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 05/21/2012
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1969
Pages: 292
Product dimensions: 8.27(w) x 10.98(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

I: Methodology.- Dependence of 85Kr(?)-Clearance rCBF Determination on the Input Function.- Comments on the Inert Gas Elimination Method for the Determination of Cerebral Blood Flow.- Further Studies on Exponential Models of Cerebral Clearance Curves.- Evaluation of the rCBF Method of Lassen and Ingvar.- Problems in Control Studies for the Evaluation of Drugs.- The Heterogeneity of Blood Flow throughout the Normal Cerebral Hemisphere.- The Two-Minutes-Flow-Index (TMFI).- Stochastic Analysis and Slope Determination of Linear and Semilogarithmic Clearance Curves Respectively. Practical Considerations.- Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Measured by Multiple Probes: An Oscilloscope and a Digital Computer System for Rapid Data Processing.- Gamma-Camera and Multichannel Analyser for Multilocular rCBF Measurement.- Measurements of the rCBF by Intravenous Injection of 133Xe. A Comparative Study with the Intra- Arterial Injection Method.- Comment on the Paper by Agnoli et al.- Application of the 133Xenon Clearance Method to the Measurement of Local Blood Flow in the Conscious Animal.- Problems Concerning the Hg Inhalation Technique to Determine the Cerebral Blood Flow by Means of Palladinized Pt-Electrodes.- Local H2-Clearance and PO2-Measurements in Microareas of the Brain Tissue in Rats.- Simultaneous Focal Intracerebral Blood Flow Measurements in Man Around 18 Chronically Implanted Electrodes.- Gas and Heat Clearance Comparison and Use of Heat Transport for Quantitative Local Blood Flow Measurements.- Regional Brain Blood Flow Estimated by Using Particle Distribution and Isotope Clearance Methods.- Absolute Measurement of Brain Blood Flow Using Non-Diffusible Isotopes.- A Method of Employing External Counting Techniques to Obtain the Mean Transit Time and Distribution of Transit Times of Isotope Passage through the Head.- Effects of Various Agents on Cerebral Circulation Studied by Ultrasonic Doppler Technique in Man.- The Use of a New Cyclotron Produced Isotope Krypton-85m, for the Measurement of Cerebral Blood Flow.- The Simultaneous Measure In Vivo of Regional Cerebral Blood Flow and Regional Cerebral Oxygen Utilization by Means of Oxyhemoglobin Labelled with Radioactive Oxygen15.- Comments to Chapter I.- II: Regulation of CBF.- Influence of Hypoxia on the Response of CBF to Hypocapnia.- The Influence of Oxygen Affinity of Blood and Cerebral Blood Flow on Cerebral Oxygen Supply.- Lack of Adaptation of CBF and CSF pH in Hypoxic Hypercapnia.- Cerebral Blood Flow in Patients with Chronic Respiratory Insufficiency, with Special Regard to Induced Acute Changes of the Blood Gas Situation.- Arterial pCO2 and Blood Flow in Different Parts of the Central Nervous System of the Anesthetized Cat.- Changes of the Transmural Pressure – the Probable Stimulus to Cerebral Blood Flow Autoregulation.- CBF in Non-Pulsatile Perfusion.- On the Location of the Vascular Resistance in the Cerebral Circulation.- The Spasm of the Internal Carotid Arteries.- Regional Cerebral Blood Volume during Paradoxical Sleep.- The Effect of Hemodilution Caused by Low Molecular Weight Dextran on Human Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism.- Cerebral Vascular Responses to Changes in the Ionic Osmolar Composition of Blood.- Comments to Chapter II.- III: Cerebrovascular Disease.- Regional Cerebral Blood Flow at Rest and during Functional Tests in Occlusive and Non-Occlusive Cerebrovascular Disease.- rCBF at Rest and during Functional Tests in Transient Ischemic Attacks.- Partial Cerebral Vasoparalysis in Patients with Apoplexy: Dissociation between Carbon Dioxide Responsiveness and Autoregulation.- Discrepancies between Autoregulation and CO2 Reactivity of Cerebral Vessels.- Microflow Patterns after Experimental Occlusion of Middle Cerebral Artery Demonstrated by Fluorescein Angiography and 133 Xenon Clearance.- Cerebral Circulation Speed and EEG Frequency.- Correlation between Brain Gas Exchange and CSF Acid-Base Status in Patients with Cerebral Haemorrhage.- The Acid-Base-Equilibrium of the CSF and the Respiration in Cerebral Vascular Diseases.- Clinical Applications of the Gamma Camera in the Evaluation of Patients with Cerebrovascular Disease.- Iconoscopic Evaluation of Cerebral Vacsular Disease.- Correlations between CBF and Clinical Results in Cerebrovascular Patients. A Statistical Analysis.- rCBF Studies in Patients with Arteriovenous Malformations of the Brain.- ATP Influences on Cerebral Hemodynamics and Metabolism in Patients with Ischaemic Cerebral Disturbances.- A New Therapeutical Method for Cerebral Circulatory Disturbances.- Comments to Chapter III.- IV: Carotid Surgery.- Cerebral Blood Flow Studies during Carotid Surgery.- The Effect of Hyperbaric Oxygen during Carotid Surgery.- Pre- and Postoperative Cerebral Blood Flow in Patients with Carotid Artery Stenoses.- Cerebral Blood Flow Measurements in the Evaluation of Carotid Surgery.- The Influence of Carotid Stenosis on Cortex Perfusion..- Comments to Chapter IV.- V: Tumors, Intracranial Pressure.- Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Cases of Brain Tumor.- rCBF Studies in Intracranial Tumors.- Paradoxical rCBF Reactions in Intracranial Tumors.- Cerebrovascular Dilatation and Compression in Intracranial Hypertension.- Studies on the CBF and Problems of the Determination of the Cerebral Metabolism in Patients with Localized Cerebral Lesions.- Total COg in Brain Biopsies Taken from Patients with Intracranial Tumors and Cerebrovascular Disease after Freezing of the Tissue in Situ.- The Effect of Intracranial Pressure on Perifocal Hyperemia.- Transit Time and Microflow Measured by Fluorescein Angiography and Radioisotopes in Brain Tumor with Red Veins.- Correlation between rCBF, Angiography, EEG and Scanning in Brain Tumors.- Iconoscope Assessment of Meningiomas, Gliomas and Metastatic Brain Tumors.- Comments to Chapter V.- VI: Trauma, Coma, Alcoholism and Dementia.- Cerebral Hemodynamics and Metabolism Following Brain Trauma. Demonstration of Luxury Perfusion Following Brain-Stem Laceration.- Disturbance ofAutoregulation Following Head Injury-Acute and Chronic Observations.- LOSS of Autoregulation Produced by Cerebral Trauma.- Cessation of Cerebral Blood Flow in Total Irreversible Loss of Brain Function.- Hemodynamic and Metabolic Studies in “Coma Dépassé”. A Search for a Biological Test of Death of the Brain.- Cerebral Blood Flow in Cases of Fallowing Coma after Severe Head Injury.- Effect of High Concentration of CO2 on Cerebral Energy Metabolism and EEG Activity.- Cerebral Vasomotor Control and CSF pH in Metabolic and Respiratory Coma.- CBF and Metabolism in Uremic and Hepatic Precomatose States.- Energy Metabolism, Lactate/Pyruvate Ratio and Extracellular Space in Cortex and White Matter Adjacent to and Distant from a Local Freezing Lesion.- Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Chronic Alcoholism.- Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism in Senile Dementia.- Comments to Chapter VI.- VII: Anesthesia and Therapy.- Effect of Blood Pressure Alterations on CBF during General Anesthesia in Man.- Effects of General Anesthetics in Man on the Ratio of Cerebral Blood Flow to Cerebral Oxygen Consumption.- Effect of Hyper- and Hypoventilation on CBF during Anesthesia.- Cerebral Blood Flow and Oxygen Consumption in Man during Electroencephalographic Seizure Patterns Associated with Ethrane Anesthesia.- Effects of Hyperventilation on Focal Brain Damage Following Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion.- Possible Adverse Effects of Hyperventilation on rCBF during the Acute Phase of Total Proximal Occlusion of a Main Cerebral Artery.- Artificial Hyperventilation in the Treatment of Patients with Severe Brain Lesions.- Clinical Results of Respirator Treatment in Unconscious Patients with Brain Lesions.- Cerebrospinal Fluid and Cerebral Venous pOg in Unconscious Patients with Brain Lesions.- Extremely Severe Brain Injuries Treated with Hyperventilation and Ventricular Drainage.- The Effect of Hyperbaric Oxygen on Intracranial Pressure and Cerebral Blood Flow in Experimental Cerebral Edema.- rCBF during Hyperbaric Oxygenation.- Comments to Chapter VII.- I Closing Remarks.- Theories and Methods for CBF Measurement.- II Closing Remarks.- Clinical Implications of Cerebral Blood Flow Studies.

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