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In this volume, eight leading Japanese scholars present their research on profound and sensitive issues facing Japanese society, much of which has not been available to the English-speaking world. Traveling from Japan to engage in a unique forum at the University of California, they joined eminent professors Befu, DeVos, and Rohlen to bring over fifty leading scholars up to date on the global challenges facing Japan and how education has and will play into the reformulation of its identity. Chapters examine such topics as education policy changes, the education of minorities, including the Burakumin, the hegemony of college entrance examinations, social mobility and basic human rights, increased economic competition and global migration, political influences on educational reform, and the future of Japanese education.
Table of Contents
Introduction June A. Gordon Gerald LeTendre 1
Views from the Japanese Side: Challenges to Japanese Education Takehiko Kariya 11
Part I Policy, Finance, and National Reform
1 Whither Japanese Schooling? Educational Reforms and Their Impact on Ability Formation and Educational Opportunity Hidenori Fujita 17
2 The End of Egalitarian Education in Japan? The Effects of Policy Changes in Resource Distribution on Compulsory Education Takehiko Kariya 54
3 Educational Stratification: Teacher Perspectives on School Culture and the College Entrance Examination Mamoru Tsukada 67
4 Educational Selection, Career Decisions, and School Support: The Case of an Urban Commercial High School Akira Sakai 87
Part II Educational Inequalities and Marginalized Groups
5 Invisible Racism in Japan: Impact on Academic Achievement of Minority Children Yoshiro Nabeshima 109
6 Schooling of Buraku Women: Life Histories in Eastern Japan Haruhiko Kanegae 131
7 The Education of Zainichi Koreans and Their Identity Taeyoung Kim 147
8 The Education of Minorities in Japan: Voices of Amerasians in Okinawa Naomi Noiri 165
Part III Reflections on Forces Affecting the Future of Japanese Education
9 Challenges to Japanese Education: Concluding Thoughts George A. DeVos 181
10 Societal and Cultural Context of Educational Issues Harumi Befu 189
11 A New Policy Context for Schooling in Japan June A. Gordon Gerald LeTendre 205
About the Contributors 205