The Changing Character of War available in Paperback
Over the last decade (and indeed ever since the Cold War), the rise of insurgents and non-state actors in war, and their readiness to use terror and other irregular methods of fighting, have led commentators to speak of 'new wars'. They have assumed that the 'old wars' were waged solely between states, and were accordingly fought between comparable and 'symmetrical' armed forces. Much of this commentary has lacked context or sophistication. It has been bounded by norms and theories more than the messiness of reality. Fed by the impact of the 9/11 attacks, it has privileged some wars and certain trends over others. Most obviously it has been historically unaware. But it has also failed to consider many of the other dimensions which help us to define what war is - legal, ethical, religious, and social. The Changing Character of War, the fruit of a five-year interdisciplinary programme at Oxford of the same name, draws together all these themes, in order to distinguish between what is really changing about war and what only seems to be changing. Self-evidently, as the product of its own times, the character of each war is always changing. But if war's character is in flux, its underlying nature contains its own internal consistency. Each war is an adversarial business, capable of generating its own dynamic, and therefore of spiralling in directions that are never totally predictable. War is both utilitarian, the tool of policy, and dysfunctional. This book brings together scholars with world-wide reputations, drawn from a clutch of different disciplines, but united by a common intellectual goal: that of understanding a problem of extraordinary importance for our times.
This book is a project of the Oxford Leverhulme Programme on the Changing Character of War.
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.30(d)|
About the Author
Hew Strachan, Chichele Professor of the History of War and Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford; Director of the Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War,Sibylle Scheipers, Lecturer in International Relations, University of St Andrews and Senior Research Associate, Changing Character of War Programme, Oxford University
Hew Strachan is Chichele Professor of the History of War and Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford; Director of the Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War. He has been Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 1975-78, and 1979 to date (Life Fellow since 1992); Senior Lecturer, Dept of War Studies, RMA Sandhurst 1978-79; Professor of Modern History, University of Glasgow, 1992-2001, and founding Director of the Scottish Centre for War Studies. Member of the Chief of the Defence Staff's Strategic Advisory Panel 2010; Trustee Imperial War Museum 2010; Member of the Defence Academy Advisory Board; Commissioner, Commonwealth War Graves Commission; and Fellow, Royal Society of Edinburgh.
Sibylle Scheipers is Lecturer in International Relations at the University of St Andrews. She is Director of Studies for the Oxford Changing Character of War programme. Previously she held a postdoctoral fellowship at Chatham House, London.
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Changing Character of War, Hew Strachan and Sibylle Scheipers
PART I: The Need for a Historical Perspective: What has Changed?
1. The Changing Character of War, Azar Gat
2. Had a Distinct Template for a 'Western Way of War' Been Established Before 1800?, David Parrott
3. Changes in War: The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, Michael Broers
4. The Change from Within, Gil-li Vardi
5. 'Killing is Easy': The Atomic Bomb and the Temptation of Terror, Gerard J. DeGroot
6. The 'New Wars' Thesis Revisited, Mats Berdal
7. What is Really Changing? Change and Continuity in Global Terrorism, Audrey Kurth Cronin
PART II: The Purpose of War: Why go to War?
8. Humanitarian intervention, David J.B. Trim
9. Democracy and War in the Strategic Thought of Giulio Douhet, Thomas Hippler
10. Religion in the War on Terror, Alia Brahimi
11. The Changing Character of Civil Wars, 1800-2009, Stathis N. Kalyvas
12. Crime versus War, William Reno
PART III: The Changing Identities of Combatants: Who Fights?
13. War Without the People, Pascal Vennesson
14. The Changing Character of Private Force, Sarah Percy
15. Who Fights?-A Comparative Demographic Depiction of Terrorists and Insurgents in the Twentieth and Twenty-first Centuries, Bruce Hoffman
16. Warlords, Kimberly Marten
17. The European Union, Multilateralism, and the Use of Force, Anne Deighton
18. Robots at War: The New Battlefield, Peter W. Singer
PART IV: The Changing Identities of Non-combatants
19. The Civilian in Modern War, Adam Roberts
20. Killing Civilians, Uwe Steinhoff
21. The Status and Protections of Prisoners of War and Detainees, Sibylle Scheipers
22. The Challenge of the Child Soldier, Guy S. Goodwin-Gill
PART V: The Ideas Which Enable us to Understand War
23. American Strategic Culture: Problems and Prospects, Antulio J Echevarria II
24. Morality and Law in War, David Rodin
25. Target-selection Norms, Torture Norms, and Growing US Permissiveness, Henry Shue
26. he Return of Realism? War and Changing Concepts of the Political, Patricia Owens
27. Strategy in the Twenty-first Century, Hew Strachan
Conclusion: Absent War Studies? War, Knowledge, and Critique, Tarak Barkawi and Shane Brighton