This IMA Volume in Mathematics and its Applications CHAOTIC PROCESSES IN THE GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES is based on the proceedings of a workshop which was an integral part of the 1989- 90 IMA program on "Dynamical Systems and their Applications". The workshop was intended to be an arena for scientific exchanges between earth scientists and mathematical researchers, especially with experts in dynamical systems. We thank Shui-Nee Chow, Martin Golubitsky, Richard McGehee, George R. Sell and David Yuen for organizing the meeting. We especially thank David Yuen for editing the proceedings. We also take this opportunity to thank those agencies whose financial support made the workshop possible: the Army Research Office, the Minnesota Supercomputer Institute, the National Science Foundation, and the Office of Naval Research. A vner Friedman Willard Miller, Jr. PREFACE The problems in geological sciences have many nonlinearities from the nature of the complicated physical laws which give rise to strongly chaotic behavior. Foremost and most visible are earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, more subtle are the time dependent variations of the Earth's magnetic fields and motions of the surface plates.
|Publisher:||Springer New York|
|Series:||The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications , #41|
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1992|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)|
Table of ContentsTurbulent thermal convection.- Spherical symmetry-breaking bifurcations and thermal convection in the earth’s mantle.- Convection and chaos.- Strongly chaotic Newtonian and non-Newtonian mantle convection.- Routes to chaos in the solid earth.- Mantle phase transitions, layered chaotic convection and the viscosity of the deep mantle.- Vigorous motions in magma chambers and lava lakes.- The eruption and spreading of lava.- Modeling transport processes in nonlinear systems: The example of solidification and convection.- Convection in porous media with thermal and chemical buoyancy: A comparison of two models for solute dispersion.- Dynamo theory.- Theory of the geodynamo and core-mantle coupling.- Nonlinear dynamical models for earthquakes and frictional sliding.- The spatial structure of isotropic turbulence and the related three-dimensional graphics problems.- Other titles and abstracts.