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Overview

The Chickamauga Campaign by Steven E. Woodworth

From mid-August to mid-September 1863, Union major general William S. Rosecrans’s Army of the Cumberland maneuvered from Tennessee to north Georgia in a bid to rout Confederate general Braxton Bragg’s Army of Tennessee and blaze the way for further Union advances. Meanwhile, Confederate reinforcements bolstered the numbers of the Army of Tennessee, and by the time the two armies met at the Battle of Chickamauga, in northern Georgia, the Confederates had gained numerical superiority.

Although the Confederacy won its only major victory west of the Appalachians, it failed to achieve the truly decisive results many high-ranking Confederates expected. In The Chickamauga Campaign,Steven E. Woodworth assembles eight thought-provoking new essays from an impressive group of authors to offer new insight into the complex reasons for this substantial, yet ultimately barren, Confederate victory.

This broad collection covers every angle of the campaign, from its prelude to its denouement, from the points of view of key players of all ranks on both sides. In addition to analyzing the actions taken by Union leaders Thomas L. Crittenden, Alexander McCook, and James S. Negley, and Confederate commanders Braxton Bragg, Patrick Cleburne, Daniel Harvey Hill, Thomas C. Hindman, James Longstreet, and Alexander P. Stewart, the book probes the campaign’s impact on morale in the North and South, and concludes with an essay on the campaign’s place in Civil War memory. The final essay pays particular attention to Union veteran Henry Van Ness Boynton, the founder and developer of Chickamauga and Chattanooga State Military Park, whose achievements helped shape how the campaign would be remembered.

This second volume in the Civil War Campaigns in the Heartland seriesprovides a profound understanding of the campaign’s details as well as its significance to Civil War history.

Contributors: 

John R. Lundberg

Alexander Mendoza

David Powell

Ethan S. Rafuse

William G. Robertson

Timothy B. Smith

Lee White

Steven E. Woodworth

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780809329809
Publisher: Southern Illinois University Press
Publication date: 05/28/2010
Series: Civil War Campaigns in the Heartland
Edition description: 1st Edition
Pages: 216
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Winner of the Grady McWhiney Award of the Dallas Civil War Round Table for lifetime contribution to the study of Civil War History, Steven E. Woodworth is a professor of history at Texas Christian University. He is the author, coauthor, or editor of twenty-seven books, including The Shiloh Campaign, Nothing but Victory: The Army of the Tennessee, 1861–1865, Jefferson Davis and His Generals,and Davis and Lee at War.

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The Chickamauga Campaign 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
James_Durney More than 1 year ago
Civil War Campaigns in the Heartland is a brilliant series of essays edited by the historian Steven E. Woodworth. These books are not introductions to the campaign but to provide an in-depth examination of a person or event in the campaign. Each essay is by an experienced historian, with excellent writing skills with knowledge of the subject. Steven E. Woodworth's talents as an editor make this an outstanding series. All essays are intelligent and detailed without being boring or losing the intended reader. The result is a thought provoking enjoyable learning experience. "The Chickamauga Campaign' is no exception and might be the better than "The Shiloh Campaign". The selection of subjects and authors results is an in-depth look at the campaign and personalities. The essays fully capture the complexities while building our understanding of these events. Ethan S. Rafuse leads off with a look at the "other" Union Corps commanders, Thomas L. Crittenden and Alexander M. McCook. This essay provides an overview of the campaign and resulting battle by following their actions. A well-established author, he looks at the Army of the Cumberland and the results of the defeat. Part politics, part military history, part army management 101 this is an excellent essay. McLemore's Cove is a major event in the campaign. Bragg had a chance to destroy a Union division and badly damage Rosecrans here. Steven E. Woodworth provides a balanced look at what did and did not happen and why. Alexander Mendoza continues his excellent work with a look at D. H. Hill, Chickamauga and the questions caused. This looks at how long the war of words lasted and the impact the war had on the lives of the men who fought it. Lee White is starting to emerge as a speaker and writer. His work as a historian and ranger at Chickamauga show in his essay on A. P. Stewart. John R. Lundberg looks at one of the few planned night attacks during the war. This is a detailed look at Cleburne's attack, the reasons for it, the planning or lack of planning, the attack and what it costs. This is a critical look at decision making in the Army of Tennessee with just a whiff of desperation. William G. Robertson takes a critical look at James Longstreet and the breakthrough. He first looks at Longstreet's reception, orders and knowledge his command. As the attack occurs, we follow Longstreet through the day seeing just what impact he has on the battle. David Powell brings his expertise to bear in an essay on Negley at Horseshoe Ridge. Back on the Union side, we follow their army management and how Negley reacts to differing orders. We follow the fighting, his withdrawal and the ongoing questions this caused. Most historians do not write about the founding of the National Military Parks. Timothy B. Smith is an exception to this rule. He has written on the development of Shiloh and here looks at Henry Van Ness Boynton. Boynton was instrumental in the development of the idea for the parks. In addition, he was a founder of the Chickamauga Park. This essay opens this area of Civil War history to a wider audience. This very enjoyable essay departs from the normal "Battles and Leaders" history. The writers are historians and each essay is complete with footnotes. A series of maps orientates the reader on the battlefield and in the area of the campaign. An index and short bios of the contributors completes the book.