China's Agriculture and Rural Development in The Post-Reform Era

China's Agriculture and Rural Development in The Post-Reform Era


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China’s spectacular achievements in agriculture in recent decades – whereby it has succeeded in feeding some 20% of the world’s population with 9% of its arable land - have been somewhat overshadowed by the equally astonishing progress in urbanization with the latter grabbing more attention domestically and internationally.

China’s much-vaunted ‘reform and opening up’ started in the countryside in the late 1970s with the change from planned, centralised, collectivised agriculture in commune and brigade enterprises to the creation of town and village enterprises (TVEs) based on the household contract responsibility system which allowed Chinese farmers for the first time since the founding of the PRC to use land to grow their own crops and develop their own agribusinesses once they had fulfilled their quotas for the collective.

This was nothing short of a revolution in agriculture which transformed China’s agricultural economy from one characterized by perennial shortages to surpluses by 1998 – the turning point after 20 years of reforms. Since then, the reform and development of China’s agriculture has gone from strength to strength.

As the authors of this book document in great detail:

The per capita net income of Chinese farmers has trebled over the past decade from Rmb2,622 in 2003 to Rmb7,917 in 2012 - an annual increase of over Rmb540 (US$80);

The growth in per capita net income of farmers has been higher than the growth of per capita disposable income of urban residents over the same period – holding out hope for reducing the urban/rural income gap – one of China’s key long-term goals;

How China’s Yuan Longping - publicly acknowledged by the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) back in 1982 as the world’s ‘father of hybrid rice’ - and his team developed a superior strain of hybrid rice enabling China to be self-reliant in rice consumption; Longping remains an active IRRI member to this day.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781910760116
Publisher: Beijing Alain Charles Advertising Limited
Publication date: 07/20/2017
Series: Understanding Modern China , #6
Pages: 130
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents


  • Objectives
  • Scope
  • Key Points
  • Reading Suggestions

1. Main Systems of China’s Agriculture, Rural Areas and Farmers

  • The Current Situation of China’s Agriculture, Rural Areas and Farmers
  • The Course of Structural Reform in Rural Areas
  • Rural Land System and Basic Operational System
  • Development of Township and Village Enterprises (TVEs)
  • The Governance Structure of Towns and Villages

2. How to Promote the Modernization of China’s Agriculture

  • Safeguarding National Food Security
  • Promote Strategic Restructuring of Agriculture
  • Accelerate Agricultural Scientific and Technological Innovation and the Widespread Application of Technology
  • Improving Agricultural Facilities and Equipment
  • Strengthening the Organization of Agricultural

3. How to Carry Out Construction of a New Countryside in China

  • Strengthening the Construction of Rural Infrastructure
  • Accelerating the Development of Social Undertakings in Rural Areas
  • Raising the Rural Social Security Level
  • Improving Rural Environment Conservation and Rehabilitation
  • Improving Rural Development System Mechanisms

4. How To Increase Chinese Farmers’ Incomes and Make Them Rich

  • Optimizing the Potential to Increase Rural Incomes
  • Actively Develop Secondary and Tertiary Industries in Agriculture
  • Developing Expansion of the County-Level Economy
  • Promoting the Employment of Rural Migrants
  • Striving to Increase Transfer Income for Rural Workers

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